(January 11, 1322 – July 26, 1380) was the 2nd of the Ashikaga Pretenders, although he was actually the first to be supported by the Ashikaga Bakufu. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1336 through 1348.
His personal name was Yutahito
(豊仁).Second son of
. His mother
was ?? (寧子), the daughter of Saionji Kinhira (西園寺公衡)
Events of Kōmyō's life
In his own lifetime, Kōmyō and those around him believed that he
occupied the Chrysanthemum
from September 20, 1336 to November 18, 1348.
Ashikaga Takauji, rebelling against
Emperor Go-Daigo's Kemmu Restoration, entered Kyōto in 1336, Go-Daigo fled to Enryakuji on Mount
Despite lacking the sacred treasures
, Prince Yutahito
was enthroned as emperor, beginning the Northern Court. On the 12th
day, 21st day, Go-Daigo escaped to Yoshino, founding the Southern
On November 18, 1348, he abdicated in favor of the eldest son of
his older brother, the former claimant to the throne Emperor Kōgon
, who became the Northern Pretender Emperor Sukō
In 1352, taking advantage of the Kan'ō Disturbance, a family feud
in the Ashikaga clan, the Southern Emperor Emperor Go-Murakami
capturing it and carrying away Kōmyō along with Emperor Kōgon
and Emperor Sukō
and the Crown Prince.
Shōhei Reunification, Kōmyō and his
companions were placed under house arrest in Yamato Province, in what is today the
village of Nishiyoshino, Yoshino District, Nara.
In 1355, returning to Kyōto
, he entered a monastery.
- July 26, 1380 (Kōryaku 2, 24th day of the 6th month): The
former emperor died at age 60.
Eras of Kōmyō's reign
The years of Kōmyō's reign are more specifically identified by more
than one era name
- Nanboku-chō Northern
- Eras as reckoned by pretender Court (as determined by Meiji
- Kemmu (continued)
- Nanboku-chō Southern
- Eras as reckoned by legitimate Court (as determined by Meiji
Southern Court Rivals
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du
japon, pp. 294-295.
- Titsingh, p. 315.
- Titsingh, p. 294.