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Edith Minturn "Edie" Sedgwick (April 20, 1943 – November 16, 1971) was an Americanmarker actress, socialite, model, and heiress. She is best known for being one of Andy Warhol's Muses. Sedgwick became known as "The Girl of the Year" in 1965 after starring in several of Andy Warhol's short films, in the 1960s. Dubbed an "It Girl", Vogue magazine also named her a "Youthquaker".

Family

Edie Sedgwick was born in Santa Barbara, Californiamarker, to Alice Delano de Forest (1908–1988) and Francis Minturn Sedgwick, (1904–1967), a philanthropist, rancher, and sculptor. She was named after her father's aunt, Edith Minturn, famously painted, with her husband, Isaac Newton Phelps-Stokes, by John Singer Sargent.

Sedgwick's family was long established in Massachusettsmarker history. Her seventh-great grandfather, Englishmarker-born Robert Sedgwick, was the first Major General of the Massachusetts Bay Colony settling in Charlestown, Massachusettsmarker in 1635. Edie's family later originated from Stockbridge, Massachusettsmarker where her great-great-great grandfather Judge Theodore Sedgwick had settled after the American Revolution. Theodore married Pamela Dwight who was the daughter of Abigail (Williams) Dwight, which means that Ephraim Williams, the founder of Williams College, was her fifth-great grandfather. Theodore Sedgwick was the first to plead and win a case for the freedom of a black woman, Elizabeth Freeman, under the Massachusetts Bill of Rights that declared all men to be born free and equal. Sedgwick's mother was the daughter of Henry Wheeler de Forest (President and Chairman of the Board of the Southern Pacific Railroad, and a direct descendant of Jessé de Forest whose Dutch West India Company helped to settle New Amsterdam). Jessé de Forestt was also Edie's seventh-great grandfather.. Her paternal grandfather was the historian and acclaimed author Henry Dwight Sedgwick III; her great grandmother, Susanna Shaw, was the sister of Robert Gould Shaw, the American Civil War Colonel; and her great-great grandfather, Robert Bowne Minturn, was a part owner of the Flying Cloud clipper ship, and is credited with creating and promoting Central Parkmarker in New York Citymarker. CentralParkHistory.com And her great-great-great grandfather, William Ellery, was a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence.

She was the first cousin, once removed, of actress Kyra Sedgwick.

The Factory days

In March 1965, Sedgwick met artist and avant-garde filmmaker Andy Warhol at Lester Persky's apartment. She began going to The Factory artist studio regularly in March 1965 with her friend, Chuck Wein. During one of those visits, Warhol was filming Vinyl, his interpretation of the novel A Clockwork Orange. Despite Vinyl's all-male cast, Warhol put Sedgwick in the movie. She also made a small cameo appearance in another Warhol film, Horse, when she entered towards the end of the film. Although Sedgwick's appearances in both films were brief, they generated so much interest that Warhol decided to create a vehicle in which she would star.

The first of those films, Poor Little Rich Girl, was originally conceived as part of a series featuring Sedgwick called The Poor Little Rich Girl Saga. The series was to include Poor Little Rich Girl, Restaurant, Face, and Afternoon. Filming of Poor Little Rich Girl started in March 1965 in Sedgwick's apartment. The first reel shows Sedgwick waking up, ordering coffee and orange juice, and putting on her makeup in silence with only an Everly Brothers record playing. Due to a problem with the camera lens, the footage on the first reel is completely out of focus. The second reel consists of Sedgwick smoking cigarettes, talking on the telephone, trying on clothes, and describing how she had spent her entire inheritance in six months.

On April 30, 1965, Warhol took Sedgwick, Chuck Wein and Gerard Malanga to the opening of his exhibit at the Sonnabend Gallery in Parismarker. Upon returning to New York City, Warhol asked his scriptwriter, Ron Tavel, to write a script for Sedgwick, “something in a kitchen – something white, and clean, and plastic,” Warhol is to have said, according to Ric Burns' Andy Warhol: A Documentary Film. The result was Kitchen, starring Sedgwick, Rene Ricard, Roger Trudeau, Donald Lyons and Elecktrah. After Kitchen, Chuck Wein replaced Ron Tavel as writer and assistant director for the filming of Beauty No. 2, in which Sedgwick appeared with Gino Piserchio. Beauty No. 2 premiered at the Film-Makers' Cinematheque at the Astor Place Playhouse on July 17.

