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The dulzaina is a Spanishmarker double reed instrument in the oboe family. It has a conical shape and is the equivalent of the Breton bombarde.

Many varieties of the dulzaina exist in Spain. In the Valencian Communitymarker it's known as a dolçaina or xirimita and is accompanied by a drum called the tabalet. The Catalanmarker variety of the dulzaina is called a dolçaina or gralla, and the Basquemarker variety is called a Bolin-Gozo. The term dolçaina was introduced into Catalan on the XIV Century from France (the ancient word was "douçaine").In the region of Aragonmarker, especially in the town of Huescamarker, the dulzaina is played along with gaitas de boto, regional bagpipes, and sometimes drums. The instrument was first introduce in Spain through arabic people ( The dulzaina is also heard in a large portion of the region of Castilla y Leónmarker, where it frequently has keys over the holes. The instrument is deeply rooted in the folklore of Burgosmarker, Segoviamarker, Soriamarker, in some areas of Ávilamarker, LeónandSalamancamarker, less extended in the Basque Autonomous Communitymarker and widely used in Navarremarker and La Riojamarker.

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