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Earl of Carysfort was a title in the Peerage of Ireland. It was created in 1789 for the John Proby, 2nd Baron Carysfort. The Proby family descended from Sir Peter Proby, Lord Mayor of London in 1652. His great-great-grandson John Proby represented Huntingdonshire and Stamford in the House of Commonsmarker. His son and namesake John Proby was a Whig politician and notably served as a Lord of the Admiralty. In 1752 he was raised to the Peerage of Ireland as Baron Carysfort, of Carysfort in the County of Wicklow. He was succeeded by his son, the second Baron. He was also a politician and was created Earl of Carysfort in the Peerage of Ireland in 1789. In 1801 he was further honoured when he was made Baron Carysfort, of the Hundred of Norman Cross in the County of Huntingdon, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him a seat in the British House of Lordsmarker. His eldest son and heir apparent, William Proby, Lord Proby, predeceased him.

Lord Carysfort was therefore succeeded by his second son, the second Earl. He was a General in the Army. He died unmarried and was succeeded by his younger brother, the third Earl. He was an Admiral in the Royal Navy. On his death the titles passed to his second but eldest surviving son, the fourth Earl. He was a Liberal politician and served as Comptroller of the Household from 1859 to 1866. He died childless and was succeeded by his younger brother, the fifth Earl. He served as Lord-Lieutenant of County Wicklow from 1890 to 1909. He was also childless and on his death in 1909 all the titles became extinct.

Lady Elizabeth Emma Proby, daughter of the third Earl, married Lord Claud Hamilton, grandson of John Hamilton, 1st Marquess of Abercorn. Their son Colonel Douglas Hamilton inherited parts of the Proby estates, including Elton Hall in Huntingdonshiremarker, and assumed by Royal license the surname of Proby in lieu of Hamilton in 1904. His son Richard George Proby was created a Baronet, of Elton Hall in the County of Huntingdon, in 1952 (see Proby Baronets).

Hugh Proby, third son of the third Earl, was the founder of Kanyaka Station in the Flinders Rangesmarker of South Australiamarker.

The Heir Apparent to the earldom used the invented courtesy title of Lord Proby.

Barons Carysfort (1752)

Earls of Carysfort (1789)


  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.

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