Although Warhol's films were not generally a commercial success and were rarely seen outside The Factory, as Sedgwick's popularity grew mainstream media outlets began reporting on her appearances in Warhol's underground films and her unusual fashion sense that consisted of black leotards, mini dresses, and large chandelier earrings. Sedgwick also cut her hair short and colored her naturally brown hair with silver spray creating a similar look to the wigs Warhol wore. Warhol christened her his "Superstar" and both were photographed together at various social outings.

Throughout 1965, Sedgwick and Warhol continued to make films together, namely, Outer and Inner Space, Prison, Lupe and Chelsea Girls. However, by late 1965, Sedgwick and Warhol's relationship had deteriorated and Sedgwick requested that Warhol no longer show any of her films. She asked that the footage she filmed for Chelsea Girls be removed. Sedgwick's footage was replaced with footage of Nico with colored lights projected on her face and The Velvet Underground music playing in the background. The edited footage of Sedgwick in Chelsea Girls would eventually become the film Afternoon.

Lupe is often thought to be Sedgwick's last Warhol film, but Sedgwick filmed The Andy Warhol Story with Rene Ricard in 1966, almost a year after she filmed Lupe. The Andy Warhol Story was an unreleased film that was only screened once at The Factory. The film featured Sedgwick, along with Rene Ricard, satirically pretending to be Andy Warhol. It is thought to be either lost or destroyed.

Bob Dylan and Bob Neuwirth

Following her departure from Warhol's circle, Sedgwick began living at the Chelsea Hotel, where she became close to Bob Dylan. Dylan's friends eventually convinced Sedgwick to sign up with Albert Grossman, Dylan's manager. Sedgwick and Dylan's relationship ended when Sedgwick found out that Dylan had married Sara Lownds in a secret ceremony – something that she apparently found out from Warhol during an argument at the Gingerman Restaurant in February 1966.

According to Paul Morrissey, Sedgwick had said: "'They're [Dylan's people] going to make a film and I'm supposed to star in it with Bobby [Dylan].' Suddenly it was Bobby this and Bobby that, and they realized that she had a crush on him. They thought he'd been leading her on, because just that day Andy had heard in his lawyer's office that Dylan had been secretly married for a few months - he married Sara Lownds in November 1965... Andy couldn't resist asking, 'Did you know, Edie, that Bob Dylan has gotten married?' She was trembling. They realized that she really thought of herself as entering a relationship with Dylan, that maybe he hadn't been truthful."

Several weeks before the December 29, 2006 one-week release of the controversial film Factory Girl, described by The Village Voice review as "Edie for Dummies." The Weinstein Company and the film's producers interviewed Sedgwick's older brother, Jonathan, who asserted that she had "had an abortion of the child she was (supposedly) carrying by Dylan." Jonathan Sedgwick, a retired airplane designer, was flown in from Idahomarker to New York City by the distributor to meet Sienna Miller, who was playing his late sister, as well as to give an eight-hour video interview with details about the purported liaison between Edie and Dylan, which the distributor promptly released to the news media. Jonathan claims an abortion took place soon after "Edie was badly hurt in a motorcycle crash and sent to an emergency unit. As a result of the accident, doctors consigned her to a mental hospital where she was treated for drug addiction." No hospital records or Sedgwick family records exist to support this story. Nonetheless, Edie's brother also claimed "Staff found she was pregnant but, fearing the baby had been damaged by her drug use and anorexia, forced her to have the abortion." However, according to Edie Sedgwick's personal medical records and oral life-history tape recorded less than a year before her death for her final film, Ciao! Manhattan, there is credible evidence that the only abortion she underwent in her lifetime was at age 20 in 1963.

Throughout most of 1966, Sedgwick was involved in an intensely private yet tumultuous relationship not with Bob Dylan, but with Dylan's closest friend, Bob Neuwirth. During this period, she became increasingly dependent on barbiturates. Although she experimented with illegal substances including opiates, there is no evidence that Sedgwick ever became a heroin addict. In early 1967, Neuwirth, unable to cope with Sedgwick's drug abuse and erratic behavior, broke off their relationship.

