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Easy Company, 2nd Battalion, of the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 4th Brigade combat team of the 101st Airborne Division a.k.a. "Screaming Eagles" is one of the most well-known companies in the United States Army because their experiences in World War II are the subject of the HBO miniseries Band of Brothers, based on the book of the same name by historian Stephen Ambrose. In 2009, twenty of the last few remaining survivors from Easy Company recounted their stories in the oral-history book project, We Who Are Alive and Remain: untold stories from the Band of Brothers.

History

The 506th PIR was an experimental Airborne Regiment created in 1942 at Camp Toccoa, Georgia. Easy Company missions were to be dropped from a C-47 Transport Airplane over various hostile territories. The units would parachute from the aircraft, and regroup once they had landed. The purpose of an experimental parachute regiment was to gain tactical advantage over the enemy; also as a fast access to wherever the unit needed to be mobilized.

The training for Easy Company was not an easy task. Besides attending the standard Airborne school, the unit had to perform battle drills and excruciating amounts of physical training. One of the more famous exercises performed physical training was the running of Curraheemarker. Currahee was a large, steep hill, up which the men of Easy Company had to run on a regular basis.

Also as part of their physical training, the members of Easy Company performed formation runs. Formation runs are formed into three-four column running groups. The purpose of this training was to first push the soldiers to their limits, and also to teach them how to work together as a team.

Missions/Operations

Operation Overlord (D-Day)

Operation Overlord is the most well known Allied Forces invasion during World War Two. The mission of Easy Company was to be deployed from an airbase located in England, and be dropped over the area of Normandy, France. From there, their mission was to destroy German positions so that the Allied beach-front invasion could take place with a limited amount of Allied casualties.The troops were dropped into France at the early hours of the morning on June 6, 1944. This was to keep the deployment unnoticed to the Germans, and to keep the airplanes safe from anti-aircraft fire. Their mission was to spearhead the invasion of the beaches of Normandy. After grouping together, the men of Easy Company disabled a German batterymarker on D-day that threatened forces coming from Utah Beachmarker.

Eindhoven, Holland

Easy Company was assigned to support the British forces in Arnhemmarker, by defending the roads so that the British armoured Divisions could successfully move into Arnhem and force a crossing over the major Rhine Bridge in that city. The battle of the British forces to keep control of the Arnhem occurred during September 1944.The story of the ill-fated Market Garden operation is told in the book and movie A Bridge Too Far. The battle ended with the surrender of British troops to the German Army. The immediate cause of the British defeat was the presence of powerful SS Armoured units in the immediate vicinity of Arnhem, however the underlying cause was the flawed assumption upon which Market Garden was based. As described in A Bridge Too Far, the plan of capturing a single road and bridges and then shuttling armoured units along it from Belgium to the Rhine was impossible to achieve. The logistical and tactical problems of attacking Arnhem from Nijmegen with armoured forces were actually pre-war Dutch Staff College major assessment tasks. Montgomery chose to use a plan containing the one solution that would have caused the students to fail if they had proposed it. The Dutch understood all too well that many stretches of the main road were, and are still, causeways across marshes and a well sited mine or anti-tank gun could clog the road for hours. Later, the Canadian Army regained control over the city.

Ardennes Forest and Bastogne, Belgium

During the months of December 1944 to January 1945, Easy Company and the rest of the 101st Airborne Division fought in Belgium in the Battle of the Bulge. The 101st was in France in December when the Germans launched their offensive in the Ardennes. They were met head on by retreating battle-shocked men into and through Belgium. They were told to hold the vital cross-roads at Bastognemarker and were soon encircled by the Germans. Easy Company fought during this period in cold weather, coming under German artillery fire. The soldiers had to make do without winter clothing and with limited rations and ammunition. The Allied Forces successfully turned the offensive around, and from this mission, Easy Company and the rest of the 506th PIR moved into Germany. To this day no person in the 101st has ever said that they needed to be "rescued" (as General Patton said when he rolled into Bastogne with his tanks).

Occupation duties

Towards the end of the war, Easy Company was assigned to the occupation duty in Germany, specifically to Berchtesgadenmarker, which was home to Adolf Hitler’s famous Eagle's Nestmarker. Following Berchtesgaden, Easy Company moved in to Austria for occupational duties. The company mostly attended to various patrols, awaiting the end of the war.

Easy Company and the rest of the 506th PIR was disbanded in November 1945, and was reactivated in 1954, as a training unit.

