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DreamWorks, LLC, also known as DreamWorks Pictures, DreamWorks SKG, DreamWorks Studios or DW Studios, LLC, is an Americanmarker film studio which develops, produces, and distributes films, video games, and television programming. It has produced or distributed more than ten films with box-office grosses totalling more than $100 million each. Its most successful title to date is Shrek 2.

DreamWorks began in 1994 as an ambitious attempt by media moguls Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg, and David Geffen (forming the SKG present on the bottom of the DreamWorks logo) to create a new Hollywood studio. In December 2005, the founders agreed to sell the studio to Viacom. The sale was completed in February 2006. In 2008, Dreamworks announced its intention to end its partnership with Paramount and signed a US$1.5 billion deal to produce films with Indiamarker's Reliance ADA Group.

DreamWorks' animation arm was spun-off in 2004 into DreamWorks Animation SKG. Its films were distributed worldwide by Paramount, but the animation studio remained independent of Paramount/Viacom.

On February 9, 2009, DreamWorks entered into a long-term, 30-picture distribution deal with The Walt Disney Company by which the films will be released through the Touchstone Pictures banner over the next five years. The deal came after negotiations broke off with Universal Pictures just days earlier. However, this deal does not include Dreamworks' animation department.

History

The DreamWorks Pictures logo
company was founded following Katzenberg being fired from The Walt Disney Company in 1994. At the suggestion of Spielberg's friend, the two made an agreement with long-time Katzenberg collaborator Geffen to start their own studio. The studio was officially founded on October 12, 1994 with financial backing of $33 million from each of the three main partners and $500 million from Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen.

DreamWorks Interactive is a computer and video game developer founded in 1995, as a subsidiary of DreamWorks SKG.

In 1998, DreamWorks released their first full-length animated feature, Antz.

In 1999, 2000 and 2001, DreamWorks won three consecutive Academy Awards for Best Picture for American Beauty, Gladiator and A Beautiful Mind (the latter two with Universal).

On February 24, 2000, Electronic Arts announced the acquisition of DreamWorks Interactive from DreamWorks and merged it with EA Pacific and Westwood Studios. DreamWorks Interactive became EA Los Angeles (EALA).

DreamWorks Records, the company's record label (the first project of which was George Michael's Older), never lived up to expectations, and was sold in October 2003 to Universal Music Group, which operated the label as DreamWorks Nashville. That label was shut down in 2005 when its flagship artist, Toby Keith, departed to form his own label.

The DreamWorks Animation logo
The studio has had its greatest financial success with movies, specifically animated movies. DreamWorks Animation teamed up with Pacific Data Images (now known as PDI/DreamWorks) in 1996, emerging as the main competitor to Pixar in the age of computer-generated animation and creating some of the highest grossing animated hits of all time, such as Antz (1998), The Prince of Egypt (1998), Shrek (2001), its sequels Shrek 2 (2004) and Shrek the Third (2007); Shark Tale (2004), Madagascar (2005), Over the Hedge (2006), Flushed Away (2006), Bee Movie (2007), and Kung Fu Panda (2008). Based on the films' success, DreamWorks Animation has spun off as its own publicly traded company.

In recent years, DreamWorks has scaled back. It stopped plans to build a high-tech studio, sold its music division, and has only produced a few television series, Las Vegas, Carpoolers, and On the Lot, for example.

David Geffen admitted that DreamWorks had come close to bankruptcy twice. Under Katzenberg's watch, the studio suffered a $125 million loss on Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas, and also overestimated the DVD demand for Shrek 2. In 2005, out of their two large budget pictures, The Island bombed at the domestic box office, while War of the Worlds was produced as a joint effort with Paramount which was the first to reap the profits.

In December 2005, Viacom's Paramount Pictures agreed to purchase the live-action studio. The deal was valued at approximately $1.6 billion, an amount that included about $400 million in debt assumptions. The company completed its acquisition on February 1, 2006.

On March 17, 2006, Paramount agreed to sell a controlling interest in the DreamWorks live-action library (pre-09/16/2005; DW Funding, LLC) to Soros Strategic Partners and Dune Entertainment II. The film library is valued at $900 million. Paramount retained the worldwide distribution rights to these films, as well as various ancillary rights, including music publishing, sequels, and merchandising—this includes films that had been made by Paramount and DreamWorks. The sale was completed on May 8, 2006.

In June 2008, Variety reported that DreamWorks was looking for financing that would allow it to continue operations as an independent production company once its deal with Paramount ended later in the year. Most of the money to do the new studio would come from an Indian investment firm called Reliance ADA Group. The DreamWorks trademarks are owned by DreamWorks Animation, and the new company would need their approval to use the trademarks. In September 2008, it was reported by Variety that Dreamworks closed a deal with Reliance to create a stand-alone production company and end its ties to Paramount.

