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DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. ( ) is an Americanmarker animation studio which primarily produce a series of commercially successful computer animated films, including Shrek, Shark Tale, Madagascar, Over the Hedge, Bee Movie, Kung Fu Panda, Monsters vs Aliens, and How to Train Your Dragon. Although the studio had made traditionally animated films about serious subjects, most of their computer-generated films have now gained the studio a reputation for being more centered around popular culture and satire in their storylines. The studio was formed by the merger of the feature animation division of DreamWorksmarker and Pacific Data Images (PDI). Originally formed under the banner of DreamWorks SKG, it was spun-off into a separate public company in 2004.

They are currently distributed only through Paramount Pictures (in turn owned by Viacom) who acquired the rest of DreamWorks SKG in February 2006. DreamWorks Animation maintains two studios: the original DreamWorks feature animation studio in Glendale, Californiamarker and the PDI studio in Redwood City, Californiamarker.

History

1994–2003

On October 12, 1994, DreamWorks SKG was formed and founded by a trio of entertainment players, director and producer Steven Spielberg, music executive David Geffen, and former Disney executive Jeffrey Katzenberg. DreamWorks signed a co-production deal with Pacific Data Images to form subsidiary PDI, LLC (PDI owned 60% of PDI, LLC while DreamWorks SKG owned 40%). Pacific Data Images was founded by Carl Rosendahl in 1980 with a small loan from his father. In 1982, he was joined by Richard Chuang and Glenn Entis, who wrote the foundation of the in-house computer animation software that was to be used for the next two decades. During the 1980s, PDI created many animated logos and commercials for television for companies like NBC and Sky Movies. They shifted into motion picture visual effects beginning in 1991 with a contribution to Terminator 2: Judgment Day. The new unit would produce computer-generated feature films beginning with Antz in 1998. In the same year DreamWorks SKG produced The Prince of Egypt using traditional animation techniques.

In 2000, DreamWorks SKG created a new business division, DreamWorks Animation, that would regularly produce both types of animated feature films. All four traditionally animated feature films were produced by the division's Southern California branch. DreamWorks SKG acquired majority interest (90%) in PDI, reforming it into PDI/DreamWorks, the Northern California branch of its new business division. The business division separated from its parent in 2004, forming DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. and purchasing the remaining interest in PDI as well as its subsidiary PDI, LLC.

2004–2008

From 2004 to 2008, the studio is dedicated solely to producing CG animated films in-house and has committed itself to make 2 computer-animated feature films a year. No more traditional 2D animation is expected.

DreamWorks Animation also had a partnership with Aardman Animations, a stop-motion animation company in Bristol, England. This partnership had DreamWorks participating in the production of stop-motion films in Bristol, and also had Aardman participating in some of the CG films made in the US. This partnership ended after the release of Flushed Away in November 2006; the announcement was made before the film's release, on October 3, citing "creative differences" as the reason.

The logo, adapted from the parent studio's logo, consists of a boy fishing on the moon, against a backdrop of the daytime sky albeit with more colorful lettering. The soundtrack of this logo was originally an adaptation of the DreamWorks theme; however, following the global success of Shrek in 2001, this became a shortened adaptation of True Love's First Kiss (the Love Theme from the Shrek soundtrack), composed by John Powell.

Employees at DreamWorks get to enjoy breakfast and lunch for free, a perk not found at many other companies. In 2009, the studio made the list of Fortune Magazine's best 100 companies to work for, at number 47. This is its first year on the list.

2009–present

Starting with Monsters vs. Aliens released on March 27, 2009, DreamWorks Animation is now making 3-D animated films, with the help of InTru3D.

On May 22, 2009, DreamWorks Animation announced that 9 feature films will be released over the next 3 years:



Partnerships

DreamWorks Animation has an on-going partnership with HP, and the studio exclusively uses HP workstations and servers. In 2005, AMD signed a 3 year deal to provide processors to the studio. This relationship ended in 2008, and Dreamworks announced that they will use Intel processors for future productions.

see also InTru3D

Board of Directors

The PDI/DreamWorks Studio in Redwood City, California


The following executives are on the DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc. Board of Directors:

  • Roger Enrico, Chairman of DreamWorks Animation SKG Inc.
  • Jeffrey Katzenberg, Chief Executive Officer of DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc./Co-Founder of DreamWorks.
  • Lew Coleman, President of DreamWorks Animation SKG, Inc.
  • Mellody Hobson, President of Ariel Capital Management
  • Nathan Myhrvold, Chief Executive Officer of Intellectual Ventures
  • Richard Sherman, CEO of The David Geffen Company
  • Karl von der Heyden, retired Vice Chairman and Chief Financial Officer of Pepsico, Inc.
  • Judson Green, President and Chief Executive Officer of NAVTEQ
  • Michael Montgomery, President of Montgomery & Co.
  • Thomas E. Freston, former CEO of Viacom
  • Harry (Skip) Brittenham, Director


Films and series

Traditionally-animated films

Note: All traditionally animated films were made at the Glendale studio.

Film Year Budget Worldwide Gross
The Prince of Egypt 1998 $70,000,000 $218,613,188
The Road to El Dorado 2000 $95,000,000 $76,432,727
Joseph: King of Dreams 2000 N/A (direct-to-video)
Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron 2002 $80,000,000 $122,563,539
Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas 2003 $60,000,000 $80,767,884


Stop-motion films

Note: Both stop-motion animated films were produced by Aardman Animations.

Film Year Worldwide Gross
Chicken Run 2000 $224,834,564
Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit 2005 $192,610,372


Computer-animated films

Note: Only one computer-animated film was produced by Aardman.

Film Year Budget Worldwide Gross
Antz 1998 $105,000,000 $171,757,863
Shrek 2001 $60,000,000 $484,409,218
Shrek 2 2004 $150,000,000 $919,838,758
Shark Tale 2004 $75,000,000 $367,275,019
Madagascar 2005 $75,000,000 $532,680,671
Over the Hedge 2006 $100,000,000 $335,206,062
Flushed Away

2006 $149,000,000 $175,319,242
Shrek the Third 2007 $160,000,000 $794,561,223
Bee Movie 2007 $150,000,000 $287,076,833
Kung Fu Panda 2008 $130,000,000 $631,908,951
Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa 2008 $150,000,000 $602,308,178
Monsters vs. Aliens 2009 $175,000,000 $379,882,019


Upcoming computer Animated Films



TV specials



Short films



Traditionally-animated television series



Computer-animated television series



Sources



References

  1. "Splitsville for DreamWorks and Aardman?"; Ryan Ball (October 03, 2006) - Animation Magazine
  2. "100 Best Companies to Work For"; (February 2, 2009) - Fortune
  3. "A new No. 1 best employer"; Christopher Tkaczyk (January 22, 2009) - Fortune
  4. "Intel replaces AMD as DreamWorks Animation supplier"; (July 09, 2008) - Los Angeles Times.
  5. DreamWorks Animation SKG Inc. Board of Directors - BuisnessWeek
  6. "'Kung Fu Panda' bears 3-D sequel"; Tatiana Siegel (October 1, 2008) - Variety.
  7. http://www.kansascity.com/entertainment/movies/story/1495969.html
  8. Kung Fu Panda: The Series Coming to Nickelodeon
  9. Nickelodeon Orders Monsters vs. Aliens Television Pilot


External links




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