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Edina is a city in Hennepin Countymarker, Minnesotamarker, United Statesmarker, and a first-ring suburb situated immediately southwest of Minneapolismarker. Edina began as a small farming and milling community in the 1860s and is today a 95 percent developed metropolitan community. The population was 47,425 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Many major highways run through or are close to Edina, making it readily accessible to those within the metropolitan areamarker. Minnesota State Highways 62 and 100 divide the City into four sections. U.S. Route 169 and Minnesota State Highway 100 extend north and south. Interstate 494marker and Minnesota State Highway 62 extend east and west. Minnesota State Highway 7 is within three miles (5 km) of the city. Interstate 394 is within five miles.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.5 km² (16.0 mi²). 40.8 km² (15.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.8 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (1.87%) is water. Residential areas comprise the largest portion of the City, which is now more than 95 percent developed. Within Edina are many different neighborhoods, including Highlands, Indian Hills, Viking Hills, Morningside, Country Club Districtmarker, Cahill Village, South Harriet Park, Interlachen, Rolling Green, Parkwood Knolls and Hilldale to name a few.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 47,425 people, 20,996 households, and 12,870 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,162.6/km² (3,011.4/mi²). There were 21,669 housing units at an average density of 531.2/km² (1,376.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.28% White, 1.15% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.99% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population. 21.9% were of German, 14.4% Norwegian, 10.2% Irish, 9.3% Swedish and 8.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 20,996 households out of which 26.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 5.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 22.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 84.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.7 males.

According to a 2007 estimate , the median income for a household in the city was $76,805, and the median income for a family was $114,673. Males had a median income of $67,011 versus $41,742 for females. The per capita income for the city was $44,195. About 2.0% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.

Population statistics

Population history
1940 1950 1955 1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1996 1998 1999 2000 2002
5,855 9,744 17,000 30,482 44,031 46,073 46,075 46,841 47,029 47,113 47,274 47,425 47,570
  1. Estimate


History

Settlement

Edina began as part of Richfield Township, Minnesotamarker. In the 1850s, 17 families, most of them immigrating as a result of the potato famine in Irelandmarker, came to Minnesota and claimed land in the southwest section of what was then Richfield Township. They were followed by Englishmarker and Scottishmarker farmers, who claimed additional land near Minnehaha Creekmarker. The Baird and Grimes and Country Club Districts (both which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places), are located in the northeast part of Edina and were among the first areas to be established.

In 1888, the residents of the township held a meeting to consider founding a new village, thus separating themselves from Richfield Township. The idea was favorably accepted by those within the community and a committee was established to oversee the transition.

Naming

Ruins of Edina Mill next to Minnihaha Creek
After the decision was made to form a new village, a debate ensued regarding the naming of the new village. Several town meetings were held in the Minnehaha Grange Hallmarker, during which the names "Hennepin Park", "Westfield" and "Edina" were suggested. Minutes taken by Henry F. Brown, a farmer and future owner (1889) of the Edina Mill, are summarized as follows:

At the next meeting, the name Edina was finally chosen with a vote of 47 for and 42 against.

There has been a prevailing myth about the decision to name the new village Edina, which states that two opposing communities—the Irish Cahill community and the Scottishmarker Mill community fought about whether to give the community an Irish Name (Killarney Lakes) or a Scottish name (Edina). The 1860 census, however, indicates that there were no Scottish people in Edina in 1860, and only a couple were present at the time of Edina's founding (1888).

Morningside

The first suburban development in Edina occurred during the early 1900s in Morningside, a neighborhood in the northeastern part of the village. As Morningside grew, conflict arose between its residents, who wanted more city services, and the residents of the rest of the village, who wanted to maintain Edina's rural character. As a result of that conflict, Morningside seceded from Edina in 1920 and became a separate village. In 1966, however, the Village of Morningside once again became part of Edina.

Edina today

Today, many of the street names in Edina are named after families whose farms once occupied that area, for example: Grimes Avenue, Code Avenue, Gleason (Gleeson) Road, Cooper Avenue and Wyman Avenue.

Edina has a reputation for being one of the most affluent suburbs of Minneapolis. Edina citizens are considered wealthy (e.g. median household income for 1999 in Edina was $66,019, compared to $37,974 for Minneapolis and $47,111 for the state of Minnesota), which led to the once derogatory term of “cake eaters" (a reference to the “Let them eat cake” quote misattributed to Marie Antoinette). The term is now largely used in jest in regional sports rivalries. Such usage can be seen, for example, in the Disney film, The Mighty Ducks, in which the term is used in reference to the Adam Banks character. The term is also on display as the title of the popular local blog, The Cake Eater Chronicles.

Edina is home to a few billionaires, most notably Richard M. Schulze and the late- Carl Pohlad.