On March 12, 2007, DreamWorks Animation announced it would release all of its films, beginning with Monsters vs. Aliens (2009), in RealD stereoscopic 3D.

Logo

The Dreamworks logo features a young boy sitting on a crescent moon while fishing. The general idea for the logo was from company's co-founder Steven Spielberg. Spielberg originally wanted a computer generated image, whereas Visual Effects Supervisor Dennis Muren, of Industrial Light and Magic suggested a hand-painted one. Muren contacted friend and artist Robert Hunt to paint it. Hunt worked both versions featuring his son William as a model for the boy, and Spielberg liked the CGI one better. The music accompanying the logo as a movie starts was composed by John Williams. The main logo shows the scene at night, while the Dreamworks Animation logo shows it during the day. The "Night" Logo was Dark Blue, but is now Purple.A similar moon-fishing boy can also found in the drawings of cartoonist Winsor McKay (Little Nemo)

The logo attached to feature films was made at ILM based on paintings by Hunt, in collaboration with Kaleidoscope Films, Dave Carson, and Clint Goldman.

Trivia

  • Currently, United International Pictures, a joint venture of Paramount and Universal, has the rights to release DreamWorks' films internationally, and will also handle releases from the new DreamWorks.
  • The broadcast rights to many DreamWorks films are owned by ABC. Ironically, ABC (along with Pixar) is owned by Disney, with which Katzenberg had a falling out.
  • Edwin R. Leonard, CTO of Dreamworks Animation, won a special achievement award at the 2008 Annies for driving their innovative work with Open Source Software and Linux.


Filmography

DW Funding

First film library spun off in DW Funding, LLC and controlling interest sold to Soros Strategic Partners LP and Dune Entertainment II LLC.
Title Release Date Year Notes
The Peacemaker September 26 1997
Amistad December 10 1997 (co-production with HBO Films)
MouseHunt December 19 1997
Paulie April 17 1998
Deep Impact May 8 1998 (co-production with Paramount Pictures)
Small Soldiers July 10 1998 (with Universal Studios)
Saving Private Ryan July 24 1998 (with Paramount Pictures and Amblin Entertainment)
In Dreams January 15 1999
Forces of Nature March 19 1999
The Love Letter May 21 1999
The Haunting July 23 1999
American Beauty October 1 1999
Galaxy Quest December 25 1999
Walk the Talk March 15 2000 (Direct to Video)
Gladiator May 4 2000 (co-production with Universal Studios)
Road Trip May 11 2000
Small Time Crooks May 19 2000
Chicken Run June 21 2000 (co-production with Pathé and Aardman Animations)
What Lies Beneath July 21 2000 (co-production with 20th Century Fox and ImageMovers)
Almost Famous September 13 2000 (co-production with Columbia Pictures)
Meet the Parents October 6 2000 (co-production with Universal Studios)
The Contender October 13 2000 (co-production with Cinerenta Medienbeteiligungs KG)
The Legend of Bagger Vance November 3 2000 (co-production with 20th Century Fox and Allied Filmmakers)
Cast Away December 7 2000 (co-production with 20th Century Fox and ImageMovers)
An Everlasting Piece December 25 2000 (co-production with Columbia Pictures)
The Mexican March 2 2001 (co-production with Newmarket Films)
Evolution June 8 2001 (co-production with Columbia Pictures)
A.I. Artificial Intelligence June 26 2001 (co-production with Warner Bros.)
The Curse of the Jade Scorpion August 24 2001 (in association with VCL Communications GmbH)
The Last Castle October 19 2001
A Beautiful Mind December 21 2001 (co-production with Universal Pictures and Imagine Entertainment)
The Time Machine March 8 2002 (remake of 1960 film) (with Warner Bros.)
Road to Perdition April 30 2002 (with 20th Century Fox)
Hollywood Ending May 3 2002
Minority Report June 21 2002 (co-production with 20th Century Fox and Amblin Entertainment)
The Tuxedo September 27 2002
The Ring October 18 2002
Catch Me If You Can December 25 2002
Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron May 24 2002
Paycheck January 16 2003 (co-production with Paramount Pictures)
Biker Boyz January 31 2003
Old School February 21 2003
Head of State March 28 2003
Millennium Actress July 21 2003 (Go Fish Pictures division)
Anything Else August 27 2003
The Cat in the Hat November 21 2003 (co-production with Universal Studios and Imagine Entertainment)
House of Sand and Fog December 26 2003
Seabiscuit July 25 2003 (co-production with Universal Studios and Spyglass Entertainment)
Win a Date with Tad Hamilton! January 23 2004
Eurotrip February 20 2004
Envy April 30 2004 (with Columbia Pictures and Castle Rock Entertainment)
The Stepford Wives June 11 2004 (remake of 1975 film) (co-production with Paramount Pictures)
The Terminal June 18 2004
Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy July 9 2004
Collateral August 6 2004 (with Paramount Pictures)
Surviving Christmas October 22 2004
Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events December 17 2004 (co-production with Paramount Pictures and Nickelodeon Movies)
Meet the Fockers December 22 2004 (co-production with Universal Studios)
The Ring Two March 18 2005
War of the Worlds June 29 2005 (co-production with Paramount Pictures and Amblin Entertainment)
The Island July 22 2005 (with Warner Bros.)
Red Eye August 19 2005
The Chumscrubber August 26 2005 (distribution by Go Fish Pictures division)
Just like Heaven September 16 2005


