East Orange is a city in Essex
As of the United States 2000 Census
city had a total population of 69,824. The United States Census Bureau
2005 population estimate for East Orange was 68,190.
Orange was originally incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 4,
1863, from portions of Orange town, and was reincorporated as a city on December 9,
1899, based on the results of a referendum held two days
East Orange is located at (40.766050, -74.211699).
According to the United
States Census Bureau
, the city has a total area of
3.9 square miles (10.2 km2
), all of it
As of the census
of 2000, there were 69,824
people, 26,024 households, and 16,082 families residing in the
city. The population density
17,776.6 people per square mile (6,859.8/km2
were 28,485 housing units at an average density of
7,252.0/sq mi (2,798.5/km2
). The racial makeup of
the city was 89.46% Black
or African American
, 3.84% White
, 0.25% Native American
, 0.07% Pacific Islander
, 2.14% from
, and 3.80%
from two or more races. Hispanic
of any race were 4.70% of the
An elegant pre-WWII apartment on South
Munn Avenue in East Orange.
There were 26,024 households out of which 31.9% had children under
the age of 18 living with them, 26.0% were married couples
living together, 28.8% had a female
householder with no husband present, and 38.2% were non-families.
33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average
household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age
of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to
64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was
33 years. For every 100 females there were 81.9 males. For every
100 females age 18 and over, there were 74.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,346, and the
median income for a family was $38,562. Males had a median income
of $31,905 versus $30,268 for females. The per capita income
for the city was
$16,488. About 15.9% of families and 19.2% of the population were
below the poverty line
, including 24.7%
of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those ages 65 or over.
As part of the 2000 Census, 89.46% of East Orange's residents
identified themselves as being Black or African American
one of the highest percentages of African American and Caribbean
American people in the United States, and the second-highest in New
Jersey (behind Lawnside, at 93.6%) of all places with 1,000 or more
residents identifying their ancestry.
East Orange also has a
large Haitian American community, with 2,852 persons claiming
Haitian ancestry in the 2000 Census.
still a small percentage of total residents, Orange and East Orange have the largest concentrations of
Guyanese Americans in the country.
In the 2000 Census, 2.5% of
East Orange residents identified as being of Guyanese ancestry.
Queens and Brooklyn had larger
populations in terms of raw numbers, Orange (with 2.9%) and East
Orange had the highest percentage of people of Guyanese ancestry of
all places in the United States with at least 1,000 people
identifying their ancestry.
East Orange is governed under the City
form of New Jersey municipal
government. The government consists of a Mayor and a City Council
made up of ten members, two each representing the city's five
geographical districts or wards. A Mayor is elected directly by the
voters. The Borough Council consists of ten members elected to
serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with one seat in each
ward coming up for election every other year.
The East Orange City Council carries out the legislative duties of
municipal government. This body enacts by ordinance, resolution or
motion, the laws under which our city is governed. The City Council
reviews and adopts the municipal budget that is prepared and
presented to the legislative body by the Mayor.
The first African-American mayor of the city of East Orange was The
Honorable William S. Hart Sr. Former Mayor Hart ran and was elected
for two consecutive terms. Mayor Hart was mayor from 1970-1978.
Hart middle school is named after this honorable man as a tribute
and thank you from the city. The Mayor
Orange is Robert L. Bowser
. Mayor Bowser is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal
, a bi-partisan
with a stated goal of "making the public safer by getting illegal
guns off the streets." The Coalition is co-chaired by Boston Mayor
Thomas Menino and New York City Mayor Michael
Members of the City Council are:
Federal, state and county representation
East Orange is in the Tenth Congressional District and is part of
New Jersey's 34th Legislative District.
A reminder of East Orange's former
The Ambrose/Ward mansion was built in 1898 for a book
manufacturer, now the home of the African-American Fund of New
On the national level, East Orange leans strongly toward the
Democratic Party. In 2008, Democrat Barack
received 98% of the vote in the city.
School District operates the public schools of East Orange.
