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Edna May Oliver (November 9 1883 – November 9 1942) was an American film actress. During the 1930s, she was one of the American screen's best-known character actresses often playing tart-tongued spinsters.

Early life

Born Edna May Nutter in Malden, Massachusettsmarker, the daughter of Ida May and Charles Edward Nutter, Edna was a descendant of the 6th American president John Quincy Adams. She quit school at age fourteen in order to pursue a career on stage and achieved her first success in 1917 on Broadwaymarker in Jerome Kern's musical comedy Oh, Boy!, playing the hero's comically dour Quaker Aunt Penelope.

Career

In 1925 Oliver appeared in The Cradle Snatchers co-starring Mary Boland, Margaret Dale, Gene Raymond, Raymond Hackett & a young Humphrey Bogart. Oliver's most notable stage appearance was as Parthy, wife of Cap'n Andy Hawks, in the original 1927 stage production of the famous musical Show Boat. She repeated the role in the 1932 Broadway revival, but turned down the chance to play Parthy in the 1936 film version of the show so that she could play the Nurse in that year's film version of Romeo and Juliet. Helen Westley played Parthy in the 1936 Show Boat. Oliver's role as the Nurse was her only role in a Shakespeare film or play.

Her film debut occurred in 1923 in the film Wife in Name Only and she continued to appear in films until Lydia in 1941. Oliver first gained major notice in films for her appearances in several comedy films starring the team of Wheeler & Woolsey including Half Shot at Sunrise, her first film under her RKO Radio contract in 1930.

While most often playing featured parts, she starred in 10 films, including the women's stories Fanny Foley Herself and Ladies of the Jury. Edna May Oliver's most popular star vehicles were mystery-comedies starring Oliver as spinster sleuth Hildegarde Withers from the popular Stuart Palmer novels. The series ended prematurely when Oliver left RKO Radio to sign with MGM in 1935; the studio attempted to continue the series with Helen Broderick and then ZaSu Pitts as Withers, but these later films were not well-received.

Oliver frequently appeared in film versions of classic British literature, including Alice in Wonderland (1933), A Tale of Two Cities (1935), David Copperfield (1935), the 1936 film version of Romeo and Juliet, and Pride and Prejudice (1940). She received an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actress in 1939 for her appearance in Drums Along the Mohawk.

Oliver was one of the many movie stars caricatured in the 1937 cartoon Porky's Road Race.

Death

The actress being notably "bottom-heavy" (a fact satirized in cartoons such as The Hardship of Miles Standish (Warner Bros., Friz Freleng, 1940)), coincidentally was connected with her demise.

She died on her 59th birthday in 1942 following a short intestinal ailment that proved terminal, and was interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemeterymarker in Glendale, Californiamarker.

Filmography



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