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Dick McKee
Richard “Dick” McKee (Irish name Risteárd Mac Aoidh; 4 April, 1893 - 21 November, 1920) was a prominent member of the Irish Republican Army (IRA). He was also friend to some senior members in the Republican movement, including Éamon de Valera, Austin Stack and Michael Collins. Along with Peadar Clancy and Conor Clune, he was killed by his captors in Dublin Castlemarker on Sunday, 21 November 1920, a day known as Bloody Sunday that also saw the killing of a network of British spies by the "Squad" unit of the Irish Republican Army and the killing of 14 people in Croke Parkmarker by British forces. Sean O'Mahony, Death in the Castle: Three murders in Dublin Castle 1920. 1916/1921 Club

Early life

McKee was born at Phibsborough Road in Dublin on 4 April 1893. He became an apprentice in the publishing business at Gill & Son, Upper O'Connell Streetmarker, and then a compositor.

Volunteers and IRA

McKee joined the Volunteers in 1913, serving in G Company, Second Battalion of the Dublin Brigade. He served in the 1916 Rising in Jacob's Factory, under the command of Thomas MacDonagh. McKee was later incarcerated by the Crown forces in Knutsford gaol and at the Frongoch internment campmarker in Wales.

McKee was promoted within the IRA shortly after his release. He became Company Captain and then Commandant of the Second Battalion, eventually being placed as Brigadier of the Army's Dublin Brigade. He was also active as an ex-officio member of IRA General Head Quarter's Staff - which included Collins, Richard Mulcahy and Russell. He was a prime innovator in the formation of the flying columns along with Mulcahy and Collins. He ranked as Director of Training for this duration, though he was jailed again as a political prisoner in Dundalkmarker Jail, in 1918.

McKee had many escapes and close shaves during the War of Independence, and in the final chapter of his revolutionary activism, he was on full-time active service, moving covertly through a network of safe houses.

The Squad

In July 1919 Collins asked McKee to select a small group of men to form the Squad.

Arrest and death

Dick McKee Memorial Finglas Village, was officially unveiled by Eamonn De Valera 10 June 1951
McKee was betrayed to Crown forces by an ex-British Army soldier, James "Shankers" Ryan, and captured at Sean Fitzpatrick's before Bloody Sunday by the Royal Irish Constabulary. (In retaliation, on February 5, 1921, an IRA squad led by Bill Stapleton walked into Hynes' pub in Gloucester Place and shot Ryan dead.)

Brought to Dublin Castlemarker he was tortured under interrogation with Peadar Clancy and Conor Clune from County Claremarker. The three would later be shot on 21 November, 1920. The official account was that he and the other men with him were shot while "trying to escape". This account has been widely disputed.

A book titled Death in the Castle: Three murders in Dublin Castle 1920, written by Sean O'Mahony, and published by 1916–1921 Club records both the life and deaths of the three Republicans.

Burial

McKee and Clancy's tricolour-adorned coffins lay side by side at St. Mary's Pro-Cathederal on Marlborough Street, Dublin. Aged 27 and 32 years, respectively, they were laid to rest at the Republican Plot in Glasnevin Cemeterymarker.

McKee Barracks in Dublin is named after Dick McKee.

References

  1. Dublin Folklore Project report - November 2000
  2. An Phoblacht - Murder in the Castle - 22 November 2001
  3. CIA Studies in Intelligence, V13:1-69-78 (1969) - Michael Collins and Bloody Sunday
  4. Where's where in Dublin: a directory of historic locations, 1913-1923 Joseph E. A. Connell, Dublin 2006
  5. DublinCastle.ie - History of Dublin Castle - Chapter 16


Image:Grave of Clancy and McKee.JPG|The Grave of Clancy and McKee in the Republican Plot, Glasnevin Cemetery Dublin.Image:1916-1921 club 030.jpg|Commemorative plaque in memory of the Volunteers killed in Dublin Castle 1920


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