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The eight-thousanders are the fourteen independent mountains on Earth that are more than high above sea level. They are all located in the Himalayanmarker and Karakorammarker mountain ranges in Asia.

The first recorded attempt on an eight-thousander took place on the expedition by Albert F. Mummery, and J. Norman Collie to Nanga Parbatmarker in the territory of Kashmir (in present day Pakistan Administered Kashmir) in 1895; this attempt failed as Mummery and two Gurkhas, Ragobir and Goman Singh, were killed by an avalanche.

The first recorded successful ascent of an eight-thousander was by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal, who reached the summit of Annapurnamarker on June 3, 1950.

The first person to climb all fourteen eight-thousanders was Reinhold Messner. He completed this task on October 16, 1986. A year later, in 1987, Jerzy Kukuczka became the second climber to accomplish this feat. , a total of seventeen people have followed through undisputed. This is an extremely hazardous feat; at least four people have died while in pursuit of this goal. The man who has climbed the mountains of this category most times is Juanito Oiarzabal; a total of 23 times since 1985 to 2009.

List of eight-thousanders

Peak Height Location First ascent First ascensionist(s) First ascent in winter First ascensionist(s) in winter Ascents Deaths Death rate Death rate
before 1990*
Death rate
since 1990*
Everestmarker 8848 m Nepalmarker/Chinamarker 29 May 1953 Edmund Hillary
Tenzing Norgay
17 Feb 1980

Krzysztof Wielicki
Leszek Cichy
3684 210 5.70% 37% 4.4%
K2marker 8611 m Chinamarker/Pakistanmarker 31 Jul 1954 Achille Compagnoni
Lino Lacedelli
284 66 23.24% 41% 19.7%
Kangchenjungamarker 8586 m Nepalmarker/Indiamarker 25 May 1955 George Band
Joe Brown
11 Jan 1986 Krzysztof Wielicki
Jerzy Kukuczka
209 40 21.4% 21% 22%
Lhotsemarker 8516 m Nepalmarker/Chinamarker 18 May 1956 Fritz Luchsinger
Ernst Reiss
31 Dec 1988 Krzysztof Wielicki 221 11 3.43% 14% 2%
Makalumarker 8485 m Nepalmarker/Chinamarker 15 May 1955 Jean Couzy
Lionel Terray
09 Feb 2009 Simone Moro
Dennis Urubko
234 26 11.11% 16% 8.5%
Cho Oyumarker 8188 m Nepalmarker/Chinamarker 19 Oct 1954 Joseph Joechler
Pasang Dawa Lama
Herbert Tichy

12 Feb 1985 Maciej Berbeka
Maciej Pawlikowski
Jerzy Kukuczka

2668 39 1.46%
Dhaulagiri Imarker 8167 m Nepalmarker 13 May 1960 Kurt Diemberger
Peter Diener
Nawang Dorje
Nima Dorje
Ernst Forrer
Albin Schelbert




21 Jan 1985 Andrzej Czok
Jerzy Kukuczka
358 58 16.20% 31% 11%
Manaslumarker 8163 m Nepalmarker 09 May 1956 Toshio Imanishi
Gyalzen Norbu
14 Jan 1984 Maciej Berbeka
Ryszard Gajewski
297 53 17.85% 35.16% 13.42%
Nanga Parbatmarker 8126 m Pakistanmarker 03 Jul 1953 Hermann Buhl 287 64 22.30% 77% 5.5%
Annapurna Imarker 8091 m Nepalmarker 03 Jun 1950 Maurice Herzog
Louis Lachenal
03 Feb 1987 Jerzy Kukuczka
Artur Hajzer
153 58 42.85% 66% 19.7%
Gasherbrum Imarker (also known as Hidden Peakmarker) 8080 m Pakistanmarker/Chinamarker 05 Jul 1958 Andrew Kauffman
Pete Schoening
265 25 9.43% 15.5% 8.75%
Broad Peakmarker 8051 m Chinamarker/Pakistanmarker 09 Jun 1957 Fritz Wintersteller
Marcus Schmuck
Kurt Diemberger
Hermann Buhl




359 19 5.29% 5% 8.6%
Gasherbrum IImarker 8034 m Chinamarker/Pakistanmarker 08 Jul 1956 Fritz Moravec
Josef Larch
Hans Willenpart

836 19 2.27% 7.8% 0.44%
Shishapangmamarker 8027 m Chinamarker 02 May 1964 Hsu Ching

Chang Chun-yen

Wang Fuzhou

Chen San

Cheng Tien-liang

Wu Tsung-yue

Sodnam Doji

Migmar Trashi

Doji

Yonten
14 Jan 2005 Piotr Morawski
Simone Moro
274 23 8.39% 2% 16.8%


* As of September 2003, data from Chinese National Geography 2006.8, page 77.

Verified climbers who have reached the summit of all 14 eight-thousanders

Field 02 lists people who have peaked all 14 without bottled oxygen.