Paramount

Title Release Date Year Notes
The Prize Winner of Defiance, Ohio September 28 2005 (co-production with Revolution Studios)
Dreamer October 7 2005
Memoirs of a Geisha December 9 2005 (co-production with Columbia Pictures and Spyglass Entertainment)
Munich December 23 2005 (co-production with Universal Pictures, Amblin Entertainment and Alliance Atlantismarker)
Match Point December 28 2005 (co-production with BBC Films)
She's the Man March 17 2006 (with Lakeshore Entertainment)
The Last Kiss September 15 2006 (distribution only) (with Lakeshore Entertainment)
Flags of Our Fathers October 20 2006 (with Warner Bros.)
Dreamgirls December 15 2006 (with Paramount Pictures)
Letters from Iwo Jima December 20 2006 (with Warner Bros.)
Perfume: The Story of a Murderer December 27 2006 (distribution only, produced by Constantin Film)
Norbit February 8 2007
Blades of Glory March 30 2007 (with MTV Films)
Disturbia April 13 2007
Transformers July 2 2007 (with Paramount Pictures)
The Heartbreak Kid October 5 2007
Things We Lost in the Fire October 19 2007
The Kite Runner December 14 2007 (with Paramount Vantage)
Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street December 21 2007 (with Warner Bros.)
The Ruins April 4 2008 (co-produced with Spyglass Entertainment and Red Hour Films)
Tropic Thunder August 8 2008 (co-produced with Red Hour films)
Ghost Town September 19 2008 (co-produced with Spyglass Entertainment)
Eagle Eye September 26 2008
Revolutionary Road December 26 2008 (co-produced with Paramount Vantage and BBC Films)
Hotel for Dogs January 16 2009 (with Nickelodeon Movies)
The Uninvited January 30 2009 (co-production with Paramount Pictures)
I Love You, Man March 20 2009
The Soloist April 24 2009 (co-produced with Working Title Films, Universal Pictures and Participant Productions)
Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen June 24 2009 (co-production with Paramount Pictures)
Paranormal Activity September 25 2009 (with Paramount Pictures)
The Lovely Bones December 11 2009 (co-production with FilmFour)


Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures

Title Release Date Year Notes
A Thousand Words 2010
Hard 10 March 12 2010
Wild Story June 12 2010 (co-production with Spyglass Entertainment)
Cowboys & Aliens June 24 2011 (with Universal Pictures and Imagine Entertainment)


TV series and specials

Musical artists

Computer/Video games

Animations

References

  1. DreamWorks SKG All Time Box Office Results
  2. AFP: DreamWorks, India's Reliance Sign Major Deal, AFP, September 21, 2008
  3. Variety: Disney signs deal with DreamWorks Company will handle distribution for films, Variety, February 09, 2009
  4. Stark, Phyllis, "Toby Keith topped country charts, shook up Music Row," Billboard magazine, December 24, 2005, p. YE-18.
  5. DVD: doom, gloom or boom?, CNN
  6. 'Island' Could Sink DreamWorks Sale, Fox News
  7. Paramount, DreamWorks agree to deal - Dec. 12, 2005
  8. Viacom to Sell Paramount Pictures' DreamWorks Film Library For $900 Million
  9. Viacom to Sell DreamWorks Film Library. Associated Press. March 18, 2006. Retrived on 07/20/2009.
  10. DreamWorks considers indie future
  11. DreamWorks, Reliance close deal
  12. [1]
  13. Annie Awards: Legacy – 35th Annual Annie Awards


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