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Eglin Air Force Base is a United States Air Force base located southwest of Valparaisomarker in Okaloosa County, Floridamarker, United States. It was named in honor of World War I aviator and test pilot Lt Col Frederick Irving Eglin. Since its founding in 1933 Eglin has evolved from a remote bombing and gunnery range in the 1930s (although very little actual bombing was done at the outset) into the military's primary non-nuclear test facility, it now supports a wide variety of multi-service test missions as well as providing a home for many special operations functions.

Units

Eglin is the home of the Air Armament Center (AAC) and is one of four product centers in the Air Force Materiel Command (AFMC). Serving as the focal point for all Air Force armaments, the AAC is the center responsible for the development, acquisition, testing, deployment and sustainment of all air-delivered weapons.

The host wing at Eglin is the 96th Air Base Wing (96 ABW) whose mission consists of supporting the Air Armament Center and the myriad of tenant commands and associate units with traditional military services as well as all the services of a small city, to include civil engineering, personnel, logistics, communications, computer, medical, security, and all other host services. Critical to the success of Eglin’s mission, the 96th Air Base Wing provides a large number of base operating support functions.

The residential portion of the base is a census-designated place; its population was 8,082 at the 2000 census. The base covers 463,128 acres (1,874.2 km²).

Major units



The center plans, directs and conducts test and evaluation of U.S. and allied air armament, navigation and guidance systems, and command and control systems and supports the largest single base mobility commitment in the Air Force. It operates two Air Force installations, providing host support not only to Eglin, but also Kirtland AFBmarker, New Mexicomarker.


AAC accomplishes its mission through four components:
    • Armament Product Directorate (Eglin AFB, FL)
    • 46th Test Wing (Eglin AFB, FL)
    • 96th Air Base Wing (Eglin AFB, FL)
    • 377th Air Base Wing (Kirtland AFBmarker, NM)


The 46 TW is the test and evaluation center for Air Force air-delivered weapons, navigation and guidance systems, Command and Control (C2) systems, and Air Force Special Operations Command systems. The Eglin Gulf Test Range provides approximately of over water airspace.


The 96 ABW supports the Air Armament Center and other tenant units of the installation with traditional military services as well as all the services of a small city, to include civil engineering, personnel, logistics, communications, computer, medical, security.
F-15C of the 33rd Fighter Wing.
(F-15C/D Eagles) Tail Code: "EG"
The 33 FW “Nomads” are the largest tenant combat unit at Eglin, as well as a premier air-to-air combat unit of the Air Combat Command (ACC).

With two F-15C/D squadrons and an air control squadron, the wing’s mission is to deploy worldwide and provide air superiority and air control.

First established as the 33d Pursuit Group, the wing’s contribution to tactical airpower during its 50-year history has been significant with participation in campaigns around the world, while flying various fighter aircraft.

The 33FW is drawing down as a fighter wing to transition to a training wing for the new F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF).

The final F-15s assigned to the 33rd departed the base in September 2009.


The 53 WG is headquartered at Eglin and serves as the Air Force’s focal point for operational test and evaluation of armament and avionics, aircrew training devices, chemical defense, aerial reconnaissance improvements, electronic warfare systems, and is responsible for the QF-4 Phantom II Full Scale Aerial Target (FSAT) program and subscale drone programs (located at Tyndall Air Force Basemarker, Florida). The wing tests every fighter, bomber, unmanned aerial vehicle, and associated weapon system in the Air Force inventory. The wing reports to the USAF Air Warfare Center at Nellis Air Force Basemarker, Nevadamarker, a Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) to Headquarters, Air Combat Command (ACC).
    • 49th Test and Evaluation Squadron (a squadron attached to the 53d Wing but located at Barksdale Air Force Basemarker, Louisiana)
      The squadron plans, executes and reports ACC's weapon system evaluation programs for bombers (B-52, B-1 and B-2) and nuclear-capable fighters (F-15E and F-16).

      These evaluations include operational effectiveness and suitability, command and control, performance of aircraft hardware and software systems, employment tactics, and accuracy and reliability of associated precision weapons.

      These weapons include air-launched cruise missiles, standoff missiles, and gravity bombs.

      Results and conclusions support acquisition decisions and development of war plans.

      The unit also performs operational testing on new systems and tactics development for the B-52.


A joint U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy organization responsible for cradle-to-grave management of air dominance weapon system programs equipping warfighters with strike weapons to fight and win decisively.


The mission of the 308 ASW is to equip warfighters with strike weapons to fight and win decisively. The wing designs, develops, produces, fields, and sustains a family of air-to-ground munitions, enhancing warfighter capabilities (both U.S. and Allies) in defeating a spectrum of enemy targets.

  • AFRL Munitions Directorate (AFRL/RW)
AFRL/RW develops, demonstrates, and transitions science and technology for air-launched munitions for defeating ground fixed, mobile/relocatable, air and space targets to assure pre-eminence of U.S. air and space forces. The directorate conducts basic research, exploratory development, and advanced development and demonstrations. It also participates in programs focused on technology transfer, dual-use technology and small business development. The directorate is dedicated to providing the Air Force with a strong revolutionary and evolutionary technology base upon which future air-delivered munitions can be developed to neutralize potential threats to the United States.


Other units





The 919 SOW, located about five miles (8 km) south of Crestview and from Eglin main at Eglin AFB Auxiliary Field #3 (Duke Fieldmarker) and is the only special operations wing in the Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC). In wartime or a contingency, the 919 SOW reports to Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC) at Hurlburt Fieldmarker, Florida, its gaining major command.


The mission of the 20 SCS is to detect, track, identify, and report near earth and deep space objects in earth’s orbit, and provide space object identification data in support of United States Strategic Command’s space control mission. A unit of the Air Force Space Command (AFSPC), the men and women of the 20th SCS operate and maintain the AN/FPS-85 radar, the Air Force’s only phased-array radar dedicated to tracking earth-orbiting objects.


Eglin AFB Auxiliary Field #6 (Biancur Field) is the site of Camp James E. Rudder and the home of the U. S. Army’s 6th Ranger Training Battalion. The 6th RTB conducts the final phase of the U.S. Army Ranger Course. The entire course is 61 days in length and is divided into three phases. Each phase is conducted at different geographical and environmental locations. Its mission at Eglin is to expose Ranger students to a fast-paced, 18 day field training exercise.


