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Generalmajor Dietrich Peltz (born 9 June, 1914 in Geramarker – died 10 August, 2001 in Munichmarker) was a Germanmarker World War II Luftwaffe bomber pilot.Peltz joined the army in 1934, undergoing pilot training in 1935. After training, he flew in the Polish and French campaigns with StG 76, achieving 102 missions on the Ju-87 Stuka before converting to the Junkers Ju-88 with II./KG 77 in the summer of 1940. He was awarded the Knight's Cross in October 1940.

In March 1941, Hauptmann Peltz was elevated to Gruppenkommandeur of II Gruppe. In the late summer of 1941 the unit was transferred to East Prussia, to fly missions against targets in the Northern sector, including the Leningrad-Moscow railway line, canals and lock gates. Here Peltz was instrumental in developing accurate bombing techniques, allowing his group to achieve success against precision targets which previously could be achieved with much larger bomber forces. Peltz was awarded the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross in October 1941.

In late 1941, Major Peltz was made Commanding Officer of the Bomber Unit Commanders School at Foggiamarker, where all operational bomber commanders were trained in the latest operational techniques. Peltz was then tasked to raise I./KG 66, a unit to develop the use of pioneering types of precision guided munitions then under development in Germany, such as the Fritz X and Henschel Hs 293, against Allied shipping.Operational by October 1942, this unit was sent to Norway against the Allied Murmansk convoys, but only three weeks later was switched to bases in Sardinia to counter the Allied 'Torch' invasionmarker.

Oberst Peltz then became the first Commander, Bomber Force and Inspector, Bombers. Peltz received the Swords to the Knight's Cross on 23 July 1943 and he was commander of the IX. Fliegerkorps in August 1943.

In January 1944, Dietrich Peltz 29 years old, was elevated Major General, became Angriffsführer England and took command of Luftwaffe bomber forces in Operation Steinbock, the retaliatory bombing of England, referred to as the "Baby Blitz", which ended in heavy losses for German bombers. During December and early January Peltz carefully husbanded together some 500 aircraft including Ju 88s, Ju 188s, Do 217s, Me 410s and the He 177 onto French airfields to form IX Fliegerkorps. The attacks dwindled to a halt in late May after heavy losses to the Germans, with little to show for the effort. The British referred to these raids as the "Baby Blitz."

In the autumn of 1944, the bomber crews of IX Fliegerkorps were remustered as infantry or as fighter pilots. Peltz, (somewhat controversially, as he was a bomber expert) became the commander of the II. Jagdkorps which saw action during the Ardennes offensive.

Awards



References

  1. Berger 2000, p. 265.
  • Berger, Florian, Mit Eichenlaub und Schwertern. Die höchstdekorierten Soldaten des Zweiten Weltkrieges. Selbstverlag Florian Berger, 2006. ISBN 3-9501307-0-5.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945. Podzun-Pallas, 2000. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.



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