Later years

auditioned for Norman Mailer's play The Deer Park, but Mailer thought she "wasn't very good... She used so much of herself with every line that we knew she'd be immolated after three performances."

In April 1967, Sedgwick began shooting Ciao! Manhattan, an underground movie. After initial footage was shot in New York, co-directors John Palmer and David Weisman continued working on the film over the course of the next five years. Sedgwick's rapidly deteriorating health saw her return to her family in Californiamarker, spending time in several different psychiatric institutions. In August 1969, she was hospitalized in the psychiatric ward of Cottage Hospital after being arrested for drug offenses by the local police. While in the hospital, Sedgwick met another patient, Michael Brett Post, whom she would later marry. Sedgwick was in the hospital again in the summer of 1970, but was let out under the supervision of a psychiatrist, two nurses, and the live-in care of filmmaker John Palmer and his wife Janet. Staunchly determined to finish Ciao! Manhattan and have her story told, Sedgwick recorded audio-tapes reflecting upon her life story, which enabled Weisman and Palmer to incorporate her actual reality into the film's dramatic arc.

Death

When Sedgwick married Post in July 1971, she reportedly stopped drinking and abusing drugs. Her sobriety lasted until October, when pain medication was given to her to treat a physical illness. She remained under the care of Dr. Wells, who prescribed her barbiturates, but she would demand more pills or say she had lost them in order to get more. Sedgwick often combined the medications with alcohol.

On the night of November 15, 1971, Sedgwick went to a fashion show at the Santa Barbara Museum, a segment of which was filmed for the television show An American Family. After the fashion show, she attended a party and was supposedly attacked by a drunken guest who called her a heroin addict. Sedgwick phoned Post, who arrived at the party and, seeing that she was disturbed by the accusations, took her back to their apartment around one in the morning. On the way home, Sedgwick expressed thoughts of uncertainty about their marriage. Before they both fell asleep, Post gave Sedgwick the medication that had been prescribed for her. According to Post, Sedgwick started to fall asleep very quickly, and her breathing was, "bad – it sounded like there was a big hole in her lungs," but he attributed that to her heavy smoking habit and went to sleep.

When Post awoke the following morning, Edie Sedgwick was dead. The coroner ruled Sedgwick's death as "undetermined/accident/suicide." The time of death was estimated to be 9:20 A.M. The death certificate claims the immediate cause was "probable acute barbiturate intoxication" due to ethanol intoxication. Sedgwick's alcohol level was registered at 0.17% and her barbiturate level was 0.48 mg%. She was 28.

Sedgwick was buried in the small Oak Hill Cemetery in Ballard, Californiamarker in a simple grave. Her epitaph reads "Edith Sedgwick Post - Wife Of Michael Brett Post 1943-1971." Her mother Alice was buried next to her in 1988.

In popular culture

In music

Sedgwick has been referenced in popular music, numerous times in addition to the works of her contemporaries described above.



In movies

  • Molly Ringwald claimed, in a 1985 Interview article, Warren Beatty had bought the rights to Edie's life story and was planning to make a movie with Ringwald starring as Sedgwick. In a 1988 Vogue article, it was reported that a film entitled The War at Home was set to be produced, based loosely on Sedgwick's life during the Factory years. The film was to feature Linda Fiorentino as Sedgwick and was to have been based on John Byrum's fictionalized account of a working-class man who becomes enamored with her. Neither was ever produced.




  • Sienna Miller played Sedgwick in George Hickenlooper's film Factory Girl, a fictionalized film about Sedgwick's life and times, released in December 2006. The film portrays Warhol, played by Guy Pearce, as a cynic who leads Edie to psychiatric problems and later death. In the film, Hayden Christensen plays "Billy Quinn", an apparent conglomeration of various characters but a look-alike of Bob Dylan. (As of late 2006, Dylan was apparently threatening to pursue a defamation lawsuit, claiming the film implicates him as having driven Sedgwick to her ultimate demise and eventual death.) Michael Post, Sedgwick's widower, appears as a taxi driver in one of the last scenes of the film.






  • In the 2002 film Igby Goes Down, Amanda Peet's character, Rachel is described as an "Edie Sedgwick wanna-be" and dresses in Edie inspired attire throughout the film.


