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The East Midlands is one of the regions of England and consists of most of the eastern half of the traditional region of the Midlandsmarker. It encompasses the combined area of Derbyshiremarker, Leicestershiremarker, Rutlandmarker, Northamptonshiremarker, Nottinghamshiremarker and most of Lincolnshiremarker, although people often speak of the "East Midlands" with only the more urban areas of Derbyshiremarker, Leicestershiremarker and Nottinghamshiremarker in mind . The point where the three counties meet is known as Trentlockmarker. A looser definition of the East Midlands would include the City of Peterboroughmarker and Burton upon Trentmarker in Staffordshire .

Geography

The highest point in the region is Kinder Scoutmarker, in the Derbyshiremarker Peak Districtmarker at 2,088 ft (636 m). The geology of the region includes mostly limestone, and has the East Midlands Oil Provincemarker. Charnwood Forestmarker has much volcanic rock being around 600 million years old, and is a good source of granite. The centre of the East Midlands area is roughly between Binghammarker and Bottesfordmarker.

Governance

Financial funding decisions for the East Midlands (usually public construction schemes) were taken at the East Midlands Regional Assembly, based in Melton Mowbraymarker. It was not an elected chamber, but a quango. The East Midlands Development Agency is based next door to the BBC on London Road in Nottingham, and now takes all funding decisions for the East Midlands.

Population and settlement

Its main settlements are Leicestermarker, Nottinghammarker, Lincolnmarker, Derbymarker, Northamptonmarker, Mansfieldmarker, Chesterfieldmarker and Ketteringmarker. Leicester is officially the largest city in the region and the largest conurbation is the Nottingham Urban Areamarker.

Transport

Road

The M1 motorway serves all of the county towns with the exception of Lincoln. In the east, the A1marker is an important, often overcrowded route for the east-coast ports and is important for supplying much of the UK's agricultural production. The A46 follows a route which, since Roman times, provided a connection between the south west and north east of the region, although around Newark, it has difficulty coping with capacity. Since June 2009, a seventeen mile section is being dualled to make the route effectively dual carriageway between the M1 and A1. It will open in 2012. East-west routes by road in the region are essentially single-carriageway roads (A57, A52 and A47), with only the dual-carriageway A14 skirting the northern part of Northamptonshire. The dual-carriageway A43 connects the East Midlands with southern England.

Airports

East Midlands Airportmarker in North West Leicestershiremarker is situated between the three main cities of Derbymarker, Leicestermarker and Nottinghammarker. Smaller airports include Retford Gamston Airportmarker, Nottingham Airportmarker (at Tollertonmarker), Sywell Aerodromemarker, Bruntingthorpe Aerodromemarker, and Leicester Airportmarker.

Railway

Two of the north-south mainline railways serve the region, The Midland Main Line (operated by East Midlands Trains) in the west and the East Coast Mainline (operated by East Coast) in the east. Both companies operate high-speed trains to Londonmarker. The main south west-north east Cross Country Route (operated by Arriva plc) runs through Birminghammarker and Derby also the West Coast Mainline goes into Northampton and Long Buckbymarker in Northamptonshire run by London Midland and sometimes Virgin Trains call at Northampton & Chiltern Railways and First Great Western provide services to Kings Sutton in Northamptonshire on the Chiltern Main Line. East-west routes are provided by the Nottingham - Skegnessmarker, Liverpoolmarker - Norwichmarker (through Nottinghammarker), and Birmingham - Stansted Airportmarker (through Leicestermarker) routes; these last two routes are the essentially the only east-west routes in the section of England between Sheffield and London, both routes meeting at Peterborough.

Transport policy

As part of the transport planning system the Regional Assembly is under statutory requirement to produce a Regional Transport Strategy to provide long term planning for transport in the region. This involves region wide transport schemes such as those carried out by the Highways Agency and Network Rail.

