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Earl of Northumbria was a title in the Anglo-Danish, late Anglo-Saxon, and early Anglo-Norman period in Englandmarker. The earldom of Northumbriamarker was the successor of the ealdormanry of Bamburgh, itself the successor of an independent Bernicia. Under the Norse kingdom of York, there were earls of Deira. Eventually all Northumbria was united under the Bernician dynasty. This dynasty held onto Bernicia until 1041, but from 1016 there were other earls in York who were appointed by King Canute the Great over all Northumbria. It was itself broken up in the early Norman period and dissolved into the earldoms of Yorkmarker and Northumberlandmarker, with much land going to the prince-bishopric of Durham.

The earls were:

Vacant during the Harrying of the North until...

Vacant until Stephen was pressured by David of Scotland to grant to ...

Purchased by Hugh de Puiset, the Bishop of Durham in 1189, and held until 1191 or so.

Vacant until the First Barons' War, when the barons of Northumberland and York did homage to ...

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