The district is one of 31 Abbott
statewide. In 2003, Patrick Healy Middle School was
identified as one of seven "persistently dangerous" middle schools
in New Jersey. This designation has since been removed. East Orange
Community Charter School is a public charter school in East
East Orange is served by East Orange Campus High School, which is on the site of the former Upsala College.
Portions of East Orange are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone
. In addition to
other benefits to encourage employment within the Zone, shoppers
can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales
rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide).
East Orange lies at the intersection of the Garden State Parkway
and Interstate 280
. It is 7.8 miles from
Newark Liberty International
Airport in the nearby cities of Newark and Elizabeth.
Local transportation around the city and into neighboring
communities is provided by Coach USA
routes 24 & 44 and multiple New
public bus lines, which includes routes 5
, and 97
.New Jersey Transit also runs two
train stations in East
Orange, both located along the Morris & Essex Lines
Station is found beside the westbound lanes of Interstate
280, directly across its parking lot from East Orange City
Hall. Just one mile west up Main Street is
Station, the city's second rail stop and the more heavily
used of the two. Both have seven-day service to Hoboken
Terminal as well as Midtown
Direct service to New York
Penn Station in Midtown
Orange is a sister city of Nakuru, Rift Valley
Notable current and former residents of East Orange include:
- Jamal Anderson (1972-), former
NFL running back.
- Dena Atlantic, Actress.
- Troy CLE, pseudonym of Troy Tompkins,
author of The Marvelous
Effect (set in East Orange).
- William Joseph Fallon
(1944-), United States Navy
Admiral who is the current
Commander of United States
- Franklin W. Fort (1880-1937), represented New Jersey's 9th
congressional district from 1925-1931.
- Major Harold Geiger (1884-1927),
pioneer in Army aviation and ballooning.
- Althea Gibson
(1927-2003), tennis player, died in East Orange and was interred in
Rosedale Cemetery, Orange, New
- David Garrard (1978-), currently
the starting quarterback for the NFL's Jacksonville Jaguars.
- Slide Hampton (1932-), jazz
- Carolyn Gold Heilbrun
(1926-2003), author who wrote mystery novels under the pen name of
- Brian Hill (1947-),
former coach of the Orlando
- Whitney Houston (1963-), Singer
- Janis Ian (1951-),
- Monte Irvin
(1919-), Major League Baseball player, member of the Baseball
Hall of Fame. Ranked #12 on the Sports Illustrated list of The
50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures.
- Jarrod Johnson (1969-), former
professional football player. Selected to the 1986 Star Ledger All State football Team and was an
inductee into the Seton
Hall Prep Hall of Fame
class of 2000.
- Ernest Lester Jones
(1876-1929), head of the United States Coast and Geodetic
Survey from 1914 until his death.
- Queen Latifah (1970-), rapper and
- Clara Maass (1876-1901), nurse who
died as a result of volunteering for medical experiments to study
- Naomi Long Madgett (1923-),
the African American poet, was raised in East Orange.
- Daniel F. Minahan (1877-1947), represented New Jersey's 6th
congressional district from 1919 to 1921 and again from 1923 to
- Chino XL, Hip-hop lyricist
- Treach, Vin Rock,
and Kay Gee members of the rap group
Naughty by Nature.
- Eddie Rabbitt, country music
- Shareefa, an R&B singer
- Albert L. Vreeland (1901-1975), was a United States Representative
from New Jersey.
- Dionne Warwick, singer
- William H. Wiley (1842-1925), served on the East
Orange township committee from 1886 to 1888, and was president for
one year. He represented New Jersey's 8th
congressional district from 1903 to 1907 and from 1909 to 1911,
and was a co-founder and former president of the publishing company
John Wiley & Sons.
- Bruce Williams,
- The Fugees, a rap group
- Gordon MacRae, 1921-1986, actor,
singer, he was born in East Orange
- "The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John
P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey;
1969. p. 127.
- African American Communities, Epodunk. Accessed June 28, 2006.