  • Naval School of Explosive Ordnance Disposal
The Naval School of Explosive Ordnance Disposal (NAVSCOLEOD) is a Navy-managed command, jointly staffed by Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps personnel. NAVSCOLEOD had its official ribbon cutting on the new consolidated training facility in April 1999.


  • The Joint Fires Integration and Interoperability Team (JFIIT)
This is a subordinate, functional command of U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM), tasked with improving the integration, interoperability, and effectiveness of Joint fires.


USJFCOM established JFIIT in February 2005 to provide assistance to Joint force commanders and Service headquarters in planning, coordinating, and executing Joint fires at the tactical level. JFIIT's 120-member team is made up of members from all four Services and Department of Defense (DoD) civilians with contractor support.


  • AFOTEC Det 2
The Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center stood up Detachment 2 at Eglin to meet the growing demand to provide realistic operational testing for new and modified weapon systems. Since then, Detachment 2 has partnered with the warfighter and the developmental test community to provide the most thorough and rigorous operational test programs found anywhere in the world.


  • 728th Air Control Squadron
Largest Air Control Squadron in the Air Force.


Image:F35A Prototyp AA1 6.jpg|The F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter test aircraft AA-1 performs a touch-and-go maneuver with the Eglin Air Force Base control tower in the background.Image:A-10 firing AGM-65.JPEG|An A-10 Thunderbolt fires an AGM-65 Maverick missile over the Eglin range during a Combat Hammer Air-to-Ground Weapons System Evaluation Program (WSEP) mission, which are conducted by Eglin's 86th Fighter Weapons Squadron (FWS).Image:KC-10 Extender (2151957820).jpg|An F-16 Fighting Falcon from the 40th Flight Test Squadron of Eglin Air Force Base refuels from a KC-135 Stratotanker during Air & Space Power Expo '99.Image:AGM-84 Harpoon carried by an F-16.jpg|May 1992 air-to-air view of an F-16 Fighting Falcon equipped with an AGM-84 Harpoon all-weather anti-ship missile over Eglin Air Force Base.Image:AC-130A pylon turn.jpg|An AC-130A Hercules gunship aircraft performs a pylon turn over Hurlburt Field during a training mission in 1984. The aircraft is from the 919th Special Operations Group at Eglin's Duke Fieldmarker.Image:081217-F-1104C-234.jpg|A 58th Aircraft Maintenance Unit crew chief marshals an F-15 Eagle ready to takeoff for a simulated Operation Noble Eagle tasking during a 33rd Fighter Wing exercise.Image:F-15C Eagle West Demonstration Team.jpg|An F-15 Eagle demonstrates the capabilities of the fighter during a May 2008 demonstration at Eglin Air Force Base.Image:Northrop F-89C.jpg|A Northrop F-89C landing at Eglin Air Force Base during the 1950s.

Timeline

The 1930s

What became Eglin Air Force Base had its beginnings with the creation in 1933 of the Valparaiso Airport, when an arrowhead-shaped parcel of 137 acres was cleared for use as an airdrome. Two unpaved runways, with a supply house at their intersection, were in use by 1935. "On 1 March 1935, application was made for an FERA grant to pave the runways and to build an office, a barracks 30 by 120, a mess hall and kitchen, and an oil storage building..."

Eglin Air Force Base was initially established as the U.S. Army Air Corps' Valparaiso Bombing and Gunnery Base on 14 June 1935. On 4 August 1937, the installation was renamed Eglin Field in honor of Lt Col Frederick Irving Eglin (1891-1937). First rated as a military aviator in 1917, Lt Col Eglin helped train other Army flyers during World War I. On 1 Jan 1937, while assigned to General Headquarters, Air Force at Langley Fieldmarker, VA, Colonel Eglin was killed in the crash of his Northrop A-17 pursuit aircraft on a flight from Langley to Maxwell Fieldmarker, Alabamamarker.

A ceremony was held in June 1939 for the dedication and unveiling of a plaque honoring Valparaiso, Floridamarker banker and businessman James E. Plew, as founder of Eglin Field. Embedded in the stone gate to the airfield, the plaque read "In memory of James E. Plew, 1862-1938, whose patriotism and generosity made this field possible."

The 1940s

On Friday, 16 August 1940, the Okaloosa News-Journal, Crestview, Florida, reported that the Southern Bell Telephone Company was cutting a right-of-way for a line directly across the military reservation to connect the Eglin Field Army headquarters to the company line at Holt, Florida. The newspaper also stated that President Franklin Roosevelt had approved a plan on 14 August for a Works Projects Administration (WPA) expenditure of approximately $64,842 to make additional improvements at Eglin, including grading and surfacing a road to the machine gun range, clearing and grubbing 500 additional acres of landing field, and other work. A Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp was erected at Valparaiso, Florida from November 1940 to house 1,000-plus CCC workers engaged in base construction.

On 1 October 1940, the installation was renamed the Eglin Field Military Reservation in recognition of its increased importance to the Air Corps and its increasing size, as characterized by the construction of numerous auxiliary airfields in Okaloosa, Walton and Santa Rosa counties, the clearing of areas in the Choctawhatchee Forest for which was begun in January 1941. Clearing and grading for Auxiliary Field No.2 began 9 January, Auxiliary Field No. 3 on 23 January, and $800,000 allocated for the grading and paving of fields 1, 3, 5, and 6 on 24 April 1941. The Okaloosa News-Journal on Friday, 31 January 1941, listed the following construction: 30 enlisted men's barracks, eight day rooms, an enlisted men's mess building, a flying cadets mess building, four officers' quarters, eight supply rooms, eight administration buildings, a hospital, a post exchange, a motor repair shop, a theatre, four warehouses, six operations buildings, a Link trainer building, a parachute building, five magazines, and necessary utilities. The Louisville and Nashville Railroad laid a long sidetrack in Crestview, Floridamarker to handle the number of oil tankcars required to supply the Asphault Products Company with material for the vast paving job of the new airfields. A fleet of trucks were operated round the clock to offload an estimated 180 car loads of petroleum product for the task. There were more than just a few vehicle accidents under the urgent tasking, some fatal. The clearing of Auxiliary Field No. 6 began 7 March 1942. Building construction at Auxiliary Field No. 7 began 14 March 1942.

Appropriations of $202,536 were announced by Congressman Bob Sikes of Crestview in mid-April 1941 for construction and installation of water, sewage, electrical facilities, sidewalks, roads, fences, parking areas, landscaping and for the construction of a sewage disposal plant. Submitted to the WPA headquarters in Washington, D.C. in late March, the request received presidential approval in April. Work continued apace on some projects on a 24 hour a day basis.

