Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar
(February 21, 1816 – January 31, 1895) was an influential American politician and lawyer from
Massachusetts, he graduated from Harvard University in 1835 and became a lawyer. Beginning in 1840 he
practiced in Concord and Boston, Massachusetts.
That same year he married Caroline Downes
Brooks (1820-1892), of Concord.
Political and legal career
In 1846 Hoar was elected to the Massachusetts Senate
as an anti-slavery
. He was a Judge of the
Court of Common Pleas inBoston from 1849 until 1855 and then an Associate Justice
of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial
Court from 1859 to 1869.
He was appointed 31st Attorney General of the
by President Ulysses S. Grant
in 1869 and served for a little over
a year. The US Department of
Justice was created during his term.
During the same
period, he was nominated by Grant to be an Associate Justice of the
but was not confirmed by the United States Senate
He was one of five members of a commission on Civil War claims
against England. The commission's work led to the signing of the
Treaty of Washington
He was an Alabama Claims
in 1871 and was elected as a Republican
to the 43rd Congress
(1873–75). He was not a
candidate for renomination in 1874 and returned to practicing law.
He chaired the 1875 U.S. Centennial celebration of the Battles of
Lexington and Concord, held in Concord and attended by many leading
individuals of the day, including President Grant.
on the board of overseers of Harvard University from 1868 through 1882 and died in Concord in
1895. He is interred in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in
Hoar family relations
His brother was influential U.S. Congressman and Senator for
Massachusetts, George Frisbie
. His father was influential lawyer and politician Samuel Hoar
(1778 - 1856). Through his mother,
Sarah Sherman, he was the grandson of American founding father
and Rebecca Minot Prescott
. His children
include Sherman Hoar
(1860 - 1898) and
Samuel Hoar (1845-1904).
- Hoar's first cousin Roger
Sherman Baldwin was Governor of Connecticut and a US
- Another first cousin William
Maxwell Evarts was US Secretary of State, US Attorney General
immediately preceding Hoar, and a US Senator.
- "HOAR, Ebenezer Rockwood, (1816 - 1895)"
- Butler, Benjamin Franklin. Letter of General Benj. F. Butler,
to Hon. E. R. Hoar . [Lowell?, Mass.]: N.p., 1876.
- Cox, Jacob Dolson. How Judge Hoar Ceased to be Attorney
General. Atlantic Monthly July 1895, p 162-173.
(Available online: Making of America. Cornell University
- Hoar, Ebenezer Rockwood. Address at the laying of the corner
stone of the Memorial Hall . Boston: Tolman & White, printers,
- Hoar, Ebenezer Rockwood. Address in the old Concord Meeting
House, April 19, 1894 . Boston: Beacon Press, T. Todd, printer,
- Hoar, George Frisbie. The charge against President Grant and
Attorney General Hoar of packing the Supreme Court of the United
States . Worcester, Mass.: Press of C. Hamilton, [1896?]
- Massachusetts. Bar. Tributes to the Bar and of the Supreme
Judicial Court of the Commonwealth to the memory of Ebenezer
Rockwood Hoar. Cambridge, Mass.: J. Wilson and Son, University
- Storey, Moorfield, and Edward W. Emerson. Ebenezer Rockwood
Hoar: A Memoir. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1911.