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Docent is a title at some European universities to denote a specific academic appointment within a set structure of academic ranks below professor (i.e. professor ordinarius). Docent is also at some universities generically used for a person who has the right to teach.

Germany

In Germanymarker, Dozent or Hochschuldozent denotes an academic appointment at a university or similar institution, at a mid level ranking of seniority.

The title of Privatdozent is used (with certain conditions) by those who successfully have completed a Habilitation, thereby denoting that its holder has the right to independently teach without being supervised by a professor. In this way, a Privatdozent may be for instance hold an appointment as Hochschuldozent or Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter, or even Professor.

Central and Eastern Europe

In many countries, with academic traditions that stem from German-speaking countries, "docent" is an academic appointment below of a professor. This is the situation in Croatiamarker, Czech Republicmarker, Hungarymarker, Serbiamarker and Slovakiamarker .

In Polandmarker the title of docent formerly was mandatory in order to become a profesor (i.e. full professor). This is no longer a requirement and this title nearly vanished in the last 20 years. Currently this title may be given to a person on non-scientist duty (teacher/instructor). Only a person on scientist duty may apply for the title of profesor, therefore docent is the highest title for teachers and instructors.

In countries such as Bulgariamarker, Estoniamarker, Macedoniamarker, Serbiamarker, Russiamarker and Ukrainemarker "docent" is used as an academic title .

Northern Europe

In Finlandmarker and Swedenmarker, docent (Finnish dosentti, Swedish docent), is an academic title conferred to a person fulfilling requirements similar to German Privatdozent, that is, at least four years of full-time research after obtaining a doctorate. Such persons are usually expected to give lectures on their specialties if their professional activities permit this. Most docents are employed at the university where they are docents, but usually in a different position (often with the title Lecturer, which is equivalent to Associate Professor).

In Sweden, there used to be both stipendiary (docentstipendiat) and non-stipendiary (oavlönad docent) docent positions. A stipendiary docent both held the docent title (for life), and benefited from a stipend that paid for his or her salary at the university for up to six years. The non-stipendiary alternative was solely an academic title (also for life). Today only the non-stipendiary docent title exist.

In Norway, the title docent ( ) was used for positions immediately below full professors and above Associate Professors (førsteamanuensis) until 1985. The requirements were the same as for full university professors, but until then, each department usually only had one professor and other academics with similar qualifications were appointed as docents. Hence, docents could be seen as professors without chair (Professor extraordinarius). All docents were lifted to full Professor status in 1985 when the title was abolished at the universities.

In Denmark, docent is a appointment ranking between Lecturer (equivalent to Associate Professor) and full Professor.

South Africa

In South Africa, the Afrikaans word dosent refers to any full-time university lecturer, independent of rank, as opposed to a lektor which is used to describe lecturers at Technikon and College level.

Turkey

In Turkeymarker, doçent is an academic appointment ranking between assistant professor and professor .


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