A severe housing shortage in the region for the burgeoning base-oriented expansion was partially alleviated by the construction of 100 units of the Plew Heights Defense Housing Project near Valparaiso for civil service employees and enlisted personnel. The Federal Works Agency, Division of Defense Housing, awarded the contract for the task to the Paul A. Miller Construction Company of Leesburg, Florida on 5 May 1941, with construction beginning on 8 May. The 11 November 1941 deadline for completion was beaten by almost a month.

In June 1941, the Officers Club of Eglin Field made arrangements to take over the Valparaiso Inn, Valparaiso, Florida, as the "O Club". Doolittle Raiders would later lodge here during their training at Eglin.

In June 1941, the Army Air Corps became the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) in order to provide the air arm a greater autonomy in which to expand more efficiently, and to provide a structure for the additional command echelons required by a vastly increased force. Although other nations already had separate air forces independent of the army or navy (such as the British Royal Air Force and the German Luftwaffe), the USAAF remained a part of the United States Army. Following the 7 Dec 1941 attack on Pearl Harbormarker and the United States entry into World War II, Eglin became a major stateside installation in support of the war effort.

Eglin became a major training location for the Doolittle Raid on the Japanese mainland. The 24 crews selected and led by Lieutenant Colonel James "Jimmy" Doolittle picked up modified North American B-25B Mitchell medium bombers in Minneapolis, Minnesota and flew them to Eglin beginning on 1 March 1942. "9-25 March: Lieutenant Colonel James Doolittle and a B-25 detachment of 72 officers and 75 enlisted men from Lexington County Airport, Columbia, South Carolina, were at Eglin Field in rehearsals for the Tokyo raid." There the crews received intensive training for three weeks in simulated carrier deck takeoffs by Naval Aviators from nearby Naval Air Station Pensacolamarker, as well as low-level and night flying, low altitude bombing, and over water navigation. Lt Col Doolittle stated in his after action report that an operational level of training was reached despite several days when flying was not possible due to rain and fog. One aircraft was heavily damaged in a takeoff accident at Eglin and another aircraft was taken off the mission because of a nose wheel shimmy that could not be repaired in time.

On 25 March, the remaining 22 B-25s departed Eglin for McClellan Fieldmarker, California, arriving on 27 March for final modifications at the Sacramento Air Depot. A total of 16 B-25s were subsequently flown to Naval Air Station Alamedamarker, California on 31 March for embarkation aboard USS Hornet (CV 8). When now-promoted-to-General Doolittle toured the growing base in July 1942 with C.O. Grandison Gardner, the press made no mention of his recent training at Eglin.

A captured Japanese A6M2 Zero, c/n 3372, originally coded 'V-172', of the 22nd Air Flotilla Fighter Unit, found after a forced-landing on a beach at Leichou Pantao, China, on 26 November 1941, and transported to the U.S., was test-flown at Eglin during mid-war.

On 28 Dec 1944, Eglin reverted to its original name of Eglin Field as part of a new standardization practice by the USAAF. With the creation of a separate United States Air Force in 1947, Eglin Field continued to retain its name until 24 Jun 1948, when it was renamed to its current designation as Eglin Air Force Base.

At the time of the design of the super-heavy intercontinental Convair B-36 Peacemaker bomber in the mid-1940s, Eglin Field had one of only three runways in the world capable of withstanding the landing gear footprint of the original 110-inch single tire main gear design of the fully-loaded bomber (concrete at least 22 inches thick). The B-36 would undergo a redesign for a four-wheel main gear bogie with 56-inch tires to reduce this operational constraint and allow B-36s to operate from runways able to support B-29 Superfortresses. (The other two runways were at the Convair plant at Fort Worth, Texasmarker, and at Fairfield-Suisun Fieldmarker, California.)

Between mid-1946 and January 1947, the Army Air Force evaluated two of the three Boeing XF8B Navy fighter prototypes at Eglin as a potential fighter-bomber, but nothing came of the idea, it being found to be inferior in the rôle to the P-47 Thunderbolt already in service.

The first production B-36A-1-CF Peacemaker heavy bomber, 44-92004, c/n 1, officially accepted by the USAF in May 1948, was delivered on 18 June 1948 to the Air Proving Ground Command to undergo extensive testing.

The 1950s



The XB-46 concluded its test program at Eglin Air Force Base in July 1950 where its pneumatic system was tested under the coldest conditions in the large climatic facility there. When this concluded in November 1950 the Air Force no longer had need for it and on 13 January 1951 the nose section was sent to the U.S.marker Air Force Museummarker at Wright-Patterson Air Force Basemarker, Ohiomarker. The rest of the airframe was scrapped 28 February 1952.

The first B-36D Peacemaker accepted by the Air Force, in August 1950, were sent to Eglin AFB for testing.

In 1951-1952, some of the non-combat-capable B-47A Stratojets (delivered without operational equipment) were assigned to the Air Proving Ground Command, two of which were utilized to test the A-2 and A-5 fire-control systems.

Building 100 on the flightline is named the Audette Airborne Systems Building. A dedication plaque at the front entrance reads: "In memory of Lieutenant Colonel Leo R. Audette, United States Air Force - in recognition of his contribution in the development of airborne electronics systems - who on 25 August 1952, while a member of this command, gave his life while participating in operations which advanced the development of these systems."

After ten years of service, primarily for electronic testing, the first B-50A-1-BO Superfortress, 46-002, reclassified as an EB-50A in March 1949, and then as a JB-50A in January 1956 for testing of special instrumentation, concluded its career by verifying a stellar monitoring inertial bombing system and was then salvaged at Eglin on 12 July 1957.

The week of 1 April 1957 a Lockheed C-130 Hercules from the Air Force Operational Test Center at Eglin Air Force Base became the first turbo-prop aircraft to carry U.S. mail across the Atlantic. The C-130 was on its way to Evreuxmarker, France, where it was to be put through another phase of Employment and Suitability Testing by AFOTC. Stopping at Dover, Delawaremarker, on the first leg of the Atlantic crossing, the Hercules took on 4,800 pounds of mail for servicemen overseas.