Education

Public schools

For a detailed article see Edina Public Schools
Most of Edina is in Independent School District (ISD) 273, which serves children primarily from Edina. There are approximately 7500 K-12 students served by 1139 teachers and support staff in six elementary schools (Grades K-5), two middle schools (Grades 6-9), and one senior high school (Grades 10-12). The district administrative offices are located at the Edina Community Center.

Edina High School is often listed in the top 100 schools in the United States in academics (most recently in Newsweek, 2007). Additionally, EHS has been listed in the top 10 in sports (number 8 in a Sports Illustrated review of over 30,000 schools), the top 15 in debate, the top 40 in music, and has won national awards in writing and other areas. A recent study showed that 100% of EHS students graduate, that 96% of EHS grads go to college and that 85% of Edina High School graduates completed college within 5 yrs after high school graduation. A recent follow-up study showed that ten years after graduation from Edina High School 46% of EHS graduates had obtained advanced postgraduate degrees or were pursuing graduate degrees at the time of the study. The elementary and junior high schools have won many national and state excellence awards. French immersion programs are offered at one elementary school, Normandale, starting in kindergarten . The high school offers six years of French and Spanish, five years of Latin, Russian, and German, four of Japanese, and three of Chinese and American Sign Language.

Public Schools in Edina
Elementary Schools Junior High Schools High School
Concord South View Middle School Edina High School
Creek Valley Valley View Middle School
Cornelia
Highlands
Countryside
Normandale French Immersion


Private schools

There are three private schools in Edina. Our Lady of Grace (OLG), which is a Catholic school that serves students from kindergarten through eighth grade, St. Peters Lutheran School, and Calvin Christian School.

Colleges

Cardinal Stritch University, Devry Universitymarker, Minnesota State University, Mankatomarker education site, Minnesota School of Business, Broadview Institute and the Keller Graduate School of Managementmarker are located in Edina.

Places of Worship



Economy



Shopping

Edina has numerous retail shopping centers, including Southdale Centermarker, which was the first covered/indoor shopping mall in the world. Other shopping centers include the Galleria, Yorktown and Centennial Lakes Plaza. The city shares another thriving commercial area at West 50th Street and France Avenue South with Minneapolismarker, known as "50th & France."

Edina has only municipal liquor stores; no other liquor stores are allowed. Edina maintains three liquor stores, which are located at 50th & France, Southdale (York Ave.), and Vernon & Interlachen Blvd.

Hotels

There are two hotels in Edina: the Residence Inn by Marriott which is adjacent to Edinborough Park, and the Westin Edina Galleria Hotel & Residences at 69th Street and York Avenue. A 7-story Aloft hotel is to be built by Starwood Hotels and Resorts, near Highway 100 and 77th Street, by the year 2018. The lack of hotels in Edina dates back to the early 1930s when Edina was still officially a "dry" city. There are several hotels in a region several blocks north of I-494marker; this area was once part of Edina. After successful petitioning, the area was annexed to Bloomingtonmarker, which allowed alcohol sales at the time.

Recreation

Overlooking the 12th hole on Braemar Golf Course


Parks

Edina’s parkland and open space totals more than 1,550 acres (6.3 km²). The Edina Park and Recreation Department oversees 44 parks, which include amenities such as baseball, football and soccer fields; softball diamonds; basketball and tennis courts; outdoor skating rinks; playground equipment for young children; and picnic shelters. The Department also maintains eight miles (13 km) of scenic pathways for bicycling, walking, jogging, cross-country skiing and snowshoeing.

Edina Parks
Alden Park Fred Richards Golf Course Rosland Park
Arden Park Garden Park Sherwood Park
Arneson Acres Park Garden Park Addition St. John's Park
Birchcrest Park Heights Park Strachauer Park
Braemar Park (Courtney Fields) Highlands Park T. Lea Todd Park
Bredesen Park Kojetin Park Tingdale Park
Browndale Park Krahl Hill Utley Park
Centennial Lakes Park Lake Edina Park Van Valkenburg Park
Chowen Park Lewis Park Walnut Ridge Park
Cornelia School Park Lincoln Drive Floodplain Weber Field Park
Countryside Park McGuire Park Williams Park
Creek Valley School Park Melody Lake Park Wooddale Park
Edinborough Park Moore Property York Park
Fox Meadow Park Normandale Park Yorktown Park
Frank Tupa Park Pamela Park


Besides overseeing the parks, the Edina Park and Recreation Department is also responsible for the operation of 10 facilities within the city:

Notable Edinans

The following people were born in, or have resided in, Edina:



Edina in Popular Culture



  • One of the baseball fields at Countryside Park was used in the opening scenes of the movie Little Big League. The umpire can clearly be seen wearing an Edina Athletic Association shirt.




  • In Disney's The Mighty Ducks, controversial star player Adam Banks hails from Edina.






References



External links




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