Within the region the local transport authorities carry out transport planning through the use of a Local Transport Plan which outlines their strategies, policies and implementation programme. The most recent LTP is that for the period 2006-11. In the East Midlands region the following transport authorities have published their LTP online: Derbyshiremarker, Leicestershiremarker. Lincolnshiremarker, Northamptonshiremarker, Nottinghamshiremarker and Rutlandmarker U.A.. The unitary authorities of Derbymarker, Leicestermarker and Nottinghammarker have each written a joint LTP in collaboration with their respective local county councils.

History

Fox hunting is historically linked with the area
A historical basis for such an area exists in the territory of the Corieltauvi tribe. When the Romans took control of the region, they made Leicester its capital, then named Ratae Corieltauvorummarker. The region also corresponds to the later Five Burghs of the Danelawmarker, and the eastern half of the Anglian Kingdom of Mercia.. The current government office region was created in 1994.

Demographics

For teenage pregnancy rates in the region, of top-tier authorities, Nottingham has the highest rate. For council districts, Corbymarker has the highest rate. For top-tier authorities, Rutland has the lowest rate, and the lowest rate for any district in England. The council district with the lowest rate is South Northamptonshiremarker, although it has a rate higher than Rutland.

Local government

The official region consists of the following subdivisions:

Map Ceremonial county Shire county
/unitary
Districts
Derbyshiremarker 1. Derbyshire a.) High Peakmarker, b.) Derbyshire Dalesmarker, c.) South Derbyshiremarker, d.) Erewashmarker, e.) Amber Valleymarker, f.) North East Derbyshiremarker, g.) Chesterfieldmarker, h.) Bolsovermarker
2. Derbymarker U.A.
Nottinghamshiremarker 3. Nottinghamshire a.) Rushcliffemarker, b.) Broxtowemarker, c.) Ashfieldmarker, d.) Gedlingmarker, e.) Newark and Sherwoodmarker, f.) Mansfieldmarker, g.) Bassetlaw
4. Nottinghammarker U.A.
Lincolnshiremarker (part only)

5. Lincolnshire a.) Lincolnmarker, b.) North Kestevenmarker, c.) South Kestevenmarker, d.) South Hollandmarker, e.) Bostonmarker, f.) East Lindseymarker, g.) West Lindseymarker
Leicestershiremarker 6. Leicestershire a.) Charnwoodmarker, b.) Meltonmarker, c.) Harboroughmarker, d.) Oadby and Wigstonmarker, e.) Blabymarker, f.) Hinckley and Bosworthmarker, g.) North West Leicestershiremarker
7. Leicestermarker U.A.
8. Rutlandmarker
9. Northamptonshiremarker a.) South Northamptonshiremarker, b.) Northamptonmarker, c.) Daventrymarker, d.) Wellingboroughmarker, e.) Ketteringmarker, f.) Corbymarker, g.) East Northamptonshiremarker


MEPs

The East Midlands is also a five-member constituency for the European Parliamentmarker.

Economy

Manufacturing

The jet engine is built and was developed in the region
Main employers in the region include Weetabix at Burton Latimermarker. For engineering, there is Rolls-Royce in Sinfinmarker in Derby, Siemens in Lincoln, Triumph Motorcycles and Ultima Sports in Hinckleymarker, Cummins in Daventrymarker, Cosworth in Northampton, Brawn GPmarker in Brackleymarker, JCB in Foston, Derbyshiremarker, Noble in Barwellmarker, Toyota Manufacturing UK on an old airfield at Burnastonmarker, and Caterpillar has a large factory on an old airfield near Desfordmarker; the site is also used by Massey Ferguson for their spares division factory. The jet engine was first developed in the region in Lutterworthmarker, with the VTOL engine also developed at Hucknallmarker, and the first practical demonstration of radar was in Daventrymarker in 1935. DeltaRail Group is in Derby and Bombardier UK (former BREL then ABB Adtranz) is Britain's only train manufacturer left, and is in Litchurchmarker. Mountsorrelmarker has the largest granite quarry in Europe, owned by the French company, Lafarge (owned by Redland plc until 1997). BPB plc, the world's largest manufacturer of plasterboard who own British Gypsum, is based in East Leakemarker, Nottinghamshire. Artex Ltd., part of the same company, is in Ruddingtonmarker. FKI who own Brush Electrical Machines is in Loughborough, home to the United Kingdom Energy Technologies Institute. Ferodo is in Chapel-en-le-Frithmarker. Aggregate Industries is based in Bardonmarker. The north part of Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire used to have many coal mine, and there are two pits still producing in Nottinghamshire near Market Warsopmarker and Ollertonmarker; UK Coal is based in Harworthmarker. Swarfega was invented and is made by Deb in Belpermarker. Corus Tubes are in Corby. The Alumasc Group is in Burton Latimermarker. NSK Ltd. has its European headquarters in Ruddingtonmarker and a bearings factory in Newark-on-Trentmarker. AstraZeneca have their Charnwood R&D site in Loughborough, which was owned by Fisons before 1995, when it was bought by Astra.

