The Full Wiki

Education in Kentucky: Map

Advertisements
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Education in Kentucky includes elementary school (kindergarten through fifth grade in most areas), middle school (or junior high, sixth grade through eighth grade in most locations), high school (ninth through twelfth grade in most locations), and postsecondary institutions. Most Kentucky schools and colleges are accredited through the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS).

Education in Kentucky suffers from the same negative stigma as many other Southern states. Some statistics, such as ranking 47th in the nation in percentage of residents with a bachelor's degree and an adult illiteracy rate of about 40%, seem to justify the stereotype, while others, such as ranking 14th in educational affordability, 25th in K-12 attrition, and being named the 31st smartest state using a formula by author Morgan Quitno (ahead of western states like Californiamarker, Nevadamarker, Arizonamarker and New Mexicomarker) suggest that the stereotype may be overblown. In fact, Lexington, Kentuckymarker ranks 10th among US cities in percent of population with college degree or higher. Whatever the case, due to a number of reforms beginning in 1990, most studies agree that Kentucky is making progress in the area of education.

K-12

The Kentucky Board of Education is responsible for the development, coordination, and implementation of K-12 education in each of the commonwealth's 174 school districts. In 2003-2004, Kentucky's public schools enrolled 656,503 students, with another 12,170 being home schooled.

The Kentucky Commonwealth Diploma

In order to motivate Kentucky high schoolers to take a more demanding curriculum, the Kentucky Board of Education began awarding the Commonwealth Diploma in 1987. The Commonwealth curriculum requires that the student take four Advanced Placement courses (one English, one science or math, one foreign language, and one elective) and sit for the Advanced Placement exam in at least three of the four areas. Students whose combined scores on any three Advanced Placement exams meet or exceed a given threshold are eligible to have their registration fees for those exams refunded.

Kentucky Educational Excellence Scholarship (KEES)

In 1998, the Kentucky General Assembly voted to utilize some of the profits generated by the state lottery to fund the Kentucky Educational Excellence Scholarship. The program was designed both to encourage high school students to take a pre-college level curriculum while in high school and to encourage them to pursue higher education in the commonwealth after graduation.

To be eligible, students must attain a grade point average of 2.5 or higher in a rigorous curriculum defined by the Kentucky Council on Postsecondary Education (CPE), and attend college at an eligible institution in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The actual amount of the award is based on a combination of the student's grade point average and score on the ACT. The scholarship is renewable for four years, provided the student maintains his or her eligibility.

Colleges and universities

See also: List of colleges and universities in Kentucky


Kentucky is home to 8 public universities. Additionally, the commonwealth has 16 public community and technical colleges and over 30 private colleges and universities. The oldest of these is Transylvania Universitymarker, the first college established west of the Allegheny Mountains and only the sixteenth established in the United Statesmarker. Another of Kentucky's colleges, Berea Collegemarker, was the first non-segregated, co-educational college in the South. Like many southern states, the ACT, not the SAT, is the preferred college entrance test.

Kentucky Educational Television (KET)

KET is the commonwealth's public television network, and is the largest PBS network in the nation. KET took the air in 1968 after a generous gift from Ashland Oil founder Paul Blazer. In addition to the PBS schedule, KET now airs programming aimed at local audiences and educational series used by some colleges in Kentucky as telecourses.

Reform

Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA)

In 1990, the Kentucky General Assembly passed the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) in response to a ruling the previous year by the Kentucky Supreme Court that the commonwealth's education system was unconstitutional. The court mandated that the Legislature was to enact broad and sweeping reforms at a systemic level, statewide. The changes were so unpopular with Kentucky's teachers that some of them began to refer to KERA as the "Kentucky Early Retirement Act," though no spike in teacher attrition actually occurred following KERA's passage.

Goals

KERA was based on six goals:
  1. Students use basic communication and mathematics skills for purposes and situations they will encounter throughout their lives.
  2. Students apply concepts and principles from mathematics, the sciences, the arts, the humanities, social studies, practical living studies, and vocational studies to what they will encounter throughout their lives.
  3. Students develop their abilities to become self-sufficient individuals.
  4. Students become responsible members of a family, work group, or community, including demonstrating effectiveness in community service.
  5. Students think and solve problems in school situations and in a variety of situations they will encounter in life.
  6. Students connect and integrate experiences and new knowledge from all subject matter fields with what they have previously learned, and build on past learning experiences to acquire new information through various media sources.


Outcomes

Since 1990, Kentucky had three major testing phases.

The Kentucky Instructional Results Information Service (KIRIS) was used from 1992 to 1998, and included open-response items, performance events, an on-demand writing prompt, and writing and mathematics portfolios.

Based on psychometric concerns and lack of political support for KIRIS, 1998 legislation replaced KIRIS with the Commonwealth Accountability Testing System, using open-response and multiple-choice items, an on-demand writing prompt, a writing portfolio, and the TerraNova national norm-referenced test. As part of the testing change, the state set new “cut point” scale scores for rating student work as novice, apprentice, proficient and distinguished. The new cut points counted higher numbers as proficient in most subjects.

