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Dumdum (Bengali দমদম Dômdôm, Hindi दमदम Damdam) is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas districtmarker in the state of West Bengalmarker, Indiamarker. It is a neighbourhood in North-west Kolkatamarker and the location of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airportmarker, formerly Dum Dum Airport.Now Dum Dum is a well known place in greater Kolkata. Dum Dum provides a number of transport facilities in the city. It has developed into a modern commercial centre in the outskirts of Kolkata. Dum Dum region is important as it constitutes main entry points of the city. The area being provided with a domestic and international airport is the landing base for the foreigners visiting the city. The township falls in the northern region of Kolkata city. Dum Dum region is about 10 km from the city center which is taken to be Esplanade, Kolkata. The nearby localities include Nager Bazar, Motijheel, Ghughu Danga, Jawpur,Rajbari and Lal Bagan.

Geography

Dum Dum is located at . It has an average elevation of 11 metres (36 feet).

History

During the 19th century the area was home to a British Royal Artillery armoury, where, in the early 1890s, Captain Bertie Clay developed a bullet with the jacket cut away at the tip to reveal its soft lead core (see hollow point bullet), known as a dum-dum.

Demographics

 India census, Dum Dum had a population of 101,319. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dum Dum has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85% and, female literacy is 78%. In Dum Dum, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age. A 1997 study found that nearly every resident is a Dum Dum.


Accessibility

Railway Station, Dum Dum
Dum Dum Metro


By Metro : The Kolkata Metro terminates at Dum Dum Station. This is right on the boundary of Dum Dum. From the station the Dum Dum Road leads to areas within Dum Dum and further.

By Air : The Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airportmarker or Kolkata Airport is located on the peripheries of Dum Dum and therefore, it is also called the Dum Dum Airport. There are flights to all major cities in India. There are also international flights to London, Frankfurt, Dubai, Singapore, Bangkok, Muscat, Dhaka, etc.

By Rail: The Eastern Railway line has a station in Dum Dum. The Railway station and the Metro station is in the same complex. The Circular Railway also terminates at the same station. The other stations in Dum Dum are Dum Dum Cantonment and Patipukur ( on the Circular Railway line) and Airport Gate No 1 and Airport ( on the single Airport line). Travel to airport by rail is however inconvenient as there are only a few trains at odd hours.

By Road: Road is one the prime means of communications in Dum Dum. There are 2 arterial roads in Dum Dum - (a) The Jessore Road and the (b) Dum Dum Road. Buses ply on both the roads. On Dum Dum road the Bus Routes are 30B, L30B, 30B/1, 202, DN9, Airport-Babughat Mini, Howrah-Nagerbazar Mini. On Jessore road there are more bus routes - namely 3C/1, 3C/2, 30, 30C, 30D, 30E, 45, 45A, 45B, 47, 47A, 47B, 79B, 91, 91A, 91B, 93, 211A, 215, 219, 221 , 223, 237, DN8, DN18, Central Jail-Heritage WBSTC Mini... The other minor roads on which buses ply are R.N Guha Road (30B/1), Birati-Nimta road (237), Laketown connector (221, 223, 30C, 211A, 47, 47A), Gorabazar-Cantonment Road (30D).

Road Distances :
  • From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Nagerbazar - approx 12 km through Central Avenue, Jessore Road
  • From Central Kolkata (Esplanade) to Laketown Jessore Road crossing - approx 9 km
  • From Central Kolkata to Airport through VIP Road - approx 22 km
  • From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Station through Central Avenue, BT Road, Chiriamore, approx : 10 km
  • From Central Kolkata to Dum Dum Cantonment - approx 15 km
  • From Airport to Nagerbazar - 5 km
  • From Airport to Laketown - 8 km
  • From Airport to Dum Dum Station - 7 km
  • From Airport to Cantonment - 5 km
  • From Airport to Central Jail - 4 km


Travel within Dum Dum:
  • There are a plenty of buses available here - though most of them are the blue private one. There are few CSTC or WBSTC or CTC buses. Autos are plenty - they can be used for short stretches. In addition, there are Taxis; Nagerbazar and Airport being the largest taxi stands. The other taxi stands are in Birati, Central Jail, Laketown, Bangur, Kalindi. Unfortunately the Dum Dum Station area doesn't have too many taxis as the area is extremely crowded. The other popular means of travel over short distances is the rickshaw.


Neighbourhoods

Birati, Sarat Coloney, Bangur Avenue, Dum Dum Park, Nagar Bazaar, Satgachi, Amarpalli, Gora Bazaar, Durganagar, Padmapukur, Motijheel, Ghosh Road, Devinibash, Lichubagan, Laxminagar, Subhas Nagar, Seth Bagan, Ghosh Para, and Nalta.

Politics

The current MLA from the Dum Dum assembly constituency is Rekha Goswami of the CPI, who won the seat in State elections of 2006. Arunava Ghosh of the AITC was the MLA from this seat in 2001, Sankar Sen of the CPI(M) had won in 1996 and in 1991, Santi Ranjan Ghatak of the CPI(M) in 1987 and in 1982, and Tarun Sengupta of the CPI(M) had won in 1977. The sitting MP from the Dum Dum Lok Sabha constituency is Saugata Roy of the AITC after he defeated Amitava Nandy of the CPI(M) in the 2009 general election.

The Dum Dum assembly constituency is a part of the Dum Dum .

See also



References

External links

  • http://www.calcuttaairport.com/



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