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Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests: Map

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The Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests is a temperate broadleaf forest ecoregion which is found in the middle elevations of the eastern Himalayasmarker, including parts of Nepalmarker, Indiamarker, and Bhutanmarker.

Setting

The ecoregion covers an area of 83,100 square kilometers (32,100 square miles), constituting a band of temperate broadleaf forest lying between approximately 2000 and 3000 meters elevation, extending from the Kali Gandaki River in Nepalmarker across the Indian state of Sikkimmarker, West Bengalmarker,Bhutanmarker, and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradeshmarker. At lower elevations, the temperate broadleaf forests yield to subtropical pine and broadleaf forests. At higher elevations, the temperate broadleaf forests transition to the Eastern Himalayan subalpine conifer forests.

Flora

The Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests are diverse and species-rich, with a great diversity of oaks and rhododendrons in particular. The ecoregion has two predominant forest types. Evergreen forests are characterized by oaks (Quercus spp.), chiefly Quercus lamellosa, together with Lithocarpus pachyphylla, Rhododendron arboreum, Rhododendron falconeri, Rhododendron thomsonii, Michelia excelsa, Michelia cathcartii, Bucklandia populnea, Symplocos cochinchinensis, Magnolia spp., Cinnamomum spp., and Machilus spp. Deciduous forests, the predominant tree species are Acer campbellii, Juglans regia, Alnus nepalensis, Betula alnoides, Betula utilis, and Echinocarpus dasycarpus.

Fauna

Conservation

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