In 1998, The Ford Foundation and Harvard Universitymarker awarded Kentucky's education system the Innovations in American Government Award.

From 1999 to 2006, Kentucky schools showed improvement on the state’s CATS assessment in every subject, at every level, for every student group listed in disaggregated data reports. Most elementary schools improved at a pace strong enough that, if continued, they would have reached the proficiency goals set by the state for 2014. Most middle schools and high schools, however, were improving at too slow a pace to meet those proficiency targets.

Major changes in CATS were made in 2007, including revisions to the content being tested, the years each subject is tested, the relative weight given to different topics, the relative weight given to multiple-choice and open-response questions, the national norm-referenced test included in school scores, and the “cut points” used to convert students’ numerical scores to performance levels of novice, apprentice, proficient and distinguished. Those changes broke the state’s “trend line,” meaning that scores cannot be compared to past years.

Critics point out that the CATS changes significantly increased reported proficiency rates compared to the National Assessment of Educational Progress, a problem found in many state assessments. In addition, critics note that despite rising CATS scores, the remedial requirements for Kentucky's entering college freshmen remain very high (nearly one of two recent high school graduates requires at least one college remedial course in Kentucky's public college system) which has led to pending legislation to replace CATS with a more up to date and credible assessment.

The National Assessment for Educational Progress is the most respected source for comparing Kentucky public school students to those in other states. The most recent scale score results from the National Assessment of Educational Progress show Kentucky:

  • Scoring above national average in fourth and eighth grade science.
  • Statistically tied with national average in fourth and eighth grade reading, fourth grade writing, and eighth grade mathematics.
  • Scoring below national average in fourth grade writing and eighth grade math.


Some NAEP critics argue that those results are unreliable because of differences in how states handle students with disabilities. In the latest NAEP testing, Kentucky did exclude higher proportions of learning disabled students in reading and writing than was typical across the nation.

In addition, critics of simplistic summaries of Kentucky's NAEP scores point out that changing student demographics across the United States tend to complicate any analysis of Kentucky's latest NAEP scores.

For example, analysis using the On Line NAEP Data Explorer shows that in the 1992 NAEP fourth grade reading assessment, Califnornia's student sample was 51 percent White while Kentucky's was 90 percent White. By 2007, California's White demographic had shrunk dramatically to just 28 percent of the sample while Kentucky's Whites still comprised 84 percent of the sample. Nationally, Whites comprised 72 percent of the 1992 sample but only 56 percent of the 2007 NAEP fourth grade reading sample.

Because Whites generally outscore minorities in NAEP, including the fast-growing Hispanic sector, the continued high proportion of White students in Kentucky gives the state a significant advantage in any simple comparisons of overall NAEP results.

Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of 1997

The Kentucky General Assembly completely revamped higher education in the commonwealth with the passage of the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of 1997, commonly referred to as House Bill 1 (HB1). HB1 mandated that the University of Kentuckymarker become a Top 20 Public Research University by the year 2020. It also charged the University of Louisvillemarker to become a preeminent metropolitan research university over the same time frame.

Kentucky Community and Technical College System (KCTCS)

One of the most significant changes in the Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of 1997 was the creation of a new entity to govern the commonwealth's community and technical colleges - the Kentucky Community and Technical College System (KCTCS). Previously, many of the commonwealth's community colleges had been part of the University of Kentucky's Community College System, while many of the technical colleges had been operated by the Workforce Cabinet.

Kentucky Virtual Campus (KYVC)

Another reform of Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of 1997 was the creation of the Kentucky Virtual Campus (KYVU). Originally designated the Commonwealth Virtual University (CVU) and then the Kentucky Virtual University, KYVC is a single point of access to find online courses, degree programs and professional development opportunities offered at Kentucky colleges, universities and state agencies. KYVC offers a comprehensive course catalog, 24x7 technical support and multiple resources for learning and research.

Kentucky Virtual Library (KYVL)

To support the Kentucky Virtual University, the Kentucky Postsecondary Education Improvement Act of 1997 also created the Kentucky Virtual Library (KYVL). KYVL provides Kentuckians with the ability to search a number of databases of books and scholarly works, while providing help on research methods and techniques. KYVL strives to enhance the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of resource sharing among Kentucky libraries by utilizing current and emerging technologies and providing access to digital information resources at lower cost per unit through cooperative statewide licensing agreements. KYVL's mission is to prepare students, faculty and staff of Kentucky's educational institutions and the citizens of the Commonwealth to be full participants in today's information-based global economy and in the life-long learning process by providing services to develop information literacy.

Assessment and Accountability Task Force

In 2008 a task force was established by Kentucky Commissioner of Education John Draud in order to make recommendations to the 2009 Kentucky General Assembly. The task force is responsible for analyzing specific components of Commonwealth Accountability Testing System (CATS) and determining how effective they are in meeting student needs. The task force operates with seven scheduled meetings with the final meeting to be November 7, 2008.

