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[[Image:Easton Point photo.JPG|thumb|250px|right|"The Point" from theGoat Islandmarker causeway bridge]]
Battery Park in Newport
Gravelly Point off of Long Wharf, was the site of the largest public mass execution in American history, when 26 pirates were executed.
They were then buried on Goat Island.
The Point (or less commonly, "Easton's Point") is the oldest neighborhood in Newport, Rhode Islandmarker and has one of the highest concentrations of colonial houses in the United States. The neighborhood sits between Washington Street and Farewell Street/America's Cup in Newport looking out on Goat Islandmarker, former home to the U.S. Naval Torpedo Station.

History

Nicholas Easton, a founder of Newport, first settled in the area in the 17th century. Easton's heirs divided the property into lots in 1725 and sold parcels to many of Newport's early tradesmen and merchants. Many of the early inhabitants attended the nearby Quaker Meeting Housemarker or Touro Synagoguemarker. Because of the Quaker tradition none of the streets were originally named after people, so 1st (now Washington), 2nd, and 3rd Streets were intersected by streets with tree names (Elm, Poplar, Willow, Walnut, Chesnut, Cherry, Pine, Sycamore, and Cypress). Marsh Street was formerly the site of a marsh and Bridge Street, the site of a bridge traversing the north side of the marsh. Long Wharf jutted across the south side of the marsh until it was filled in the 19th century.

In 1723 Gravelly Point (off of Long Wharf) was the site of the largest public mass execution in American history, when 26 pirates were executed. They were then buried on nearby Goat Island.

Various houses in "The Point" were occupied by British and French forces during the American Revolution around the time of the Battle of Rhode Island. The famous Goddard and Townsend furniture makers lived and worked in The Point, and their houses still remain.[652946] Battery Park was created from "Fort Greene," a former military battery from the War of 1812.

Revitalization

Because Newport remained largely unindustrialized, many of the historic colonial houses were not demolished as was done in Boston and New York. As a result Newport allegedly has the highest concentration of colonial homes of any American city. The Point was, however, largely neglected by the 1950s and remained a working class area. In the 1960s and 70s, Doris Duke's Newport Restoration Foundation bought 27 historic houses in The Point, restored them, and currently rents the homes to tenants. In the 1960s the construction of the Newport Bridge divided the neighborhood in two. The Point is home to the Hunter Housemarker museum, the Rumbline Restaurant, and Saint John the Evangelist Anglican-Catholic Church.[652947] After the old docks disappeared at the end of the streets, the driftways remained allowing public access to the harbor for boaters.[652948]

Images

Image:Goddard House Newport Rhode Island.jpg|18th century Second Street home of the Goddard family (of Townsend and Goddard furniture)Image:Tripp House Newport.JPG|Tripp House stone-ender, 1720, on Washington StreetImage:P light lg.jpg|Newport Harbor Lightmarker (1842) on northern tip of Goat Island and the Newport BridgeImage:Tom Robinson Vicomte De Noailles House.jpg|Home of Quaker Tom Robinson and his descendants since 1759, headquarters of French Vicomte de Noailles 1780-1781Image:Captin John Warren French Artillery Headquarters House Newport RI.jpg|Home of Captain John Warren, built in 1737, Headquarters of French Artillery 1780-1781Image:Hunter House Newport Rhode Island.jpg|Hunter HousemarkerImage:Saint John Church Newport Rhode Island.jpg|Saint John the Evangelist Church (Anglican) on Washington StreetImage:Driftway Washington Street Newport Rhode Island.jpg|A public access driftway on Washington Street in The PointImage:Washington Street house, Newport, RI.jpg|Washington Street house, home to a Quaker family

References and external links



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