Personnel

Higher Authorities



Commanding Officers

Richard Winters in 2004.
In order of Commanding Easy.


Other Officers

  • Captain Jack Edward Foley (18 August 1922 - 14 September 2009)
  • First Lieutenant Robert B. "Skin" Brewer
  • First Lieutenant Lynn D. "Buck" Compton (b. 31 December 1921)
  • First Lieutenant Roy P. Gates (b. 25 July 1921)
  • First Lieutenant George Lavenson (d. July 1944)
  • First Lieutenant Henry "Hank" Jones
  • First Lieutenant Sterling W. Horner (12 July 1926 - 13 February 2001)
  • First Lieutenant Robert I. Matthews (d. 6 June 1944)
  • First Lieutenant Thomas A. Peacock
  • First Lieutenant John E. Pisancin
  • First Lieutenant Robert Rousch
  • First Lieutenant Raymond G. Schmitz (d. 22 September 1944)
  • First Lieutenant Edward David Shames (b. 13 June 1922)
  • First Lieutenant JB Stokes (b. 1922)
  • First Lieutenant Harry F. "Welshy" Welsh (27 September 1918 – 21 January 1995)
  • Second Lieutenant James L. Diel (1922 - 19 September 1944)
  • Second Lieutenant Clifford Carwood "Lip" Lipton (30 January 1920 - 16 December 2001)