The Low Altitude Bombing System (LABS), or toss bombing, tactic was first made public in May 1957 at Eglin AFB, when a B–47 Stratojet entered its bombing run at low altitude, pulled up sharply (3.5 g) into a half loop, releasing its bomb under computer control at a predetermined point in its climb, then executed a half roll, completing a maneuver similar to an Immelmann turn or Half Cuban Eight. The bomb continued upward for some time in a high arc before falling on a target which was a considerable distance from its point of release. In the meantime, the maneuver had allowed the bomber to change direction and distance itself from the target.

The first operational Strategic Air Command GAM-77 Hound Dog A missile, 59-2794, arrived at Eglin AFB in December 1959 to equip the 4135th Strategic Wing, operating B-52G Stratofortress out of the base.

Base railroad



The Eglin Air Force Base railroad was first constructed from an interchange with the Louisville & Nashville Railroad at Mossy Head, Floridamarker down to the main base complex, with spurs to Auxiliary Fields 1 and 2, the ammunition dump, and other parts of the military reservation, with a total of of track. It was constructed with materials salvaged from the Claiborne and Polk Railroad, Camp Polk, Louisiana, abandoned in 1945. The line, nicknamed the "B & F" (for back and forth), began operation in late 1951 as part of the transportation division, Air Proving Ground Command, and utilised three ALCO RSD-1 military diesel-electric locomotives. Its first yard manager was Shelby White.

Initial construction of a railroad line into the region had been discussed as early as 1927 as part of the Choctawhatchee and Northern Railroad, though military-use proposals didn't come forward until 1941. The line was later abandoned in the late 1970s and the southern end, west of State Road 285, pulled up by the mid 1980s. Much of the tracks remain in place from the former L&N (now CSX) interchange to just south of Bob Sikes Road, about in length. Building 538, formerly the two-track, four-engine capacity engine house, serves as the vehicle maintenance corrosion control shop in 2009. Two of its four oversize doors have been walled closed. The (by then) four RSD-1 diesels were donated to the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museummarker.

The 1960s

The first GAM-77 Hound Dog missile assigned to the Strategic Air Command was carried aloft for the first time on Friday, 29 January 1960, aboard a B-52G-75-BW Stratofortress, 57-6472, c/n 464177, of 4135th Strategic Wing, commanded by Capt. Jay L. McDonald. The strategic missile was carried on the port underwing pylon during the flight that lasted more than four hours. An operational test of the GAM-77 Hound Dog first took place over the Eglin water range on 31 March 1960 when a B-52G of the 4135th SW launched the missile from a point near Tampa, Floridamarker, which then flew several hundred miles NW to hit a target in the Gulf of Mexicomarker off the northwest Florida coast. This test followed a series of successful flights over the Atlantic Missile Range at Cape Canaveralmarker as well as on the test ranges of Eglin.

On 8 June 1960, the first SAC launch of an ADM-20 Quail decoy was made by a B-52G of the 4135th Strategic Wing, operating out of Eglin.

The USAF Special Air Warfare Center was activated 27 April 1962.Minnesota Honeywell Corporation conducted flight tests on an inertia guidance sub-system for the later-cancelled X-20 Dyna-Soar project at the base utilizing an NF-101B Voodoo, completed in 1963. QB-47E Stratojet and QF-104A Starfighters were operated by the 3205th Drone Director Group through the late 1960s (QB-47s) in support of such programs as the testing of the IM-99 Bomarc interceptor missile, and into the 1970s (QF-104s). Three SC-54 Rescuemaster and an HU-16 Albatross of the 48th Rescue Squadron deployed from Eglin to Grand Turk Islandmarker with a contingent of some 40 squadron personnel supporting four pararescuemen who jumped from SC-54s to recover four camera cassettes, and sight and mark a fifth, from the launch of Apollo mission SA-5 with launch vehicle AS-105 at 1625 hrs. GMT, 29 January 1964, the first launch of a live second stage. Two other Eglin-based HU-16s were flown to Patrick Air Force Basemarker, Florida, for alert missions during this launch.

The 1970s & 1980s

Specially-selected raiders for Operation Ivory Coastmarker, the attempted POW rescue from Son Taymarker prison in North Vietnam, were extensively trained and rehearsed at Eglin Air Force Base, while planning and intelligence gathering continued from 25 May to 20 November 1970. The mission failed when it was found during the raid that all the prisoners had been previously moved to another camp.

The Air Force Armament Museummarker was founded on base in 1975.

Flight-testing of modified C-130 Hercules for Operation Credible Sport were conducted at Eglin and Auxiliary Field 3 (Duke Fieldmarker) in 1980.

The 1990s

The USAF test facilities at Eglin were heavily involved in the F-15 AUP (Avionics Upgrade Program) for the Israeli Air Force that integrated the AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM) in the mid-1990s.

The 2000s – present day



The 'Massive Ordnance Air Blast' or 'Mother of All Bombs' (MOAB) was first tested at Eglin AFB on .

As of 2009, the original World War II-era base theatre still exists, and is used for a briefing space.

A move is afoot in 2009 to get the base hangar in which the modifications and maintenance of the Doolittle Raiders B-25s was performed, declared a national historic site. This work was performed by personnel from Wagner Field, Aux. Fld 1.

The Air Force Armament Museummarker is located on the south side of Eglin main base after originally opening in 1975 in a converted World War II-era base gymnasium near the Valparaiso gate. When the gymnasium/museum structure was razed, it was replaced by a new facility housing the Eglin Training Center.

