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The Duchy of Lucca was an Italianmarker state existing from 1815 to 1847. It was centered on the city of Luccamarker.

The Duchy was formed in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna, out of the former Republic of Lucca and the Principality of Lucca, which had been ruled by Elisa Bonaparte. It was created to compensate the House of Bourbon-Parma for the loss of the Duchy of Parma, which had been given to Marie Louise of Austria.

In 1817, Maria Louisa of Spain, the former Queen of Etruria, assumed the government of Lucca. She was also the mother of Charles Louis, the Bourbon heir to Parma. This followed the Treaty of Paris , which confirmed both her sovereign status in Lucca, and her son's status as heir to Parma in succession to Marie Louise.

After Maria Louisa's death in 1824, Charles Louis assumed the government of the Duchy.

In 1847 Marie Louise died. Charles succeeded to the Duchy of Parma, and left Lucca, which was annexed by the Grand Duchy of Tuscany.

Flag

From 1815 to 1818, the flag of Lucca was yellow and red horizontal stripes. From 7 November, 1818, to 1847 the flag was white, with Maria Luisa's coat of arms and the yellow–red flag in the canton.

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