Order
accomplished
All without
O2 (order)
Name Period born at age Nationality
1 1 Reinhold Messner 1970-1986 1944 42 Italian
2 Jerzy Kukuczka 1979-1987 1948 39 Polish
3 2 Erhard Loretan 1982-1995 1959 36 Swiss
4 Carlos Carsolio 1985-1996 1962 33 Mexican
5 Krzysztof Wielicki 1980-1996 1950 46 Polish
6 3 Juanito Oiarzabal 1985-1999 1956 43 Spanish
7 Sergio Martini 1983-2000 1949 51 Italian
8 Young Seok Park 1993-2001 1963 38 Korean
9 Uhm Hong gil 1988-2001 1960 40 Korean
10 4 Alberto Iñurrategi 1991-2002 1968 33 Spanish
11 Wang Yong Han 1994-2003 1966 37 Korean
12 5 Ed Viesturs 1989-2005 1959 46 American
13 6 Silvio Mondinelli 1993-2007 1958 49 Italian
14 7 Ivan Vallejo 1997-2008 1959 49 Ecuador
15 8 Denis Urubko 2000-2009 1973 35 Kazakhstan
16 Ralf Dujmovits 1990-2009 1961 47 German
17 9 Veikka Gustafsson 1993-2009 1968 41 Finnish
18 10 Andrew Lock 1993-2009 1961 48 Australian

Disputed

Disputes occur when not enough evidence was provided to claim the climb up to the highest peak.

Name Period born at age Nationality
Alan Hinkes (Cho Oyu 1990) 1987-2005 1954 53 British
Fausto De Stefani (Lhotse 1997) 1983-1998 1952 46 Italy
Vladislav Terzyul 1993-2002(died) 1953 49 Ukrainian


Climbers and 8000 peaks (As of August 7, 2009)

Source: Climbers with 10 to 14 MAIN 8000ers in www.8000ers.comat [44387]

13 Fausto De Stefani (ITA)

13 Abele Blanc (ITA)

13 Christian Kuntner (ITA)

13 Alan Hinkes (UK)

13 Norbert Joos (SUI)

13 Piotr Pustelnik (POL)

13 Bianba Zaxi (CHN)

13 Cering Doje (CHN)

13 Luoze (CHN)

13 João Garcia (POR)

13 Oh Eun-Sun (KOR), female


12 Hans Kammerlander (ITA)

12 Félix Iñurrategi (ESP)--summited Gasherbrum II but died on descent

12 Vladislav Terzyul (UKR)--summited Makalu but died on descent

12 Rena (CHN)

12 Serguey Bogomolov (RUS)

12 Iñaki Ochoa de Olza (ESP)

12 Maxut Zhumayev (KAZ)

12 Vassili Pivtsov (KAZ)

12 Edurne Pasaban (ESP), female

12 Hirotaka Takeuchi (JPN)

12 Gerlinde Kaltenbrunner (AUT), female


11 Jean-Christophe Lafaille (FRA)

11 Nives Meroi (ITA), female

11 Romano Benet (ITA)

11 Serap Jangbu Sherpa (NEP)

11 Go Mi-Sun sometimes spelled Ko Mi Young (KOR), female--summited Nanga Parbat but died on descent


10 Viktor Groselj (SLO)

10 Benoit Chamoux (FRA)

10 Oh Hee-Jun (KOR)

10 Mario Panzeri (ITA)

10 Kim Jae-Soo (KOR)



Gallery

Image:Everest kalapatthar crop.jpg| EverestImage:K2 2006b.jpg| K2Image:Kangchenjunga.JPG| KangchenjungaImage:LhotseMountain.jos.500pix.jpg| LhotseImage:Makalu from Island Peak.jpg|MakaluImage:ChoOyu-fromGokyo.jpg| Cho OyuImage:DhaulagiriMountain.jos.500pix.jpg| DhaulagiriImage:Manaslu, from base camp trip.jpg| ManasluImage:Nanga parbat, Pakistan by gul791.jpg| Nanga ParbatImage:AnnapurnaSouthMountain.jos.500pix.jpg| AnnapurnaImage:HiddenPeak.jpg|Gasherbrum IImage:7 15 BroadPeak.jpg| Broad PeakImage:Gasherbrum2.jpg| Gasherbrum IIImage:Shishapangma.jpg| Shishapangma

Notes

  1. In making any "highest mountains" list, one needs to use a criterion to exclude subpeaks and only list independent mountains. There is no universally agreed-upon such criterion. However the (generally accepted) list of fourteen eight-thousanders is obtained if one uses a topographic prominence cutoff of between 200 and 500 metres (610 and 1524 feet). Some eight-thousand metre subpeaks have been climbed as goals in themselves, for example Lhotse Middle, but this is quite rare.
  2. Geographical facts and first ascents information of the Main 8000ers http://www.8000ers.com/cms/en/8000ers-mainmenu-205.html
  3. http://www.8000ers.com/cms/download.html?func=startdown&id=184 Complete ascent - fatalities statistics of all 14 main 8000ers
  4. The summits of K2, Gasherbrum I, Gasherbrum II and Broad Peak are on the de facto border between Pakistan and China along the "Karakoram" range. They are claimed by India. The most common ascent routes to the summits are largely via Pakistan, with some climbing from the China side.
  5. The summits of K2, Gasherbrum I, Gasherbrum II and Broad Peak are on the de facto border between Pakistan and China along the "Karakoram" range. They are claimed by India. The most common ascent routes to the summits are largely via Pakistan, with some climbing from the China side.
  6. The summits of K2, Gasherbrum I, Gasherbrum II and Broad Peak are on the de facto border between Pakistan and China along the "Karakoram" range. They are claimed by India. The most common ascent routes to the summits are largely via Pakistan, with some climbing from the China side.
  7. The summits of K2, Gasherbrum I, Gasherbrum II and Broad Peak are on the de facto border between Pakistan and China along the "Karakoram" range. They are claimed by India. The most common ascent routes to the summits are largely via Pakistan, with some climbing from the China side.
  8. climbers who have reached the summit of all 14 eight-thousanders http://www.8000ers.com/cms/download.html?func=startdown&id=155
  9. http://www.ralf-dujmovits.de/biografie.php
  10. http://www.andrew-lock.com


See also





External links




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