History

Commanders

  • Capt Arnold H. Rich, 14 Jun 1935 - 19 May 1938
  • Capt George A. Whatley, 19 May 1938 (official on 25 May 1939) - 20 Aug 1939
  • Col Warren A. Maxwell, 20 Aug 1939 - 16 Apr 1941
  • Col Donald P. Muse, 17 Apr 1941 - 23 Aug 1941
  • Maj Joseph H. Atkinson, 23 Aug 1941 - 22 Oct 1941
  • Maj George W. Munday, 22 Oct 1941 - 30 Mar 1942
  • Col Grandison Gardner, 30 Mar 1942 - 29 Feb 1944
  • Col Edgar T. Selzer, 1 Mar 1944 - 15 Apr 1944
  • Brig Gen Grandison Gardner, 16 Apr 1944 - 31 May 1945
  • Col John F. Whiteley, 1 Jun 1945 - 31 Jul 1946
  • Brig Gen Carl A. Brandt, 1 Aug 1946 - 30 Jun 1948
  • Col Harry E. Wilson, 1 Jul 1948 - 7 Sep 1949
  • Col George M. McNeese, 8 Sep 1949 - 28 Sep 1949 (acting)
  • Col Murray C. Woodbury, 29 Sep 1949 - c. 19 Dec 1950
  • Col Joshua H. Foster Jr., c. 20 Dec 1950 - 31 Mar 1952
  • Col Joseph B. Stanley, 1 Apr 1952 - 14 Jan 1955
  • Col Frank H. Mears, c. 15 Jan 1955 - c. 13 Aug 1957
  • Col Frank G. Jamison, c. 14 Aug 1957 - 14 Apr 1958
  • Col John N. Reynolds, 15 Apr 1958 - 18 Jun 1961
  • Col Ronald F. Fallows, 19 Jun 1961 - 22 Oct 1963
  • Col Wilbur J. Grumbles, 23 Oct 1963 - 31 Jul 1966
  • Col Thornton C. Peck, 1 Aug 1966 - 28 Feb 1970
  • Col Paul L. Maret, 1 Mar 1970 - 15 Oct 1970
  • Col William R. Morton, 16 Oct 1970 - 31 Jul 1974
  • Col Kenneth I. Gunnarson, 1 Aug 1974 - 7 Sep 1975
  • Col Roderick G. Griffin, 8 Sep 1975 - 31 Mar 1977
  • Col William M. Burkett, 1 Apr 1977 - 30 Sep 1979
  • Col Roy L. Ripley, 1 Oct 1979 -


Major commands

USAAC/USAAF
  • Air Corps Training Center, 9 Jun 1935 - 27 Aug 1940
  • Southeast Air Corps Training Center, 27 Aug 1940 - 1 Apr 1942
  • AAF Proving Ground Command, 1 Apr 1942 - 1 Jun 1945
  • AAF Center, 1 Jun 1945 - 8 Mar 1946
  • AAF Proving Ground Command, 8 Mar 1946 -10 Jul 1946
  • Air Proving Ground Command, 10 Jul 1946 - 20 Jan 1948


United States Air Force
  • Air Materiel Command, 20 Jan 1948 - 1 Jun 1948
  • Air Proving Ground, 1 Jun 1948 - 20 Dec 1951
  • Air Proving Ground Command, 20 Dec 1951 - 1 Dec 1957
  • Air Research and Development Command, 1 Dec 1957 - 1 Apr 1961
  • Air Force Systems Command, 1 Apr 1961 - 1 Jul 1992
  • Air Force Materiel Command, 1 Jul 1992 - Present


Base operating units

USAAC/USAAF
  • 84th Service Sq (Det), 14 Jun 1935 - 1 Sep 1936
  • Section V, Eglin Field Section, 13th Air Base Sq, 1 Sep 1936 - 1 Aug 1940
  • Det 13th Air Base Sq, 1 Aug 1940 - 1 Dec 1940
  • 61st Air Base Gp, 1 Dec 1940 - 19 Jun 1942
  • 51st Base HQ and Air Base Sq, 19 Jun 1942 - 1 Apr 1944
  • 610th AAF Base Unit, 1 Apr 1944 - 30 Jun 1947
  • 609th AAF Base Unit, 1 Jul 1947 - 1 Jul 1948


United States Air Force
  • 3201st Air Base Gp, 1 Jul 1948 - 31 Mar 1951
  • 3201st Air Base Wg, 31 Mar 1951 - 8 Aug 1951
  • 3201st Air Base Gp, 8 Aug 1951 - 1 Jul 1953
  • 3201st Air Base Wg, 1 Jul 1953 - 16 Sep 1964
  • 3201st Air Base Gp, 16 Sep 1964 - 1 Jun 1992
  • 96th Air Base Wing, 1 Jun 1992 - Present


Operational history

In 1931, personnel of the Air Corps Tactical School (Maxwell Fieldmarker, Alabamamarker) while looking for a bombing and gunnery range, saw the potential of the sparsely populated forested areas surrounding Valparaiso and the vast expanse of the adjacent Gulf of Mexico.

Local businessman and airplane buff James E. Plew saw the potential of a military payroll to boost the local area’s depression-stricken economy. He leased from the City of Valparaiso the on which an airport was established in 1933, and in 1934, Plew offered the U.S. government a donation of contiguous for the bombing and gunnery base. This leasehold became the headquarters for the Valparaiso Bombing and Gunnery Base activated on 14 June 1935, under the command of Captain Arnold H. Rich.

With the outbreak of war in Europe, a proving ground for aircraft armament was established at Eglin. The U.S. Forestry ceded to the War Department the Choctawhatchee National Forestmarker on 18 October 1940. Hunters had to be reminded regularly that the base reservation was now off-limits in 1941-1942 and there was some local resentment at the handover. On 15 May 1941, the Air Corps Proving Ground (later the Proving Ground Command) was activated, and Eglin became the site for gunnery training for Army Air Forces fighter pilots, as well as a major testing center for aircraft, equipment, and tactics. The 23rd Composite Group moved from Orlando to Eglin Field, 1 July 1941. It comprised the 1st Pursuit Squadron, the 54th Bombardment Squadron (M), the 24th Bombardment Squadron (L), the 54th School Squadron, the 61st Air Base Group, and the 3rd Gunnery and Bombing Range Detachment.

In March 1942, the base served as one of the sites for Lieutenant Colonel Jimmy Doolittle to prepare his B-25 crews for their raid against Tokyo. A number of auxiliary fields were constructed on the Eglin reservation at this time, many of which are still in service in various roles, either in support of flight operations or special test activities.

On 12 July 1943, Eglin suffered its worst loss of life when 17 personnel were killed in an explosives test at ~1700 hrs. Wartime censorship and the fact that 15 of the 17 were airmen of the African-American-staffed 867th Aviation Engineering Battalion contributed to the accident receiving virtually no publicity. The identities of the dead, including the two white officers supervising, were never released, and only one small newspaper article was published mentioning the incident. The Okaloosa News-Journal, Crestview, Florida, reported that the base "Public Relations office, who made the announcement, stated that the names of the men would not be released until the next of kin had been notified. Bodies of two officers were brought to McLaughlin Funeral Home in Crestview while those of the colored victims were taken to a parlor in Pensacola. No announcement has been made as to how the accident occured [sic]." A documentary, the "Eglin 17", debuted at the 2009 African American Heritage Month luncheon at the Eglin Air Force Base Officer's Club on 18 February 2009, providing the story of the forgotten accident. "The cause and circumstances surrounding the incident remain 'clouded in mystery,' according to the documentary," although Lt. Col. Allen Howser (Ret.), featured in the documentary, recalled that it was part of an exercise to test fire a newly acquired explosive.