Members

In order of ranking, if ranking the same, alphabetical using last name.
  • First Sergeant William S. Evans (d. 6 June 1944)
  • First Sergeant Floyd M. "Tab" Talbert (26 August 1923 - 18 October 1981)
  • Technical Sergeant Donald G. Malarkey (b. 31 July 1921)
  • Staff Sergeant Charles E. "Chuck" Grant (1922 - 1985)
  • Staff Sergeant William J. "Wild Bill" Guarnere (b. 28 April 1923)
  • Staff Sergeant John W. "Johnny" Martin (12 May 1922 - 26 January 2005)
  • Staff Sergeant Darrell C. "Shifty Powers (13 March 1923 - 17 June 2009)
  • Staff Sergeant Murray B. Roberts (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Staff Sergeant Frank Joseph Soboleski (b. 18 June 1925)
  • Staff Sergeant Joseph J. "Joe" Toye (14 March 1919 - 3 September 1995)
  • Sergeant James H. "Moe" Alley, Jr. (20 July 1922 - 14 March 2008)
  • Sergeant Leo D. Boyle (6 October 1913 - 22 December 1997)
  • Sergeant Gordon F. Carson (5 August 1923 - 31 October 2005)
  • Sergeant Burton Pat Christenson (23 July 1922- 15 December 1999)
  • Sergeant Forrest Leroy "Goodie" Guth (6 February 1921 - 9 August 2009)
  • Sergeant Herman E. "Hack" Hanson (d. 1980s)
  • Sergeant Walter L. "Black Jack" Hendrix (20 December 1924 - 15 February 2000)
  • Sergeant William F. Kiehn (1921 - 10 February 1945)
  • Sergeant Warren H. "Skip" Muck (31 January 1922 - 10 January 1945)
  • Sergeant Elmer L. Murray Jr (1921 - 6 June 1944)
  • Sergeant Richard E. Owen (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Sergeant Robert J. Rader
  • Sergeant Denver "Bull" Randleman (20 November 1920 - 26 June 2003)
  • Sergeant Myron "Mike" Ranney (21 November 1922 - 23 September 1988)
  • Sergeant Carl N. Riggs (1920 - 6 June 1944)
  • Sergeant Paul C. "Buck" Rogers (b. 12 July 1918)
  • Sergeant Wayne A. "Skinny" Sisk (4 March 1922- 13 July 1999)
  • Sergeant Roderick G. Strohl (b. 1922)
  • Sergeant Amos J. "Buck" Taylor (b. September 1918)
  • Sergeant Edward J. Tipper (b. 3 August 1921)
  • Technician Fourth Class George Luz, Sr. (17 June 1921 - 15 October 1998)
  • Technician Fourth Class Frank J. "Perco" Perconte (b. 10 March 1917)
  • Technician Fourth Class Carl C. Sawosko (24 November 1920 - 13 January 1945)
  • Technician Fourth Class Benjamin J. Stoney (1921 - 6 June 1944)
  • Corporal William Dukeman Jr. (3 September 1922 - 5 October 1944)
  • Corporal Walter Scott "Smokey" Gordon, Jr. (15 April 1920 - 19 April 1997)
  • Corporal "A.P." Herron (d. 13 January 1945)
  • Corporal Donald B. "Hoob" Hoobler (June 1923 - 10 January 1945)
  • Corporal Earl Ervin "One Lung" McClung (b. 27 April 1923)
  • Corporal Francis "Frank" J. Mellet (d. 13 January 1945)
  • Technician Fifth Class Herman F. Collins (12 July 1924 - 6 June 1944)
  • Technician Fifth Class Joseph D. "Joe" Liebgott (17 May 1915 - 28 June 1992)
  • Technician Fifth Class Eugene Gilbert "Gene" Roe, Sr. (17 October 1921 - 30 December 1998)
  • Technician Fifth Class Jerry A. Wentzel (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Technician Fifth Class Ralph Hansel Wimer (5 July 1921 - 6 June 1944)
  • Private First Class Maxwell M. Clark (22 June 1922 - 14 March 2008)
  • Private First Class Robert Van Klinken (1919 - 20 September 1944)
  • Private First Class Gerald J. Loraine
  • Private First Class Alex M. Penkala, Jr. (1924 - 10 January 1945)
  • Private First Class Edwin E. "Doc" Pepping (b. 4 July 1922)
  • Private First Class David Kenyon "Web" Webster (2 June 1922 - 9 September 1961)
  • Private First Class Henry Charles "Hank" Zimmerman (b. 26 March 1925)
  • Private First Class William T. Miller (d. 20 September 1944)
  • Private Albert "Al" Blithe (25 June 1923 - 17 December 1967)
  • Private Roy W. Cobb (18 June 1914 - January 1990)
  • Private Rudolph Dittrich (3 January 1927 - February 1975)
  • Private Joseph Dominguez
  • Private George Elliot (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Private Bradford C. Freeman (b. 1925)
  • Private Antonio "Tony" Garcia (17 January 1925 - 18 August 2005)
  • Private Everett J. Gray (d. 8 June 1944)
  • Private Terrence C. Harris (d. 18 June 1944)
  • Private Lester A. "Leo" Hashey (23 February 1925 - 11 December 2002)
  • Private Harold G. Hayes (d. December 1944)
  • Private Edward James "Babe" Heffron (b. 16 May 1923)
  • Private Richard J. Hughes (d. 9 January 1945)
  • Private Eugene E. Jackson (1925 - 15 February 1945)
  • Private John A. Janovec (d. May 1945)
  • Private Edward J. Joint (b. 18 February 1923)
  • Private Joseph M. Jordan (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Private John T. Julian (d. 1 January 1945)
  • Private Paul E. "Frenchy" Lamoureux (19 May 1925 - 15 January 2005)
  • Private Joseph A. "Joe" Lesniewski (b. 29 August 1920)
  • Private Clarence O. "Clancy" Lyall (b. 14 October 1925)
  • Private Edward "Eddie" A. Mauser (b. 18 December 1916)
  • Private William T. McGonigal Jr (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Private Vernon J. Menze (10 September 1924 - 20 September 1944)
  • Private William S. Metzler (1922 - June 1944)
  • Private James W. Miller (1923 - 20 September 1944)
  • Private John N. Miller (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Private Alton Moore (22 April 1920 - July 1958)
  • Private Sergio G. Moya (1921 - 6 June 1944)
  • Private Patrick H. Neill (1926 - 13 January 1945)
  • Private Ernest I. Oats (1921 - 6 June 1944)
  • Private Patrick S. O’Keefe (3 April 1926 - 8 February 2003)
  • Private Philip P. Perugini (b. 1922)
  • Private Cleveland O. Petty (19 May 1924 - March 1961)
  • Private John Plesha, Jr.
  • Private Joseph Ramirez
  • Private John E. Shindell (1925 - 13 January 1945)
  • Private Gerald B. Snider (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Private Ralph Francis Spina (5 October 1919 - 11 April 2007)
  • Private Elmer I. Telstad (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Private Herbert J. Suerth, Jr. (b. 28 October 1924)
  • Private Allen E. Vest
  • Private Thomas W. Warren (d. 6 June 1944)
  • Private Kenneth J. Webb (d. 13 January 1945)
  • Private Harold D. Webb (d. 13 January 1945)
  • Private William T. "Bill" Wingett (b. July 1922)
  • Private Robert E. "Popeye" Wynn (10 July 1921 - March 2000)


See also



External links




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