In television

  • Mystery Science Theater 3000 referenced Sedgwick in their "Master Ninja 1" episode. Upon seeing a burning building, Joel Robinson and the robots comment: "Looks like Edie Sedgwick fell asleep again." She was referenced in their "Warrior of the Lost World" episode: when a motorcyclist catches fire, Tom Servo says, "And now Edie Sedgwick goes on the road." In the "Touch of Satan" episode, Mike remarks, "Man, never let Edie Sedgwick borrow your lake cabin" after a cabin bursts into flames. In "The Incredible Melting Man" Mike says: "Edie Sedgwick, no!" over footage of solar flares. All of these pertain to an instance in October 1966 where Sedgwick fell asleep with a burning cigarette in her apartment on East 63rd Street, causing a fire. She was rushed to Lenox Hill Hospitalmarker with burns on her arms, legs, and back.


Other

  • An off-Broadway play, entitled Andy & Edie, about Andy and Edie's relationship, was written and produced by Peter Braunstein, debuted in 2004 and ran for ten days. Misha Sedgwick, who portrayed Edie, was referred to in the media, though not disputed by Misha Sedgwick, as being Edie's niece. At the request of the Sedgwick family, the New York Times published a notice of correction.


  • There is a bar on College Street in Torontomarker called "Ciao Edie", named after Sedgwick.


  • The protagonist of British writer Sarra Manning's trilogy Diary of a Crush (also serialized in J-17 magazine), Edie (Edith Wheeler), is named for Edie Sedgwick. The object of her crush, Dylan, is named for Bob Dylan.






  • Segwick appears frequently in Act I of the musical based on the Ultra Violet autobiography, Famous for Fifteen Minutes.


  • In the fall of 2006, Ciao! Manhattan co-Director, David Weisman, announced on Access Hollywood that a documentary about Sedgwick was being developed and scheduled to be released in 2007, but has yet to be produced. This documentary would have the same title of the book he co-authored, Edie: Girl on Fire.


Filmography

Year Film Role Notes
1965 Horse Non-speaking role
Vinyl Non-speaking role
Bitch
Screen Test No.1 Herself
Screen Test No.2 Herself
Poor Little Rich Girl
Face
Restaurant
Kitchen
Afternoon
Space
Factory Diaries
Outer and Inner Space
Prison Alternative title: Girls in Prison
1966 Lupe
The Andy Warhol Story'
1967-1968 **** Alternative title: The Four Star Movie
1969 Diaries, Notes and Sketches Herself Alternative title: Walden
1972 Ciao! Manhattan Susan Superstar


Bibliography

  • Victor Bockris and Gerard Malanga: Uptight: The Velvet Underground Story
  • Victor Bockris: Andy Warhol
  • Michael Opray: Andy Warhol. Film Factory
  • Jean Stein: Edie: An American Biography
  • Andy Warhol: The Philosophy of Andy Warhol
  • Melissa Painter and David Weisman: Edie: Girl on Fire Book and Film
  • Steven Watson: Factory Made: Warhol And the Sixties
  • Nat Finkelstein and David Dalton: Edie: Factory Girl


References

  1. CHS Sedgwick Family
  2. SEDGWICK.ORG - Major General Robert Sedgwick (1613–1656)
  3. In My Blood, Six Generations of Madness & Desire in an American Family, by John Sedgwick, HarperCollins Publishers, New York, 2007
  4. A Sedgwick Genealogy, Descendants of Deacon Benjamin Sedgwick, New Haven Colony Historical Society, 1961
  5. New York Times, article "Henry de Forest, Lawyer, dies at 82", May 28th, 1937
  6. A Walloon Family in America, de Forest, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1914
  7. village voice > film > Factory Girl: Queen of the Factory Gets a Dull Biopic by Nathan Lee
  8. 'My Sister Edie Loved Dylan' - New York Post
  9. Warhol Muse 'lost baby by Dylan' - Sunday Times - Times Online
  10. Gone in 15 minutes - Sunday Times - Times Online
  11. Justin Moyer's "Edie Sedgwick" project
  12. A Fantasy You Can Bring Home to Mother - TIME
  13. BBC NEWS | Entertainment |Miller denies Dylan 'defamation'
  14. http://offoffonline.com/archives.php?id=91


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