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Dux (also known as Duks or Dooks) was a bicycle/automobile/aircraft factory in Moscowmarker, Russiamarker before and during World War I. The factory was founded in 1893. The name comes from the latin word dux (leader). Y. A. Meller was owner of the factory which was primarily focused on the building of Frenchmarker aircraft designs. " Dooks is also Irish Gaelic for Sand-dunes, a rare surname meaning 'keeper of ducks', a Scottish architectural term and also Scottish term for dunking underwater. The factory is still active now, stays at it's historical place and was returned its original name several years ago. However, the company is now focused at air-to-air missiles production and some aircraft sub-components. The aircraft production arm was separated from the factory in early 1920-th. It is also active, situated at it's historical place at Central Moscow airfield and is named RAC MIG Production Complex #2 (also known as OSOAVIAKHIM Plant #1, Menjinski Plant #39, Plant #30, Moscow mashinebuilding plant "Znamya Truda", Moscow Aircraft Production Organization MAPO named after Dementiev).

Pre-WWI Aircraft

The majority of types built by Dooks were French and other western aircraft designs. The first aircraft made was a licensed Farman IV with ENV engine, which made its first flight on August 18, 1910. From there, in addition to copies, some improvements were designed for existing models. The first of these was a Farman VII in 1912 with some improvements that was put into production. A more ambitious project was the Dux Meller I which combined a Bleriot main fuselage with a Farman XV nacelle added, all driven by a 100 hp Gnome-Rhone in pusher configuration. A modified Farman XVI was later produced under the name Dux Meller II and flown in 1913. The following Dux Meller III was a failed attempt to produce a single-engine twin-propeller chain-driven monoplane. Further work went into the Dux No 2 but this was also a failure. While engineering continued on a new twin engine pusher, in the end the factory's primary activity was construction of western designs.

Summary of aircraft built by Anatra
Model name First flight Number built Type
Dooks Meller I
Dooks Meller II 1913
Dooks Meller III
Dooks No 2


WWI Aircraft

Dux produced Voisin LAS, Neuport 17, Neuport 24, Farman XXX.

Also - a large number of military bicycles.

1920-1930th

After October Revolution the plant was named "Aircraft plant #1 named after OSOAVIAKHIM".

Farmans and Neuports were left in the production.

Polikarpov became the chief designer in the late 1920-th.

Production models include I-5, I-15, I-15bis, I-153, I-16, R-5, R-Zet

Second World War

Plant #1 produced MiG-3 before evacuation in October 1941. Plant #39 produced DB-3F before evacuation in October 1941.

After production recovery: Plant #30 produced IL-2, Plant #381 produced La-5 and later La7.

Post-war period

Plant #381 produced Il-12, small series of I-250, first 75 of MiG-15. In 1949-50 two neighbour plants were united into Plant #30. The production of Il-28 begin. After this the following aircrafts produced: Su-9, Yak-25, Il-14, Il-18 with modifications, MiG-21, MiG-23.

21th century

MiG-29 in production. Civil programs include MiG-AT, T-101, T-411, Aviatika MAI-890.

References



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