Eastmain is a Cree community located on James Bay at the mouth of the Eastmain River, Quebec, Canada.
is the smallest of the coastal Cree villages with a population of
606 people (2001 Canada census). Its alternate Cree name is
"Wapanoutauw", meaning Lands east of James Bay
Like the other coastal villages on Hudson and James Bay, Eastmain
also started out as a Hudson's Bay
trading post, originally called East Main House.
is accessible by air (Eastmain River Airport) and by car over a gravel road linking it to the
The Eastmain community was greatly affected by the James Bay
Hydroelectric Project, which saw 90% of the Eastmain River diverted
to the La Grande River in 1980.