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Dugald Drummond (1 January 1840—8 November 1912) was a Scottish steam locomotive engineer. He had a career with the North British Railway, LB&SCR, Caledonian Railway and London and South Western Railway. He was the brother of the engineer Peter Drummond.

He was a major locomotive designer and builder and many of his London and South Western Railway engines continued in main line service with the Southern Railway to enter British Railways service in 1947.


Drummond was born in Ardrossanmarker, Ayrshiremarker on 1 January 1840. His father was permananent way inspector for the Bowling Railway. Drummond was apprenticed to Forest & Barr of Glasgowmarker gaining further experience on the Dumbartonshire and Caledonian Railways. He was in charge of the boiler shop at the Canada Works, Birkenheadmarker of Thomas Brassey before moving to the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway's Cowlairs railway works in 1864 under Samuel W. Johnson.

He became foreman erector at the Lochgorm Worksmarker, Invernessmarker, of the Highland Railway under William Stroudley and followed Stroudley to the London Brighton and South Coast Railway's Brighton Worksmarker in 1870. In 1875 he was appointed locomotive superintendent of the North British Railway.

Tay bridge disaster

Original Tay Bridge from the north
Fallen Tay Bridge from the north
Drummond was involved as an expert witness in the Tay Bridge disastermarker of 1879, being called to give evidence about the state of the track after the disaster. Although Ladybank, a 0-4-2 locomotive of Drummond's design, had been booked to work the train it had broken down and was replaced by a 4-4-0 from Thomas Wheatley, thus freeing Drummond to act as an independent witness. He said that the entire train had fallen vertically down when the High girders collapsed, from the impact marks the wheels had made on the lines. All the axles of the train were bent in one direction. The evidence helped disprove Thomas Bouch's theory that the train had been blown off the rails by the storm that night.

Further career

In 1882 he moved to the Caledonian Railway. In April 1890 he tendered his resignation to enter business, establishing the Australasian Locomotive Engine Works at Sydneymarker, New South Walesmarker, Australia. The scheme failed rapidly and he returned to Scotlandmarker, founding the Glasgow Railway Engineering Company. Although the business was moderately successful, Drummond accepted the post as locomotive engineer of the London and South Western Railway in 1895, at a salary considerably less than that he had received on the Caledonian Railway. The title of his post was changed to Chief Mechanical Engineer in January 1905, although his duties hardly changed. He remained with the LSWR until his death.

Drummond died on 8 November 1912 aged 72 at his home at Surbitonmarker. A myth has developed that he died as a result of scalding received on the footplate. However C. Hamilton Ellis states that he had got cold and wet and demanded a hot mustard bath for his numb feet. He was scalded by the boiling water. He neglected the burns, gangrene set in and amputation became necessary. He refused an anaesthetic and died of the shock. He is buried at Brookwood Cemeterymarker, which is adjacent to the LSWR mainline, in a family grave just a stone's throw from the former terminus of the Necropolis Railwaymarker.

Locomotive designs

Preserved class M7 number 245 in LSWR livery
Drummond designed the following classes of locomotives:

North British Railway

Caledonian Railway

  • CR 0F Class 0-4-0ST

London and South Western Railway


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