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Duitama ( ) is a city and municipality in the Boyac√° department, part of the Tundama Province, a subregion of Boyaca, Colombia. It is located some 170 kilometres northeast of Bogot√°marker, the capital city of Colombiamarker and 55 kilometres northest of Tunja, the capital city of Boyaca. Duitama has existed since pre-Columbian times. According to the local oral tradition, the city was founded by the Muisca Chief Tundama. The city has a population of about 120,000 people. The elevation of the city is around 2,500 m above sea level and the average temperature is 18¬įC (65¬įF). Duitama is known as "the pearl of Boyac√°".

History

Pre-Columbian

The same as the European countries, the muiscas had an established political society[103546]; they also had religious beliefs, and an established economic system.

Before the discovery of America, Tundama (Duitama) was governed by the cacique Tundama. Nemequene (the Zaque) was the leader of the "north" and his establishment was Hunza (Tunjamarker). Though the Zaque was considered the king of the north (where Duitama is located), he did not have absolute control over the population. He was, however, considered a person of great power and a holy man.

International events

Duitama was the second city in Latin America to host the UCI Road World Championships. The first city to host that event was San Cristobalmarker, Venezuelamarker in 1977.

Gallery



Image:Pueblito boyacense2.JPG|"Pueblito Boyacense"Image:STA60015.JPG|Simón Bolívar (Plaza Libertadores)Image:STA60161.JPG|Julio César Rincón Ramirez Bullring

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