At its wartime peak, the base employed more than 1,000 officers, 10,000 enlisted personnel and 4,000 civilians.

"In January 1944, Eglin became an important contributor to 'Operation Crossbow,' which called for the destruction of German missile launching facilities. Thousands worked around the clock for 12 days to construct a duplicate German V-1 facility. Subsequent bombing runs against this copycat facility taught Army Air Forces tacticians which attack angles and weapons would prove most effective against the German launchers."

After the war, Eglin became a pioneer in developing the techniques for missile launching and handling; and the development of drone or pilotless aircraft beginning with the Republic-Ford JB-2 Loon, an American copy of the V-1. The 1st Experimental Guided Missiles Group was activated at Eglin Field, Florida on 6 February 1946. Pursuant to an order from the War Department, dated 25 January 1946, the Commanding General of the Army Air Forces Center at Eglin Field was directed to activate the Headquarters, 1st Experimental Guided Missiles Group, the 1st Experimental Guided Missiles Squadron and the 1st Experimental Air Service Squadron. The total authorized strength for the three organizations was 130 officers, one warrant officer and 714 enlisted men. Eglin's commander was directed to supply manpower for the units from his own resources, but, given the recent postwar demobilization, his ability to do so was extremely limited. Operations were conducted out of Auxiliary Field 3 (Duke Fieldmarker). On 13 January 1947, a successful drone flight from Eglin to Washington, D.C.marker was conducted utilizing a QB-17 Flying Fortress. A QB-17G, 44-85648, was utilized in a ditching test program at Eglin in 1948 when it was landed in the water by radio control. Ironically, although nine of the approximately 43 surviving intact B-17s in the world were assigned to the 3200th and 3205th Drone Groups at Eglin, the example displayed at the Armament Museum is not one one of them, having been a former U.S. Navy PB-1W patrol model.

January 1948 was the first month without an aviation accident since the base was founded. Total flying hours for the month were 3,725, "an usually high number for the Proving Ground," said Lt. Gerald E. Gibson, aircraft safety officer for the base. A six-month fatality-free period came to an end on 9 April 1948 when a pilot was killed in a P-51 crash N of Crestview, Floridamarker.



In 1950, the Air Force Armament Center was established at Eglin. After the start of the Korean War, test teams moved to the combat theater for testing in actual combat. In 1957, the Air Force combined the Air Proving Ground Command and the Air Force Armament Center to form the Air Proving Ground Center. In 1968, the Air Proving Ground Center was redesignated the Armament Development and Test Center to centralize responsibility for research, development, test and evaluation, and initial acquisition of nonnuclear munitions for the Air Force.

On 1 December 1958, the 4135th Strategic Wing of the Second Air Force, Strategic Air Command, flying the B-52 Stratofortress and KC-135 Stratotanker, was assigned to Eglin as part of SAC's dispersal program. The wing was reassigned to the Eighth Air Force, 822nd Air Division on 1 January 1959.

From the late 1940s through the mid 1960s, Eglin played host to annual Fire Power Demonstrations on its extensive test ranges. President John F. Kennedy attended one such event on 4 May 1962.

With the increasing U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia in the 1960s, the need for increased emphasis on conventional weapons development made Eglin's mission even more important. On 1 August 1968, the Air Proving Ground Center was redesignated the Armament Development and Test Center to centralize responsibility for research, development, test and evaluation, and initial acquisition of non-nuclear munitions for the Air Force. On 1 October 1979, the Center was given division status. The Armament Division, redesignated Munitions Systems Division on 15 March 1989, placed into production the precision-guided munitions for the laser, television, and infrared guided bombs; two anti-armor weapon systems; and an improved hard target weapon, the GBU-28, used in Operation Desert Storm during the Persian Gulf War. The Division was also responsible for developing the Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile (AMRAAM), an Air Force-led joint project with the U.S. Navy.

In 1975, the installation served as one of four main U.S. Vietnamesemarker Refugee Processing Centers, where base personnel housed and processed more than 10,000 Southeast Asian refugees. Eglin again became an Air Force refugee resettlement center processing over 10,000 Cubansmarker who fled to the U.S. between April and May 1980.



During a 1992 reorganization, the Air Force disestablished Eglin's parent major command, Air Force Systems Command (AFSC) and merged its functions with the former Air Force Logistics Command (AFLC). The newly created major command from this merger, Air Force Material Command (AFMC), remains Eglin's parent command to this day. The Development Test Center, Eglin's host unit, became part of AFMC on 30 June 1992.

In 1998, as part of the Air Forces' strategic plan to guide the service into the 21st century, the Air Force Development Test Center became the Air Force Materiel Command's Air Armament Center (AAC), responsible for development, acquisition, testing, and fielding all air-delivered weapons.

In February 2009 it was announced that Eglin would become the home base to 59 F-35B fighters, divided into one squadron each for the USAF, USN, and USMC. The first aircraft would arrive in March 2010, and deliveries would continue until 2014. In an ironic turn from the past, given how closely the founding of the base is tied to the history and businesses of Valparaiso, Floridamarker, the Valparaiso Commission voted, 3-0, on Wednesday 18 February 2009 to sue the Air Force over the Record of Decision on 6 February to bring the F-35 training operations to Eglin. Citing concerns over noise levels of the new jet, the city has until 5 April to file suit in federal court, sixty days from the military's announcement. The city had previously filed a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit to gain more information on the potential impact of the JSF operations on the community, located under certain potential flight paths. The Air Force has received five bids for the $100 million in military construction money in preparation for arrival of the F-35 since the 6 February announcement, with at least four more bids in the works. "Military construction is expected to bring nearly $700 million to the area," reported the Northwest Florida Daily News on 19 February, but this may be jeopardized by the actions of Valparaiso city officials. Other communities in the region view the Valparaiso actions with disdain, and billboards have been erected in the Fort Walton Beach area supporting the F-35 decision. The Valparaiso mayor, Bruce Arnold, called the special meeting when he knew that the two city commissioners in favor of the F-35 basing decision would be unavailable - one out of town at Creech Air Force Base, Nevada, on business, and the other attending to his regular job.

