Edward Williams Morley
(January 29, 1838 - February 24, 1923) was an American scientist famous for the
born in Newark, New
Jersey and grew up in West Hartford,
He graduated from Williams College
to 1906 he was professor of chemistry at Western Reserve College (which was
federated into today's Case Western Reserve University).
His best remembered work, which he did together with Albert Abraham Michelson
was the Michelson–Morley
. Neither he nor Michelson ever considered that it
disproved the aether hypothesis
However, others did, and it ultimately led to Einstein
's theory of relativity
. Morley also
worked with Dayton Miller
aether experiments after his work with Michelson.
Morley also worked on the oxygen composition
of the atmosphere
, thermal expansion
, and the velocity of light
in a magnetic field
Morley was president of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science
(1895) and president
of the American Chemical
(1899). Morley won the Davy Medal of the Royal Society
of London (1907) and the Elliott
(1912) awarded by the Franklin Institute of the
State of Pennsylvania for important contributions to Chemical
Science. Willard Gibbs Medal of the Chicago Section of the American
Chemical Society (1899).
crater Morley was named
in West Hartford was also named for him.
home in West Hartford was made a National Historic
Landmark in 1975.