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Eddie Bernice Johnson (born December 3, 1935) is a politician from the state of Texasmarker, currently representing the state's ( map) in the U.S. House.

Early life and education

Johnson was born in Waco, Texasmarker. She began her college education at Saint Mary's Collegemarker of Notre Dame, Indianamarker and transferred to Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texasmarker, from which she received a bachelor's degree in nursing. She later attended Southern Methodist Universitymarker, Dallas, Texasmarker, and earned an MPA in 1976. She worked as a nurse in a Dallas hospital and later as a psychotherapist before entering politics.

Political life

She was elected to the Texas House of Representatives as a Democrat in 1972 and served for three terms. She was an administrator for the United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare from 1977 to 1981. She was elected to the Texas State Senate in 1986. As a state senator, she was on the redistricting committee where she was instrumental in shaping the district she represents. By design the 30th Congressional District has a strong probability of electing an African-American and a Democrat. She was subsequently elected to the House of Representatives in 1992 becoming the first nurse elected to congress.

The 17th chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus, she was a leading voice in opposition to the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002. During debate on the house floor, she stated:

"I am not convinced that giving the President the authority to launch a unilateral, first-strike attack on Iraq is the appropriate course of action at this time.
While I believe that under international law and under the authority of our Constitution, the United States must maintain the option to act in its own self-defense, I strongly believe that the administration has not provided evidence of an imminent threat of attack on the United States that would justify a unilateral strike.
I also believe that actions alone, without exhausting peaceful options, could seriously harm global support for our war on terrorism and distract our own resources from this cause."

She was one of the 31 who voted in the House against counting the electoral votes from Ohiomarker in the United States presidential election, 2004. [84876]

On November 7, 2006, she was re-elected to serve an eighth term in Congress. Johnson won 80% of vote, defeating Republican Wilson Aurbach and Libertarian Ken Ashby.

During the 2007 primary campaign, Johnson initially supported Senator John Edwards for president. After his withdrawal from the race, she pledged her support as a superdelegate to Barack Obama in 2008. She was again re-elected in 2008.

Committee assignments

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