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Dorothy de Rothschild (1895 – 1988) was an Englishmarker philanthropist and activist for Jewish affairs who married into the Rothschild international financial dynasty.

Born Dorothy Mathilde Pinto, and known to her friends as "Dolly", she married James Armand de Rothschild (known as Jimmy) at the age of 17 in 1913. He was 35 years old, the son of Edmond James de Rothschild of the Paris branch of the Rothschild family. In 1922 James de Rothschild inherited Waddesdon Manormarker in Buckinghamshire. This became their country home. They also had a London house in St James's Square.

Dorothy de Rothschild assisted her husband in his political campaigns, particularly from 1929 to 1945 when he was Liberal Member of Parliament for the Isle of Ely constituency.

After his death in 1957, Waddesdon Manor was bequeathed to the National Trust, but the surrounding estate and small mansion at Eythropemarker in Buckinghamshire were retained by Mrs. de Rothschild. She remained a strong influence on the preservation and development of the house and collections at Waddesdon.

Dorothy de Rothschild continued the Zionist interests of her father-in-law and husband, and was a close friend of Chaim Weizmann. She became chairman of Yad Hanadiv, the Rothschild family charities in Israel, and saw through her husband's gift of funds to build the Knessetmarker and her own gift of the Supreme Court of Israelmarker building.

At her death in 1988, she left £94,117,964, the largest probated estate to that date in England and Wales.

External links


  • Obituary, The Daily Telegraph, 12 December 1988
  • Mrs James de Rothschild - Rothschilds at Waddesdon Manor (Collins, 1979) ISBN 0-00-216671-2

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