The Full Wiki

El Calafate: Map


Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:

Avenida del Libertador, the town's main street
Residential section
El Calafate is a small town in Patagonia, Argentinamarker. It is situated in the southern border of Lake Argentinomarker, in the southwest part of the Santa Cruz Provincemarker, about 320 km Northwest from Río Gallegos. Its name comes from a little bush with yellow flowers very common in Patagonia, with dark blue berries: the calafate (Berberis buxifolia); the word comes from the word "calafate", which is Spanish for "caulk".

El Calafate is an important tourist destination as the hub to visit different parts of the Los Glaciares National Parkmarker, including the Perito Moreno Glaciermarker (one of the most visited in the world) and the Cerro Chalténmarker and Cerro Torremarker.


The history of El Calafate began in the first decades of the twentieth century. Originally, it was just a place of shelter for wool traders. It was officially founded in 1927 by the government of Argentina to promote an increase in its population. But it was not until the creation of the national park that the little village, already with electrical power, started to grow slowly, and better roads were built to reach it.


The 220 kilometers separating Calafate from El Chalténmarker on the other side of the Lake Argentinomarker in the national park are paved, as well as the 315 kilometres to Río Gallegos. Other distances are: to Esquel 1108 km (mostly dirt road); Comodoro Rivadavia 959 km; Puerto Madryn 1388 km; Buenos Airesmarker 2727 km; Ushuaiamarker 863 km and in Chilemarker Puerto Natalesmarker 362 km and Punta Arenasmarker 605 km.

The town is served by El Calafate International Airportmarker located some 20 km east of the village, at coordinates . Opened in 2001 it has daily flights to Buenos Airesmarker and Trelew. The airport has a 2,200 meters long, 45 meters wide runway that permits Boeing 727 and 737 to serve the area.


In the last census 6,143 permanent residents were counted ( ). This represents a 20.1% increase compared with the 1991 census. However, due to the expansion of tourism, the population was estimated at 8,000 people in 2005. (The population was estimated at 20,000 people in 2007.)


The gliding altitude record of 50,699 feet (15,453 m) was set near El Calafate on 30 August 2006 by Steve Fossettmarker and Einar Enevoldson in their 'Perlan' high altitude research glider. This record is pending certification by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale.



  1. Perlan Project

External links

Embed code:

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address