Retail

Dr Martens and many footwear companies are based in the south of the region
Thorntons is a big employer at Alfretonmarker, and Wilkinson is at Worksopmarker. Boots is based in Lentonmarker in Nottingham, as well as the head office of Games Workshop, the producers of Warhammer miniatures, Vision Express, and the fashion company Paul Smith. The lingerie companies Gossard, Aristoc, Pretty Polly, and Berlei (formerly owned by Courtaulds) are based in Daybrookmarker. Speedo is in Bobbers Mill on the A610 near Basfordmarker. Its LZR Racer suit helped Michael Phelps win eight golds at the 2008 Olympics. It is moving to the ng2 business park on Queens Drive (near Experian) in 2010. On that site, Specsavers have their corporate eyecare and contact lens division. Three out of the four main UK opticians are sited in Nottingham. Pendragon PLC, the car dealership and the administrative HQ of Tate & Lyle (on Sherwood Park) is in Annesleymarker. Silver Spoon makes all of its demerara and brown sugar at Newark, although the Tate & Lyle site may be closing. Dunelm Mill, the furnishings company, is based in Systonmarker, as is Pukka Pies. Many footwear companies such as Shoe Zone (which bought out Stead and Simpson), are based in Leicester, as is the clothing company, Next, the photographic equipment company Jessops (both based near each other on the Braunstone Frith estate), the bookmaker Mark Jarvis, the BSS Group, National Car Rental UK, and Admiral Sportswear. The crisp company Walkers (owned by PepsiCo and the UK's biggest grocery brand) makes 10 million bags of crisps a day, using 280,000 tonnes of potatoes a year, at the biggest crisp factory in the world at Beaumont Leysmarker. Brantano Footwear UK, based in Leicester before 2002, is in Ellistown and Battleflatmarker just south of Coalvillemarker near M1 junction 22. Hammonds, the furniture company, is in Hinckley. Swizzels Matlow makes children's confectionery in New Millsmarker.
Oxo is made in Worksop
Carlsberg is brewed in Northampton; the Blacks Leisure Group (owner of Blacks and Millets) is based in Dustonmarker, to the west of the town; and there is Travis Perkins who also own Wickes. Avon Products UK is in Corbymarker. East Midlands Trains has its head office in Derby. The former East Midlands Electricity is now owned by E.ON UK (supply) and Central Networks East (distribution), since Powergen bought EME in June 1998, which is based in Castle Doningtonmarker, home of the (separate) headquarters of BMI (in Donington Hallmarker) and bmibaby. Sports Direct is based in Shirebrookmarker on an old Bolsovermarker coal mine. Sixt, the car rental firm, has its UK base in Chesterfield. United Biscuits has a main factory in Ashby-de-la-Zouchmarker where it makes its KP Snacks. Oxo and Bisto is made by Premier Foods in Worksopmarker. Catfood such as Whiskas is made in Melton Mowbraymarker by Masterfoods. Dr. Martens are made in Wellingborough, also home of Booker Group, the Cash & Carry. Topps Tiles are based in Enderby. Whitworths, the food company, is in Irthlingboroughmarker. Maclaren, the pushchair maker, is in Long Buckbymarker. There are three main distribution centres in the area at Magna Park in Leicestershire (the largest of its kind in Europe), and Brackmills and the Daventry International Railfreight Terminalmarker in Northamptonshire.