Eglin AFB emblem gallery

Image:46th Test Wing.pngImage:96th Air Base Wing.pngImage:33d Fighter Wing.pngImage:53d Wing.pngImage:308th Armament Systems Wing.pngImage:919th Special Operations Wing.png


Demographics

Eglin employs more than 8,500 military and approximately 4,500 civilians, with an additional 2,200 jobs due to move to Eglin under the 2005 BRAC.

As of the census of 2000, there were 8,082 people, 2,302 households, and 2,262 families residing on the base. The population density was 2,640.1 people per square mile (1,019.8/km²). There were 2,320 housing units at an average density of 757.9/sq mi (292.7/km²). The racial makeup of the base was 71.79% White, 14.82% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 2.96% Asian, 0.38% Pacific Islander, 4.23% from other races, and 5.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.19% of the population.

There were 2,302 households out of which 79.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 89.8% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 1.7% were non-families. 1.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 0.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.50 and the average family size was 3.51.

On the base the population was spread out with 43.5% under the age of 18, 15.2% from 18 to 24, 39.6% from 25 to 44, 1.6% from 45 to 64, and 0.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 100.6 males.

The median income for a household on the base was $31,951, and the median income for a family was $31,859. Males had a median income of $25,409 versus $19,176 for females. The per capita income for the base was $10,670. About 4.5% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under the age of 18 and none of those 65 and older.

National historic status

There are two U.S. National Historic Landmark Districts with connections to the base: Camp Pinchot and Eglin Field.

Notable residents



Eglin AFB in pop culture



Climate

Warm, subtropical weather lasts almost nine months out of the year. The annual precipitation ranges from to . Year-round, the average temperatures run:

Jan - Mar: 60-69 High and 42-51 Low

Apr - Jun: 76-88 High and 58-72 Low

Jul - Sep: 86-89 High and 70-77 Low

Oct - Dec: 63-79 High and 44-69 Low

The area gets only 50 to 60 days of annual precipitation or more rainfall. There are few days without sunshine, which allows year-round outdoor activities.

Environment

The forests and shores of Eglin Air Force Base are at the center of one of the most biodiverse locations in North America. Over 50 species threatened in Florida are found on the base, including sea turtles that nest on its white-sand beaches and red-cockaded woodpeckers that thrive in its longleaf pine forests. The base has a natural resources management team that constantly monitors important species within the base with the goal of balancing their national defense mission with environmental stewardship. Longleaf pine forest, a forest type reduced to 5% of its former range in the last few centuries, covers of the base. Part of this forest, , is old growth, making the base home to one of the most extensive old-growth longleaf pine forests in the world.

Civil rocketry

Eglin Air Force Base is also a launch site for civil rockets of NASAmarker. There are three launch pads: one at 29.6700 N, 85.3700 W at Cape San Blas; and two on Santa Rosa Island at 30.3800 N, 86.7400 W and 30.3800 N, 86.8170 W. Rockets launched here have included Arcas, Nike Cajun, Nike Apaches, and Nike Iroquois. This site was formerly operated by the 4751st ADS with CIM-10 Bomarcs, inactivated in 1973. In the 1940s, captured V-1 flying bombs and American copies, Republic-Ford JB-2 LOONs, were launched out over the Gulf of Mexicomarker from these sites. A rusting Loon launch ramp still exists at Auxiliary Field 1, Wagner Field.