General profile of Kentucky's public universities

Institution Endowment Total students Ave freshman ACT % full time Ave. undergrad age % living on campus Freshman retention rate
Eastern Kentucky Universitymarker $55 million 15,673 21.1 96% 22 26% 65%
Kentucky State Universitymarker $8 million 2,500 18.1 94% 34% 54%
Morehead State Universitymarker $23 million 9,100 21.0 98% 22 35% 69%
Murray State Universitymarker $32 million 10,266 23.1 99% 22 38% 80%
Northern Kentucky Universitymarker $50 million 14,617 21.0 95% 23 11% 74%
University of Kentuckymarker $903 million 26,400 24.4 99% 21 33% 78%
University of Louisvillemarker $794 million 22,000 24.4 97% 22 19% 78%
Western Kentucky Universitymarker $105 million 19,200 20.8 95% 21 31% 72%
TOTAL/ AVERAGE $1.97 billion 119,756 21.73 96.63% 21.85 28.38% 71.25%

References

  1. Kentucky improves in post-secondary education report
  2. Kentucky's Moderate Spending Cuts
  3. Kentucky's K-12 Achievements
  4. Smartest State 2006-2007
  5. Kentucky Department of Education - About Schools and Districts
  6. Kentucky Education Facts
  7. Kentucky Department of Education - Commonwealth Diploma
  8. KEES Frequently Asked Questions
  9. Transylvania University - History
  10. Kentucky Educational Television's Ginni Fox Honored with CPB Lifetime Achievement Award
  11. KET History
  12. Trends and Issues Affecting Primary and Secondary Education (The Prichard Committee for Academic Excellence}
  13. “Kentucky Performance Report 2006” statewide edition, available at http://apps.kde.state.ky.us/secure_cats_reports_06/index.cfm
  14. Attachment B: Progress Toward Proficiency,” from briefing materials for the April 2007 meeting of the Kentucky Board of Education, available at education.ky.gov.
  15. “Briefing Packet Statewide Release: Commonwealth Accountability Testing System,” October 2007, available at education.ky.gov.
  16. 2007 Nation’s Report Card: Reading, 2007 Nation’s Report Card: Mathematics, 2007 Nation’s Report Card: Writing, 2005 Nation’s Report Card: Science, and 2002 Nation’s Report Card: Writing, all available at nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard
  17. UK Reaching Top 20 Critical to Moving Kentucky Forward
  18. President Ramsey's Speech at the Civil Rights Champions Event
  19. http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdfurl=
  20. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/CampusTour/undergraduate/2335/Eastern_Kentucky_University/Eastern_Kentucky_University1.html
  21. url=http://www.ir.eku.edu/web/FastFacts/pdf/0809FastFacts.pdf
  22. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/2335/Eastern_Kentucky_University/Eastern_Kentucky_University5.html
  23. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/2335/Eastern_Kentucky_University/Eastern_Kentucky_University5.html
  24. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/2335/Eastern_Kentucky_University/Eastern_Kentucky_University5.html
  25. url=http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdf
  26. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3190/University_of_Kentucky/University_of_Kentucky3.html
  27. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3188/Kentucky_State_University/Kentucky_State_University3.html
  28. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3188/Kentucky_State_University/Kentucky_State_University3.html
  29. url=http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdf
  30. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3763/Morehead_State_University/Morehead_State_University1.html
  31. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3389/University_of_Louisville/University_of_Louisville5.html
  32. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3763/Morehead_State_University/Morehead_State_University3.html
  33. url=http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdf
  34. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/CampusTour/undergraduate/3803/Murray_State_University/Murray_State_University1.html
  35. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3803/Murray_State_University/Murray_State_University5.html
  36. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3803/Murray_State_University/Murray_State_University5.html
  37. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3803/Murray_State_University/Murray_State_University3.html
  38. http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdfurl=
  39. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/4023/Northern_Kentucky_University/Northern_Kentucky_University1.html
  40. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/4023/Northern_Kentucky_University/Northern_Kentucky_University5.html
  41. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/4023/Northern_Kentucky_University/Northern_Kentucky_University5.html
  42. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/4023/Northern_Kentucky_University/Northern_Kentucky_University3.html
  43. http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdfurl=
  44. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/CampusTour/undergraduate/3190/University_of_Kentucky/University_of_Kentucky1.html
  45. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3190/University_of_Kentucky/University_of_Kentucky5.html
  46. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3190/University_of_Kentucky/University_of_Kentucky5.html
  47. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3190/University_of_Kentucky/University_of_Kentucky3.html
  48. http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdfurl=
  49. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/CampusTour/undergraduate/3389/University_of_Louisville/University_of_Louisville1.html
  50. url=http://louisville.edu/about/profile.html
  51. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3389/University_of_Louisville/University_of_Louisville5.html
  52. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3389/University_of_Louisville/University_of_Louisville5.html
  53. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3389/University_of_Louisville/University_of_Louisville3.html
  54. http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdfurl=
  55. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/CampusTour/undergraduate/5489/Western_Kentucky_University/Western_Kentucky_University1.html
  56. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/5489/Western_Kentucky_University/Western_Kentucky_University5.html
  57. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/5489/Western_Kentucky_University/Western_Kentucky_University5.html
  58. url=http://www.gohigherky.org/campustour/undergraduate/3190/University_of_Kentucky/University_of_Kentucky3.html


External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message