Emmen ( : em n) is
a municipality and a town in the northeastern Netherlands.
A prime example of a planned city
Emmen arose from several small farming and peat-harvesting
communities which have dotted the province
since the Middle Ages. Traces of
these communities can still be seen in the form of the villages of
Westenesch, Noordbarge and Zuidbarge: they have a separate history
and layout, but are surrounded by the suburbs and the centre of
The expansion of the town did not happen until after the Second World War
. Suburbs were built in
a clockwise direction around the old centre of Emmen, starting with
Emmermeer directly to the north, and followed by Angelslo (for which
an old village of the same name was demolished), Emmerhout (famed at the time for being built in
the forest, quite separate from the town), Bargeres, the
Rietlanden and Parc Sandur.
Construction of the last
suburb, called Delftlanden
, has only
recently begun, with the streets laid out and construction of
houses and other buildings yet to begin.
There are few historic landmarks left within the town, but those
few include the church on the market square, where a church has
been standing since the Middle Ages
court of law building, dating from the beginning of the twentieth
century and the post office from the same time. In the town's
environs an earthwork by Robert
, "Broken Circle/Spiral Hill," may be found.
economic booster since the 1980s is the zoo, the Dierenpark
Begun in the 1930s, it was almost
completely redesigned in the 1970s, and is now co-owned by the
municipality of Emmen. It attracts over 1.5 million visitors per
year. Important industries include Teijin
, DSM Engineering
and Diolen Industrial Fibers
extensive glasshouse complexes for horticulture, especially in the
governmental Topographical Department of the Netherlands is located
in Emmen. The municipality offers some 38,000 jobs.
Emmen is the second most populous urban area of Drenthe.
municipality is one of the largest in the Netherlands, although the area outside the town borders of
Emmen is rather rural. The only villages of importance are Emmercompascuum, Klazienaveen, Nieuw-Amsterdam and
The municipality of Emmen has some 104,000 inhabitants, with 56,000
living in the town Emmen. Compared to some 3,000 inhabitants in the
nineteenth century, this illustrates the rapid growth of Emmen in
the past 150 years.
served by one train connection with Zwolle, which in
turn leads to the rest of the country.
addition, there are regular and frequent bus lines with Groningen, Hoogeveen and Assen, as well as
the surrounding countryside, and Meppen in Germany, departing from Emmen's two bus
By car, the town is accessible via the N34 from Zwolle to Groningen, the N381 to Drachten, the N391 to Veendam and the A37
from Hoogeveen to Meppen in Germany.
The nearest airport is Groningen
Airport Eelde at a distance of 50 kilometers.Furthermore, there
are inland shipping connections via Nieuw-Amsterdam to Coevorden, Hoogeveen and Almelo.
Barger-Compascuum, Emmen, Emmer-Compascuum, Erica, Klazienaveen, Nieuw-Amsterdam, Nieuw-Dordrecht, Nieuw-Schoonebeek, Nieuw-Weerdinge, Roswinkel, Schoonebeek, Veenoord, Weiteveen, Zwartemeer
town's football club FC Emmen plays their home games in Univé
They play in the Eerste Divisie