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Milner's design for Buxton Pavilion Gardens
Edward Milner (20 January 1819–26 March 1884) was an English landscape architect.

Early life and career

Edward Milner was born in Darleymarker, Derbyshiremarker, the eldest child of Henry Milner and Mary née Scales. Henry Milner was employed at Chatsworthmarker by William Cavendish, 6th Duke of Devonshire, as a gardener and porter. Edward was educated at Bakewell Grammar Schoolmarker and was then apprenticed to Chatsworth's head gardener, Joseph Paxton. In 1841 he continued his studies in Paris at the Jardin des Plantesmarker and returned home to become Paxton's assistant. He worked with Paxton in developing and managing Princes Park, Liverpoolmarker and assisted him at Osmastonmarker Manor in Derbyshire. In 1847 he laid out the Italian Garden at Tatton Parkmarker, Cheshiremarker, which had been designed by Paxton. When Paxton re-erected The Crystal Palacemarker in Penge Park, Sydenhammarker in 1852, Milner was appointed as the superintendent of works. He also worked for Paxton in creating the People's Park, Halifaxmarker for Francis Crossley.

Independent career

From the mid-1850s, Milner worked as an independent landscape gardener. He received commissions for work in England and Wales, including designing three public parks in Prestonmarker, Lancashiremarker. These parks were constructed as part of a scheme for relieving unemployment caused by the cotton famine in the 1860s. He also designed gardens in Germany and Denmark. In 1881 he became principal of the Crystal Palace School of Gardening, established by the Crystal Palace Company.

Works as an independent designer

This is an incomplete list.

Location Garden Details Date Refs
Llanfairfechanmarker Bryn-y-Neuadd
Lincolnshiremarker Hartsholme Hallmarker For Joseph Shuttleworth
Derbyshiremarker Stancliffe Hallmarker For Joseph Whitworth
Tal-y-Cafnmarker Bodnantmarker (original) For H. D. Pochin
Staffordshire Rangemore Hall For M. T. Bass
Dorsetmarker Iwerne Minstermarker For G. G. Glyn
Birminghammarker Highburymarker For Joseph Chamberlain
Bathmarker Locksbrook Cemeterymarker
Dingestowmarker Dingestow Court
Peterboroughmarker Elton Hallmarker
Halifaxmarker Stoney Royd cemetery Opened 1861
Horshammarker Warnham Court 1864
Prestonmarker Moor Parkmarker Opened 1867
Preston Miller Parkmarker Opened 1867
Preston Avenham Parkmarker Opened 1867
Buxtonmarker Pavilion Gardens 1871
Lincolnmarker Lincoln Arboretummarker Opened 1872
Bromyardmarker Bredenbury Court c. 1876
Halifax Shroggs Park For Colonel Edward Akroyd Opened 1881
Morpethmarker, Wallington Hallmarker Parterre 1882
Westphalia Schloss Anholt For Prince Salm-Salm
Denmarkmarker Knutenborg Park For Count E. C. Knuth

Personal life

In 1844 he married Elizabeth Mary Kelly of Liverpoolmarker with whom he had 11 children. The family moved to Norwood, London, and later to Dulwich Wood Parkmarker. Milner appointed his son Henry Ernest as his principal assistant. Edward Milner founded the firm of Milner-White which survived until the retirement of Frank Marshall in 1995, at which time it was the oldest garden design and landscape architecture practice in the British Isles. He died at his home in 1884 leaving an estate valued at slightly over £8,000 (£ today).


Further Reading

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