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El Alamein (or Al Alamayn) ( , which means "the two flags") is a town in northern Egyptmarker on the Mediterranean Seamarker coast in Matruh Governorate. It is west of Alexandriamarker and northwest of Cairomarker. The population was about 7,397 in 2007.

Until recently, it has mainly been a port facility for shipping oil, but like the whole north coast of Egypt is now developing as a luxury resort.

Two important World War II battles were fought in the area:

  • At the First Battle of El Alameinmarker (July 1, – July 27, 1942) the advance of Axis troops on Alexandria was blunted by the Allies, when the German Panzers tried to outflank the allied position.
  • At the Second Battle of El Alameinmarker (October 23 – November 4, 1942) Allied forces broke the Axis line and forced them all the way back to Tunisiamarker. Winston Churchill said of this victory: "Now this is not the end, nor is it even the beginning of the end, but it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning." He also wrote "Before Alamein, we had no victory and after it we had no defeats".


Climate

With typical Mediterranean climate El Alamein is blessed with pleasant weather all over the year. With cold winters and warm hot summers. Alamein is also known for its outstanding unpolluted virgin environment, air and beaches.

Tourism

El Alamein has a war museum with collectibles from "the civil war" and other North African battles. Visitors can also go to the Italian and German Military Cemetery on Tel el-Eisa Hill just outside the town. The German cemetery is an ossuary with the remains of 4,200 German soldiers, built in the style of a medieval fortress. The Italian cemetery is a mausoleum containing many galleries of tombs. Many tombs bear the soldier's name; many are simply marked "IGNOTO", unknown.

There is also a Commonwealth war cemetery with graves of soldiers from various countries who fought on the Britishmarker side. This has monuments commemorating Greekmarker, New Zealandmarker, Australia, South African and Indian forces. [Note: Remains of United States soldiers were not buried here.] The Commonwealth cemetery, as is common at many such cemeteries in the world, consists of parallel rows of gravestones, each one bearing an engraving of the deceased soldier's unit emblem, his name and an epitaph from his family.

Alamein City image gallery

File:Alamin 1.jpg|File:Alamin 12.JPG|Close to the Germanmarker CemeteryFile:Alamin 2.jpg|The Italian Cemetery, AlaminFile:Alamin 27.JPG|The Commonwealth Cemetery, AlameinFile:Alamin 29.JPG|Alamin's Commonwealth Cemetery from insideFile:Alamin 30.JPG|Alamin's Commonwealth Cemetery from insideFile:Alamin 33.JPG|Commonwealth Cemetery in AlameinFile:Alamin 34.jpg|Commonwealth Cemetery in AlameinFile:Alamin 39.JPG|A Greekmarker soldier's graveyard in AlaminFile:Alamin 42.jpg|Greek soldier's graveyard in AlaminFile:Alamin 46.JPG|Mediterraneanmarker trees and shrubsFile:Alamin 5.jpg|Native North African doves


See also



References

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