High technology

Belkin UK is in Rushdenmarker, RS Components in Corby and Pegasus Software is in Kettering. Serif Europe is in West Bridgford.

Finance

Capital One, the Virginiamarker-based credit card company, has its UK HQ in Nottingham's city centre next to the train stationmarker, and Dublinmarker-based Experian, one of two UK credit-referencing companies, was founded and has a large UK HQ to the south-west of the city, on the A453 near the River Trent. Alliance & Leicester is based in Narboroughmarker.Barclaycard is headquartered in Northampton, and Nationwide has a large administrative centre at Moulton Parkmarker. Egg Banking is on Pride Parkmarker in Derby.

Rural

Lincolnshire and Rutland are very agricultural, with much of the UK's arable crops grown in this area. Leicester's Walkers Crisps are made exclusively from potatoes grown in Lincolnshire. The RAF have many bases in this area too, with the main RAF Collegemarker at Cranwellmarker near Sleafordmarker. Interflora has its UK HQ in Sleaford. Fowler-Welch Coolchain are based in Spaldingmarker, as is the UK operation of Bakkavör (former Geest) which is the UK's largest provider of fresh prepared foods. Premier Foods have a large operation in Little Sutton near to Long Suttonmarker. Silver Spoon's Bardneymarker plant makes the market-leading Askey's dessert topping. John Deere have their UK base at Langarmarker on the Nottinghamshire/Leicestershire boundary next to the former RAF Langarmarker.

Entertainment

Skegnessmarker and the Lincolnshire coast provides seaside entertainment for many people in the East Midlands with its Butlins resort. Nottingham and Leicester are a popular night time destination (often for people outside of the East Midlands). Center Parcs UK is based in New Ollerton. The YHAmarker is based in Matlockmarker. Gala Bingo is based in Nottingham. Twycross Zoomarker is just south of Meashammarker in Leicestershire. Rockingham Motor Speedwaymarker is in Corby, and other racetracks include Donington Parkmarker and Mallory Parkmarker in Leicestershire, and Cadwell Parkmarker in Lincolnshire. Silverstone Circuitmarker hosts the British Grand Prixmarker, although the southern half of the track is outside the region. Rutland Watermarker is popular for sailing, fishing and bird-watching.

Education

University of Nottingham
There is a mixture of education across the East Midlands - mostly comprehensive secondary schools, except Lincolnshire has fifteen state grammar schools (as well as some comprehensive schools). For GCSE results, City of Nottingham schools are the worst performing, with Leicester schools a close second. Rutland (the best area for GCSEs) has one of the highest percentages of pupils (Buckinghamshire is the highest) reaching the threshold of five grades A-C (including Maths and English) in England; it is almost twice the percentage value of schools in Leicester, although the highest performing district council area is Rushcliffemarker. Leicestershire and Lincolnshire also have GCSE results above the UK average. At A level, Lincolnshire performs the best, and with schools in Nottingham, has results above the UK average; Nottingham has much better results at A level than those at GCSE on average. This describes the city quite accurately - it has the largest group of under-achieving school pupils in the East Midlands, but yet has one of the highest achieving groups of school pupils as well, giving a salient socio-economic diversity of almost chasmic proportions.

Top twenty state schools in the East Midlands (2008 A level results)



Local media

Television



Radio





Newspapers

There are several newspapers, the largest of which include:- Derby Telegraph, Derbyshire Times, Leicester Mercury, Lincolnshire Echo, Northampton Chronicle and Echo, and Nottingham Evening Post.

Magazines

There are many regional lifestyle publications, the largest and most widely read being: Life&Style Magazine, FHP Magazine, Nottinghamshire Life and City Life and County Living.

See also



References

External links




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