The Full Wiki

More info on Emmaus, Pennsylvania

Emmaus, Pennsylvania: Map

Advertisements
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



Emmaus (pronounced eh-MAY-us) is a borough in Lehigh Countymarker, Pennsylvaniamarker, in the United Statesmarker. It is located five miles southwest of Allentown, Pennsylvaniamarker, in the Lehigh Valley region of the state.

The population of Emmaus was 11,313 at the 2000 census. In 2007, Emmaus was listed as one of the top 100 "Best Places to Live" in the United States by Money magazine.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km²), all land, though parts of the Little Lehigh Creek, a tributary of the Lehigh River, flow just outside of the Emmaus border with Salisbury Townshipmarker. Emmaus borders South Mountainmarker, a large mountain range. The town's elevation is 436-feet-above-sea level.

Emmaus is located at: (40.536997, -75.495776).

Roads

Emmaus is accessible by two Lehigh County highways, Cedar Crest Boulevard, located on the borough's west-side, and Lehigh Street, which is located on the borough's east-side and connects Emmaus with Allentown and Bethlehem, Pennsylvaniamarker. Both highways have junctions with Interstate 78, which spans from Harrisburgmarker in the west to the Holland Tunnelmarker and New York Citymarker in the east.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,313 people, 4,985 households, and 3,155 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,918.8 people per square mile (1,511.4/km²). There were 5,186 housing units at an average density of 1,796.4/sq mi (692.8/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.89% White, 0.70% African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.81% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.51% of the population.

There were 4,985 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the borough, the population was spread out with 21.2% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there are 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $44,181, and the median income for a family was $54,120. Males had a median income of $38,659 versus $25,331 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,245. About 2.2% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.

History

Founding

Emmaus was settled in the 1740s and dates its founding to 1759. For approximately 100 years, until the mid-19th century, it was a closed community of the Moravian Church. The original land on which the town now lies was donated by Sebastian Heinrich Knauss and Jacob Ehrenhardt for use by the Moravian church. The founders and original residents of the town were members of the Lutheran and Reformed faiths, who joined the Moravian church when their own denominations were unable to provide ministers. Emmaus was one of the three leading Moravian communities in the northeast United States at the time of its founding.

Origin and spelling of name

The borough was named for the biblical village of Emmaus (now within modern Israelmarker), where, according to Christian teachings, Jesus was seen by disciples following his crucifixion and resurrection.

From its founding in 1759 until 1830, the settlement's name was spelled Emmaus. From 1830 until 1938, however, the community used the Pennsylvania Dutch spelling of the name, Emaus, to reflect local language and the significant presence of Pennsylvania Dutch. In 1938, after petitions circulated by the local Rotary Clubmarker, the borough formally changed the name's spelling back to Emmaus, reflecting the spelling in the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament.

19th century

Iron ore was discovered nearby in the 19th century and served as a source of industrial growth for much of the 19th century and 1900s. In 1859, the East Pennsylvania Railroad (later part of the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad) brought trains to Emmaus. That same year, the town was incorporated into a borough. In 1869, the town's first blast furnace opened. The largest iron company was Donaldson Iron Company, which made cast iron pipes and other products until the company closed in 1943. During the 19th century, Emmaus was also a center of silk and cigar manufacturing.

Population trends

In 1940, public census statistics showed that 6,731 people lived in Emmaus. The population of the borough has since nearly doubled to 11,313, as of the 2000 census. Housing construction has reached the borough line in all directions, so significant continued population growth in the borough is unlikely. Outside the borough line, however, the local population continues to grow, particularly in neighboring Lower Macungie Townshipmarker.

Historical sites

Emmaus is home to several residences and other properties that were constructed in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and have been labeled historic sites by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Under historical preservation Commonwealth laws, the sites are protected from commercial and other development expansion in the borough.

Industry and commerce

Emmaus is the global headquarters of Rodale Press, one of the world's largest publishers of health-related books and magazines, including Men's Health, Prevention, and Runner's World magazines. Buckeye Pipe Line, a United Statesmarker petroleum distributor, also is headquartered between Emmaus and Macungiemarker.

Emmaus is also home of Shangy's, one of the nation's largest beer distributors, featuring over 3,000 domestic and import beer brands. Shangy's attracts thousands of beer enthusiasts from around the nation each year.

Yocco's Hot Dogs, the Lehigh Valley-based fast food establishment known for their regionally-famous hot dogs and cheesesteaks, also has one of its six Lehigh Valley restaurants located just west of Emmaus, on Chestnut Street near Buckeye Road in Upper Milford Townshipmarker. Opened in the 1980s, the Emmaus Yocco's is known as Yocco's South. Yocco's also maintains its corporate headquarters in Emmaus.

The largest major shopping mall in the Emmaus area is South Mallmarker, located on Lehigh Street on Emmaus' border with Salisbury Townshipmarker and Allentown. South Mall is one of four major shopping malls in Allentown and its immediate suburbs.

The Emmaus Arts Commission hosts art and film events in Emmaus, including "Art in the Garden," "Emmaus Art Walk," the "Student Horror Film Festival," and others. Emmaus also hosts an annual Halloween parade each October, which is among the largest in eastern Pennsylvania.

Public education

Emmaus is served educationally by the East Penn School District, a public school district that accommodates kindergarten through 12th grade.

The district has one high school, Emmaus High Schoolmarker (for grades nine through 12), two middle schools, Eyer Middle School and Lower Macungie Middle School (for grades six through eight), and six elementary schools (for kindergarten through fifth grade), Alburtis Elementary School, Jefferson Elementary School, Lincoln Elementary School, Macungie Elementary School, Shoemaker Elementary School, and Wescosville Elementary School. The school district plans to open a seventh elementary school, Willow Lane Elementary School, in September 2010.

Governance

Emmaus is governed under a council/mayor system, with the Borough Council retaining the vast majority of governmental authority. After the 2007 municipal election, the borough government includes:

Borough council

  • Mike Waddell - President
  • R. Erick Reinhard
  • Wesley Barrett
  • Nate Brown
  • Lee Gilbert
  • Brian Holtzhafer
  • Brent Labenberg


Mayor
  • Winfield Iobst


Borough Manager
  • Craig Neely


Water privatization controversy

On July 5, 2005, the Emmaus Borough Council voted in a 3-2 vote to authorize its Water Committee to work with the borough's consultant to draft an agreement of sale for its water system. Citizens had been especially concerned that if the borough chose to follow the consultant's advice to "monetize the system," that the system would be sold to a multinational corporation, as was an increasing trend throughout the region. Many Emmaus residents organized themselves under the group EFLOW ("Emmaus for Locally Owned Water"), and through a combination of letter-writing, petitioning and public comment at council meetings, in early September 2005 the council voted to take water privatization off the table of options. This controversy garnered regional and national attention, with anti-privatization non-profits such as Public Citizen noting the debate and outcome.

References



External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message