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Ellington is a town in Tolland Countymarker, Connecticutmarker, United Statesmarker. Ellington was incorporated in May, 1786, from East Windsormarker. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 12,921. Ellington is a rapidly growing community, and is going through the process of suburbanization., which is related to the phenomenon of urban sprawl.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.6 square miles (89.6 km²), of which, 34.0 square miles (88.2 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.4 km²) of it (1.59%) is water.

Ellington is bordered by the towns of East Windsormarker, South Windsormarker, Vernonmarker, Tollandmarker, Willingtonmarker, Staffordmarker, Somersmarker, and Enfieldmarker.

The town has a panhandle extending to the east that extends to the Willimantic River and encompasses Crystal Lakemarker. A large portion of the town's eastern portion is occupied by the Shenipsit State Forestmarker which is bounded on the south by Shenipsit Lakemarker and on the north by Soapstone Mountain.


As of the census of 2000, there were 12,921 people, 5,195 households, and 3,470 families residing in the town. The population density was 379.4 people per square mile (146.5/km²). There were 5,417 housing units at an average density of 159.1/sq mi (61.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.23% White, 0.99% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.44% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.

There were 5,195 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.4% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 35.0% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $62,405, and the median income for a family was $77,813. Males had a median income of $47,334 versus $32,460 for females. The per capita income for the town was $27,766. About 2.7% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 3.9% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 25, 2005
Party Active Voters Inactive Voters Total Voters Percentage

Republican 1,926 67 1,993 22.61%

Democratic 1,905 55 1,960 22.23%

Unaffiliated 4,679 177 4,856 55.09%

Minor Parties 5 1 6 0.07%
Total 8,515 300 8,815 100%

Public Schools

Ellington has five public schools:

Elementary Schools

  • Center School (K-4)
  • Crystal Lake School (K-4)
  • Windermere School (K-6)

Middle School

High School



Though no Interstate Highways run through it, Ellington is approximately equidistant to both Interstate 84 and Interstate 91, each being about a ten to fifteen minute drive from most parts of town.

Several Connecticut State Roads run through town:
  • Connecticut Route 30marker- (Stafford Rd.) The North/South arterial in the Crystal Lakemarker section of town.
  • Connecticut Route 83- (West Rd. & Somers Rd.) The main North/South arterial running through the middle of the town.
  • Connecticut Route 74- (Wapping Wood Rd. & Windsorville Rd.) On the Southern edge of town, a major road in Ellington's Five corners.
  • Connecticut Route 140- (Sadds Mill Rd., Maple St., Crystal Lake Rd., & Sandy Beach Rd.) The town's main East/West arterial, running the complete width of town.
  • Connecticut Route 286- (Pinney St. & Main St.) An arterial running North from Five Corners to the center of town where it turns East and becomes Ellington's Main St.


Ellington was formerly served by a seven mile long rail line built in 1876 running from Vernonmarker to Melrosemarker, that roughly paralleled Pinney St. and Sadds Mill Rd. The rail line became defunct in the middle part of the 20th Century.



Crystal Lake, in the Eastern section of town, is used by many for Recreational boating.


Originally part of the town of Windsormarker, Ellington was part of the town of East Windsormarker from that town's incorporation in 1768 until Ellington split off 20 years later and incorporated itself in May 1786. Mostly known as an agricultural community, the Crystal Lakemarker section of town was for a while a popular summer resort location. Ellington still has a significant amount of property dedicated to agriculture including cattle and corn farming.

Ellington is home to one of America’s oldest roadside memorials. A stone in the southwest corner of the town marks the site where Samuel Knight was killed “by a cartwheel rolling over his head in 10th year of his age, Nov 8, 1812”.

During the late 19th century & early 20th century, Ellington became the center of a community of Jewish immigrant farmers who were settled there by the philanthropist Baron Maurice de Hirsch's Jewish Colonization Association. They built a synagogue, Congregation Knesseth Israelmarker, that is still standing and in use by an active Modern Orthodox congregation today and is on the National Register of Historic Places.

The former Ellington Supermarket, May 2006.

In 1991, Ellington was proposed as a potential site for a low level nuclear waste dump. Strong dissent from area residents forced the state to abandon the plan.

As it enters the 21st Century, Ellington has had the 6th fastest growth rate of all the towns in Connecticut, and has been experiencing changes in growing from a rural farming town to a bedroom community. Exemplative of this change was the displacement of the locally owned Ellington Supermarket by competition from the regional Big Y supermarket chain when a new Big Y was built adjacent to the older supermarket. An independent film entitled The Supermarket, was made about the incident.

People of note from Ellington

See also


External links

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