See also



Notes

  1. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 46D.
  2. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 47.
  3. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 7.
  4. Crestview, Florida, "James E. Plew Called Founder Of Eglin Proving Grounds", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday 31 October 1941, Volume 27, Number 42, page 8.
  5. Crestview, Florida, "Eglin Gets $64,842.00 Project - Work Will Start When Present Job Is Completed", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday 16 August 1940, Volume 26, Number 32, page 1.
  6. Crestview, Florida, "Eglin To Have A CCC Camp - Youth Will Clear Land For Air Corps Proving Grounds", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday 30 August 1940, page 1.
  7. Crestview, Florida, "1,000 Men Now Work At Eglin - More WPA Laborers Now Being Put To Work This Week", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday 22 November 1940, Volume 26, Number 46, page 1.
  8. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 28.
  9. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 29.
  10. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 33.
  11. Crestview, Florida, "Houses Scarce At Eglin - Many Men To Be Stationed There When Quarters Ready", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday 31 January 1941, Volume 27, Number 4, page 1.
  12. Crestview, Florida, Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday 23 May 1941, Volume 27, Number 20, page 1.
  13. Crestview, Florida, "Worker At Eglin Is Killed When Truck Frame Breaks Up", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday, 6 June 1941, Volume 27, Number 22, page 1.
  14. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 55.
  15. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 56.
  16. Crestview, Florida, "Sets Up $202,536 For Eglin - To Install Water, Sewage and Light Facilities at Base", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday, 18 April 1941, Volumne 27, Number 15, page 1.
  17. Crestview, Florida, "Housing Project Complete", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday 31 October 1941, Volume 27, Number 42, page 1.
  18. Crestview, Florida, "Officers Take Over Valparaiso Inn", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday, 6 June 1941, Volume 27, Number 22, page 1.
  19. Angell, Joseph W., "History of the Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command - Part One - Historical Outline 1933-1944", The Historical Branch, Army Air Forces Proving Ground Command, Eglin Field, Florida, 1944, reprint by Office of History, Munitions Systems Division, Eglin AFB, Florida, 1989, page 56.
  20. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doolittle_Raid
  21. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doolittle_Raid
  22. http://www.j-aircraft.com/research/WarPrizes.htm
  23. Jenkins, Dennis R., "Magnesium Overcast: The Story of the Convair B-36", Specialty Press, North Branch, Minnesota, 2001-2002, Library of Congress card number 2001049195, ISBN 978-1-58007-129-1, pages 14-15.
  24. Dorr, Robert F., "An Industry of Prototypes - Boeing XF8B - Boeing's last fighter", Wings of Fame, Volume 8, AIRtime Publishing Inc., Westport, Connecticut, 1997, ISBN 1-880588-23-4, pages 98-99.
  25. Knaack, Marcelle Size, Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988, ISBN 0-16-002260-6, page 21.
  26. Knaack, Marcelle Size, Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988, ISBN 0-16-002260-6, page 526.
  27. Knaack, Marcelle Size, Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988, ISBN 0-16-002260-6, page 32.
  28. Knaack, Marcelle Size, Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988, ISBN 0-16-002260-6, page 110.
  29. Knaack, Marcelle Size, Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988, ISBN 0-16-002260-6, page 166.
  30. "C-130 Turbo-Prop Aircraft Takes Service Mail Abroad." Playground News, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, 11 April 1957: page 2.
  31. Knaack, Marcelle Size, Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988, ISBN 0-16-002260-6, page 138.
  32. Fort Walton Beach, Florida, "SAC 'Hound Dog' Missile Goes Aloft on Big Bomber", Playground News, Thursday, 4 February 1960, Volume 15, Number 2, page 11.
  33. Fort Walton, Florida, "Eglin Keeps 'Em Rolling, Too, On Rails", Playground News, Thursday , Volume 7, Number 45, page 1.
  34. A June 1978 image of an ALCO RSD-1 locomotive at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
  35. Knaack, Marcelle Size, Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988, ISBN 0-16-002260-6, pages 275-276.
  36. Fort Walton Beach, Florida, "SAC 'Hound Dog' Missile Goes Aloft on Big Bomber", Playground News, Thursday, 4 February 1960, Volume 15, Number 2, page 11.
  37. Fort Walton Beach, Florida, "'Hound Dog' Missile Makes First Flight Over Range", Playground News, Thursday, 7 April 1960, Volume 15, Number "10" (actually No. 11), page 5.
  38. Knaack, Marcelle Size, Post-World War II Bombers, 1945-1973. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History, 1988, ISBN 0-16-002260-6, page 275.
  39. Mueller, Robert, "Air Force Bases Volume 1: Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982", United States Air Force Historical Research Center, Office of Air Force History, Washington, D.C., 1989, ISBN 0-912799-53-6, page 136.
  40. Fort Walton Beach, Florida, "Fiery Crash of Drone Plane Kills Two, Injures One – Four Firemen Overcome In Wake Of Blaze", Playground Daily News, Tuesday, 20 August 1963, Volume 16, Number 271, page 1.
  41. Lloyd, Alwyn T., "Boeing's B-47 Stratojet", Specialty Press, North Branch, Minnesota, 2005, ISBN 978-1-58007-071-3, pages 199-201.
  42. http://www.i-f-s.nl/QF104A.html
  43. Fort Walton Beach, Florida, "Eglin Air Rescue Men Recover Saturn Cassettes", Playground Daily News, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, Monday Morning, 3 February 1964, Volume 17, Number 258.
  44. Schemmer, Benjamin F., The Raid, Harper & Row, Publishers, ISBN 0-553-75625-7 (1976), p. 36 and p. 153.
  45. Hall, George, Superbase 17 - Eglin, Osprey Publishing Limited, London, UK, 1990, ISBN 0-85045-988-5, page 6.
  46. Davies, Steve, and Dildy, Doug, "F-15 Eagle Engaged - The World's Most Successful Jet Fighter", Osprey Publishing, Botley, Oxford, UK, 2007, ISBN 978-1-84603-169-4, page 149.
  47. Mueller, Robert, "Air Force Bases Volume 1: Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982", United States Air Force Historical Research Center, Office of Air Force History, Washington, D.C., 1989, ISBN 0-912799-53-6, pages 133-135.
  48. Shirah, Leigh, "One hundred years and counting - Former Eglin AFB commander looks back on his Air Force career with pride", The Eglin Dispatch, Northwest Florida Daily News, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, Friday, 25 January 2008, Volume 2, Number 4, pages 3-4.
  49. Crestview, Florida, Okaloosa News-Journal, various issues
  50. Hutchinson, Leonard Patrick, "History of the Playground Area of Northwest Florida", Great Outdoors Publishing Co., St. Petersburg, Florida, 1st ed., 1961, no Library of Congress card number, no ISBN, page 81.
  51. Hutchinson, Leonard Patrick, "History of the Playground Area of Northwest Florida", Great Outdoors Publishing Co., St. Petersburg, Florida, 1st ed., 1961, no Library of Congress card number, no ISBN, page 81.
  52. Crestview, Florida, "Houses Scarce At Eglin - Many Men To Be Stationed There When Quarters Ready", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday 31 January 1941, Volume 27, Number 4, page 1.
  53. Crestview, Florida, "Explosion Takes Lives of 17 Men at Eglin Field", Okaloosa News-Journal, Friday, 16 July 1943, Volume 30, Number 22,page 1.
  54. Hernandez, Kelli, "'The Eglin 17'", Northwest Florida Daily News, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, Thursday 19 February 2009, Volume 63, Number 20, pages A1, A7.
  55. Hutchinson, Leonard Patrick, "History of the Playground Area of Northwest Florida", Great Outdoors Publishing Co., St. Petersburg, Florida, 1st ed., 1961, no Library of Congress card number, no ISBN, page 84.
  56. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/eglin.htm
  57. http://www.fas.org/spp/military/program/6555th/6555c1-1.htm
  58. Thompson, Scott A., "Final Cut - The Post-War B-17 Flying Fortress: The Survivors", Revised Edition, Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, Missoula, Montana,2000, ISBN 1-57510-077-0.
  59. Fort Walton, Florida, "January Free Of Accidents At Eglin Field", Playground News, Thursday 26 February 1948, Volume 3, Number 4, page 1.
  60. Fort Walton, Florida, "Captain Robbins Killed When P-51 Crashes in Woods", Playground News, Thursday 15 April 1948, Volume 3, Number 11, page 1.
  61. Wenzel, Tracy, Daily News Staff Writer, "Eglin host unit is reorganized", Northwest Florida Daily News, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, Wednesday 1 July 1992, Volume 47, Number 146, page 1B.
  62. http://www.deagel.com/news/US-Air-Force-Navy-and-Marine-Corps-to-Get-59-F-35-Jets-to-Be-Based-at-Eglin-AFB_n000005662.aspx
  63. Moore, Mona, "Val-P to sue the Air Force", Northwest Florida Daily News, Thursday, 19 February 2009, Volume 63, Number 20, page A1.
  64. Moore, Mona, "Val-P to sue the Air Force", Northwest Florida Daily News, Thursday, 19 February 2009, Volume 63, Number 20, page A7.


References

  • Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982 USAF Reference Series, Office of Air Force History, United States Air Force, Washington, D.C., 1989
  • Ravenstein, Charles A., Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977, Office of Air Force History, 1984
  • Endicott, Judy G., USAF Active Flying, Space, and Missile Squadrons as of 1 October 1995. Office of Air Force History
  • Martin, Patrick, Tail Code: The Complete History of USAF Tactical Aircraft Tail Code Markings, 1994
  • USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to present


External links




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