Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy
(born February 5, 1924) is an Indian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
emeritus of the Congregation for the
in the Roman
, and was elevated to the cardinalate
Note that his forename is Lourdusamy; Simon is his father's
forename; and Duraisamy is his surname or, more exactly, his
was born in the Kalleri village, Tamil Nadu, India.
studying at Loyola College in Madras, he was
ordained to the priesthood on December 21, 1951
by Archbishop Auguste-Siméon Colas, MEP, of Pondicherry and Cuddalore.
pastoral work in the Archdiocese of Pondicherry until 1962, and received a doctorate in canon law in 1956 from the
University in Rome.
served as Archdiocesan Chancellor and private secretary to Archbishop Ambrose
Rayappan before being appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Bangalore and Titular Bishop of
Sozusa in Libya on July 2, 1962.
He received his
the following August 22 from Archbishop Rayappan, with Bishops
Rajarethinam Sundaram and Daniel Arulswamy serving as co-consecrators
. Lourdusamy later attended the
Second Vatican Council
(1962-1965). On November 9, 1964, he was made the Coadjutor Archbishop
of Bangalore, and then
succeeded Thomas Pothacamury as Archbishop on January 11, 1968. He
left India to serve in the Curial
the Evangelization of Peoples
in March 1971, and resigned as
Archbishop of Bangalore on April 30
Lourdusamy was appointed Secretary of the Evangelization of Peoples
and Vice Chancellor of the Urbaniana University on February 26,
Pope John Paul II
Lourdusamy Cardinal Deacon
Maria delle Grazie
alle Fornaci fuori Porta Cavalleggeri
in the consistory
of May 25, 1985; he is the first
to be raised to the rank of
cardinal. Lourdusamy was named Prefect of the
Congregation for the Oriental Churches
on the following
, and later resigned the post
on May 24, 1991. He became Cardinal Protodeacon
Cardinal Deacon) on April 5, 1993, and served as a special papal legate
to the funeral of Mother Teresa
on September 13, 1997. On April
5, 1993 was appointed protodeacon. He chose to become a Cardinal Priest
on January 29,
- He is a brother of the priest and theologian Durasaimy Simon Amalorpavadass.