(September 16, 1876 – October 17, 1947) was a professor of geography at Yale University during the early 20th century, known for his
studies on climatic
determinism, economic growth and
served as Presidents of the Ecological Society of America in 1917,
the Association of American Geographers in 1923 and the President
of the Board of Directors of the American Eugenics Society
1934 to 1938.
at Euphrates College, Turkey (1897–1901);
accompanied the Pumpelly (1903) and
Barrett (1905–1906) expeditions to central
Asia; and wrote of his Asian experiences in Explorations in
Turkestan (1905) and The Pulse of Asia (1907).
geography at Yale (1907–1915)
and from 1917 was a research
associate there, devoting his time chiefly to climatic and anthropogeographic studies.
In 1909, Huntington led The Yale Expedition to Palestine
. It was his mission to determine "step
by step the process by which geologic structure, topographic form,
and the present and past nature of the climate have shaped man's
progress, moulded his history; and thus played an incalculable part
in the development of a system of thought which could scarcely have
arisen under any other physical circumstances.
He was on the original standing committee of the Foundation for the Study of
" West of the Pacific" (1925)