Edward Winslow Hinks
(May 30, 1830 – February 4,
1894) was a career United States
officer who served as a brigadier general
the American Civil War
Hinks was born in Bucksport, Maine
His name was originally spelled "Hincks" but he dropped the "C"
when he joined the U.S. Army
in 1861 and resumed using it in 1871 after he
retired from the service. He was a printer for the Whig and
newspaper. He moved to Massachusetts in 1849 and
served in the state legislature.
In 1861, Hinks received a regular army
commission as a
the 2nd U.S. Cavalry
, but was soon after offered a
volunteer commission as commander of the 19th Massachusetts
service at Ball's
Bluff, the Peninsula
Campaign, and at Glendale, where he was wounded. He returned to his
regiment for the Maryland Campaign, but was seriously
wounded at Antietam on September 17, 1862.
He received a promotion to brigadier general of volunteers and
spent the next two years on court
and recruiting duty, before being assigned to command
the 3rd Division of the XVIII
, composed entirely of United States Colored Troops
led by white officers. He was one of the leaders of the unsuccessful
First Battle of
Petersburg and served in the Siege of Petersburg.
When the division was rolled into the
, Winslow received a
promotion to major general
and was sent
north to enforce the draft. He was also a brevet brigadier general
in the regular army for his service at Petersburg.
After the war, he remained in the army as the lieutenant colonel
40th U.S. Infantry
before retiring at the rank of
in December 1870.
retired, he served as governor of the National Military Home in
and in Milwaukee,
Massachusetts, and is buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery Cambridge,
His grave can be found on the Eglantine
Path, Lot 1636.
- Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David
J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University
Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- Heitman, Francis. Historical Register and Dictionary of the
United States Army 1789-1903, Washington, US Government
Printing Office, 1903.
- Eicher, p. 298.