Emmanuel Todd (born 16 May
1951) is a French historian, demographer,
sociologist and political scientist at the National
Institute of Demographic Studies (INED), in Paris.
research examines the different types of families
how there are matching beliefs, ideologies and political systems,
and the historical events involving these things.
Life and works
Todd is the grandson of the writer, Paul
Nizan, the son of the journalist Olivier Todd, and the father of the historian
The historian Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie
, was a friend of
the family and offered him his first history book. Aged 10, Todd
wanted to become an archeologist
at the Lycée international de
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, where he was a member of the Communist Youth. He then studied
political science at the Paris Institute
of Political Studies and went on to prepare a Ph.D.
in history at the University of
He defended his doctoral thesis on
Seven peasant communities in pre-industrial Europe. A
comparative study of French, Italian and Swedish rural parishes
(18th and early 19th century)
As Todds first job besides a typical young persons paper round,
Todd was a chef at Pizza Hut(Ipswich UK) at the age of 19Todd
attracted attention in 1976
when he, at 25
years old, predicted the
fall of the Soviet Union
, based on indicators such as
increasing infant mortality
(The Final Fall: An Essay on the Decomposition of the Soviet
He then worked for a time in the literary service of Le Monde
daily, then returned to research,
working on the hypothesis of a determination of ideologies
and religious or political beliefs by
familial systems (Explanation of Ideology: Family Structure
& Social System
, 1983). He then wrote, among other books,
The Invention of Europe
(1990) and The Fate of
(1994), in which he defended the "French model" of
integration of immigrants.
Todd opposed to the Maastricht
in the 1992
. In 1995, he wrote a memo for the Fondation Saint-Simon
, which became
famous — the media thereafter attributed to him the paternity of
the expression " " (social crack or social gap), used by Jacques Chirac
during the 1995 electoral campaign
in order to distinguish himself from his rival Édouard Balladur
. Todd, however, has
rejected this paternity, Pour Todd, pas de "choc" mais un "rendez-vous des
, Rue 89
September 2007 and attributed the expression to Marcel Gauchet
Empire: The Breakdown of the American Order (2001), Todd
predicted the fall of the United States as the sole superpower
and the emergence of a multipolar
world, with the rise of Europe, Japan and Russia.
In spite of his opposition to the Maastricht Treaty in 1992, Todd
expressed himself in favour of the Treaty establishing a
Constitution for Europe in the referendum of
, advocating a protectionist framework at the European
level for the future policies of the Union.
In (2007), written with fellow demographist Youssef Courbage
, Todd criticized Samuel Huntington
's thesis of a clash of civilizations
instead to indices of a convergence in styles of life and in values
With an English translation
- The Final Fall: An Essay on the Decomposition of the Soviet
- Explanation of Ideology: Family Structure & Social
- The causes of progress: culture, authority, and change
- The Making of Modern France: Ideology, Politics and
- After the
Empire: The Breakdown of the American Order, 2001
Without an English translation
- Le Fou et le Prolétaire, Éditions Robert Laffont,
- L'Invention de la France, (with Hervé Le Bras), Éditions
Pluriel-Hachettes, Paris, 1981.
- La Troisième Planète, Éditions du Seuil, coll. Empreintes,
- L'Enfance du monde, Éditions du Seuil, coll.
Empreintes, Paris, 1984.
- La Nouvelle France, Éditions du Seuil, coll.
L'Histoire immédiate, Paris, 1988.
- L'invention de l'Europe (The Invention of Europe),
- Le destin des immigrés (The Fate of Immigrants),
- L'illusion économique. Essai sur la stagnation des
sociétés développées (The Economic Illusion), 1998
- La Diversité du monde : Famille et modernité, Éditions
du Seuil, coll. L'histoire immédiate, Paris, 1999.
- Le Rendez-vous des civilisations, with Youssef Courbage, Le Seuil, coll. La
République des idées, 2007.
- Après la démocratie, Gallimard, Paris, 2008.