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Elmhurst is a neighborhood in the New York Citymarker borough of Queensmarker. It is bounded by Roosevelt Avenue (Jackson Heights) on the north; Coronamarker to the northeast; Junction Boulevard on the east; Rego Parkmarker to the southeast; the Long Island Expressway on the south; Middle Village to the south and southwest; and Maspethmarker and the New York Connecting Railroad on the west; and Woodsidemarker on the northwest. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 4.

The village was established in 1652 by the Dutch as Middenburgh (Middleburgh), and was a suburb of New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam) in New Netherland (Nieuw Nederland). The original settlers of Elmhurst were from the nearby colony of Maspat (now called Maspethmarker), following threats and attacks by local Indians.

When the British took over New Netherland in 1664, they renamed Middleburgh as New Town (Nieuwe Stad) to maintain the Dutch heritage. This was eventually simplified to Newtown. Among the English settlers in the present Elmhurst section of Newtown was Gershom Moore, in whose orchard a chance seedling produced the Newtown Pippin, Colonial America's most famous apple. Newtown was established as the Town Seat for the Township of the same name when it was established in 1683. The village was renamed Elmhurst (Lep Hurst) in 1896 to identify the area with a new housing development, avoid association with the larger Township, and the Creek, and maintain the Dutch heritage.

Once Queensmarker joined the City of Greater New York in 1898, it developed into a fashionable district due to a housing development that was built in Elmhurst by the Cord Meyer Development Company between 1896 and 1910, north of the Port Washington Branch railroad Station. They expanded their holdings between 1905 and 1930, including Elmhurst Square, Elmhurst South, Elmhurst Heights, and New Elmhurst.

Prior to World War II, Elmhurst was an almost exclusively Jewish and Italian neighborhood. Following the war, Elmhurst evolved into what has been considered one of the most ethnically diverse neighborhoods in New York City. By the 1980s, there were persons from 112 nations in residence.

Demographics

As of the 2000 Census people living the 11373(Elmhurst) zip code were:

Race Number Percent
Hispanic/Latino 45,529 43.1
Asian 41,175 38.9
White 35,598 33.7
Some other race 19,960 18.9
Two or more races 6,096 5.8
African American 2,114 2.0
American Indian and Alaska Native 705 0.7
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 75 0.1


Historic churches

First Presbyterian
Elmhurst Baptist
Five churches of historic vintage are still extant and in use, two of which have historical graveyards.
  • First Presbyterian Church of Newtown (Queens Boulevard and 54th Avenue) which was built in 1893 and whose congregation was established in 1652.
  • St. James Parish Hall (Originally St. James Episcopal Church, at Broadway and 51st Avenue), which was built in 1734.
  • St. Adalbert Roman Catholic Church (52-29 83rd St.), which was founded in 1832.
  • Reformed Dutch Church of Newtown (85-15 Broadway at Corona Avenue), founded 1731, present structure built in 1834.
  • Elmhurst Baptist Church (87-37 Whitney Avenue at the corner of Judge Street and Whitney Avenue), founded 1900 and built in 1902.


Shopping

Elmhurst is home to two urban shopping malls. The recently expanded Queens Centermarker, the most profitable mall per square foot in the United States, and the recently renovated and expanded Queens Place Mall, a smaller round shopping center originally built as a Macy'smarker branch. It also has many furniture stores adjacent to Grand Avenue on Queens Boulevardmarker.

Education

Elmhurst is part of New York City's Department of Education Region 4. . Schools in Elmhurst include:

Transportation

Accessible subway stations are Woodhaven Boulevardmarker, Grand Avenue–Newtownmarker and Elmhurst Avenuemarker, all served by the trains of the IND Queens Boulevard Line. In addition, the IRT Flushing Line, served by the train, runs along Roosevelt Avenue, the north border of Elmhurst, with stations at 74th Street–Broadway, 82nd Street–Jackson Heightsmarker and 90th Street–Elmhurst Avenuemarker. Buses include the Q53, Q58, Q59, Q29, and Q60.

Popular culture

McDowell's, the fictional restaurant depicted in the 1988 film Coming to America, is located in Elmhurst. The filmmakers cosmetically altered an existing Wendy's restaurant for the week-long location shoot.

Elmhurst has also produced a number of NBA basketball players, including Smush Parker (Guard for L.A. Clippers) and Charlie Villanueva (Forward for Milwaukee Bucks).

For many years Elmhurst was a familiar name due to the Elmhurst Gas Tanks (officially the Newtown Holder Station), a pair of large natural gas storage structures built in 1910 and 1921. Because the Long Island Expressway (LIE) frequently became congested in that area, "backup at the Elmhurst Gas Tanks" became a familiar phrase heard in radio traffic reports. Being literal rather than legal landmark, the gas holders were removed in 2001.

ECW and other Wrestling groups like Usa Pro Wrestling The Long Island Wrestling Federation and Ulimate Championship Wrestling/Impact Championship Wrestling ran Wrestling Shows at the Elks Lodge on Queens Blvd in Elmhurst from 1997-2003. the Elks Lodge is now a Korean Church

Notable residents



References

Sources

  • AIA Guide to New York City, 3rd Edition (1988) ISBN 0-15-104040-0 (Hardcover); ISBN 0-15-603600-2 (Paperback)
  • The Encyclopedia of New York City (1995) ISBN 0-300-05536-6 .


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