- Guyanese Communities, Epodunk. Accessed August 21, 2006.
- 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book,
Rutgers University Edward
J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005,
- Office of the City Council, City of East
Orange. Accessed June 25, 2006.
- New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey
League of Women Voters, p. 56.
Accessed September 30, 2009.
- Abbott Districts, New Jersey Department of
Education. Accessed March 31, 2008.
- Geographic & Urban Redevelopment Tax Credit
Programs: Urban Enterprise Zone Employee Tax Credit, State of
Accessed July 28, 2008.
- New Jersey Transit bus schedules accessed
November 7, 2007
- Online Directory: New Jersey, USA,
Sister Cities International.
Accessed November 8, 2007.
- Celebrity Rap Superstar | Jamal Anderson
(Contestant), MTV. Accessed
September 18, 2007.
- Troy CLE, Tavis Smiley, September 7, 2007. Accessed
November 29, 2007. "A native of East Orange, NJ, CLE has worked as
a student teacher in the NYC public school system and as a hip-hop
- Shanker, Thom. "Adm. William J. Fallon: An Experienced Naval
Officer, and a Diplomat", The New York Times, January 8,
2007. Accessed December 10, 2007. "William Joseph Fallon was born
Dec. 30, 1944, in East Orange, N.J., and raised in
- Franklin William Fort, Biographical
Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 22,
- "FLIGHT LEADER DIES IN FLAMING CRASH; Major Geiger,
Commander of Aberdeen (Md.) Field, Is Burned to Death. FAILS IN
DESPERATE JUMP Accident Occurs at Olmstead Field, Pa. -- Was a
Native of East Orange, N.J.", The New York
Times, May 18, 1927. Accessed July 14, 2008.
- AFC honors go to three first-time winners,
NFL.com, December 6,
2006. "The East Orange, N.J., native directed the club on two
drives of more than 90 yards, both resulting in touchdowns."
- The State of Jazz: Meet 40 More Jersey Greats,
Star-Ledger, September 28, 2004.
- MccFadden, Robert D. "Carolyn Heilbrun, Pioneering Feminist Scholar,
Dies at 77", The New York Times, October 11,
2003. Accessed December 18, 2007.
- "Back to the Magic: Hill Returns to Orlando",
Magic. Accessed March 6, 2008.
- Houlihan, Mary. "Ian has learned the truth from controversies",
Chicago Sun-Times, April 23, 2004.
Accessed December 18, 2007. "Ian grew up in East Orange, N.J., in a
- The 50 Greatest New Jersey Sports Figures,
Sports Illustrated, December 27,
- Colonel E. Lester Jones, NOAA. Accessed December 20, 2007. " Ernest Lester
Jones, the son of Charles Hopkins and Ida (Lester) Jones was born
in East Orange, New Jersey on April 14, 1876."
- "The Robertson Treatment Vol. 6.7; Queen Latifah
holding court in Hollywood!", Baltimore Afro-American,
March 28, 2003. Accessed December 11, 2007. "'I've always loved
musicals,' admits the actress who was born Dana Owens and was
raised in the East Orange, NJ area and who presently lives in
- Clara Louise Maass, Find A Grave. Accessed August 23,
- Pilgrim Journey, Wayne State University Press.
Accessed September 24, 2007. "The daughter of a Baptist pastor,
Madgett was born in Virginia and moved with her family to East
Orange, New Jersey as a toddler."
- Daniel F. Minahan, Biographical
Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 16,
- " Eddie Rabbitt, 56, Whose Songs Zigzagged From Pop
to Country", The New York Times, May 9, 1998.
Accessed November 3, 2007. "The son of Irish immigrants, he was
born in Brooklyn and raised in East Orange, N.J."
- Albert Lincoln Vreeland biography,
United States Congress. Accessed July
- William Halsted Wiley biography, United
States Congress. Accessed July 11, 2007.
- Eftimiades, Maria. "Radio Personality Without Limits",
The New York Times, July 2, 1989.
Accessed February 20, 2008.