Enbridge Inc. ( ) is a Calgary, Alberta based
company focused on three core businesses: crude oil and liquids pipelines, natural gas
pipelines, and natural gas
distribution. The company has approximately 5,400
employees, mostly in Canada, the
U.S. and South
America. The company was initially incorporated as
Interprovincial Pipe Line (IPL) in 1949, shortly after Canada's
first major oil discovery at Leduc, Alberta.
The original pipeline was constructed to
transport oil from Western Canada to refineries in the east. IPL
became Enbridge Pipelines in 1998. The Enbridge name is a portmanteau
from "energy" and "bridge".
Enbridge building in Edmonton,
operates the world's longest crude oil and liquids pipeline system,
located in both Canada and USA. It owns and operates Enbridge
Pipelines Inc. and a variety of affiliated pipelines in Canada, and
has an approximate 12% interest in Enbridge Energy Partners, L.P.
which owns the Lakehead System
the U.S. These pipeline systems have operated for over 50 years and
now comprise approximately 13,500 kilometres (8,500 miles) of
pipeline, delivering more than 2 million barrels (300,000 m³)
per day of crude oil and liquids. Enbridge is also the sponsor and
manager of the Enbridge Income Fund.
Enbridge is also involved in liquids marketing and international
energy projects and has a growing involvement in the natural gas
transmission and midstream businesses, through the Alliance and
Vector pipelines, its investment in AltaGas Services, and various
U.S. assets that transport, gather, process and market natural gas
and other petroleum
As a distributor of energy, Enbridge owns and operates Canada's
largest natural gas
company, Enbridge Gas Distribution, which provides gas to
industrial, commercial and residential customers in Ontario, Quebec
and New York State. Enbridge distributes gas to 1.7 million
customers and is developing a gas distribution network in New Brunswick.
September 2004, Enbridge closed a deal with Long Lake Oil Sands
partners Nexen and OPTI Canada to provide an initial 60,000 barrels
(10,000 m³) per day of pipeline capacity. Further, the company
announced it would conduct an open
season for the Spearhead Pipeline project, which would offer
crude oil transportation between Chicago and Cushing,
Oklahoma, starting in
In October 2008, Enbridge was named one of "Canada's Top 100 Employers
Mediacorp Canada Inc., and was featured in Maclean's
newsmagazine. Later that month,
HSBC Canada was also named one of Alberta's Top Employers
, which was
announced by the Calgary
and the Edmonton
Spills and violations
On July 4,
2002 an Enbridge pipeline ruptured in a marsh near the town of
Minnesota in Itasca County, spilling 6,000 barrels (~250,000
gallons) of crude oil.
In an attempt to keep the oil from
contaminating the Mississippi
, the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources set a
controlled burn that lasted for 1 day and created a smoke plume
about 1 mile high and 5 miles long.
In 2006, there were 67 reportable spills totaling 5,663 barrels on
Enbridge's energy and transportation and distribution system; in
2007, there were 65 reportable spills totaling 13,777 barrels
On March 18, 2006, approximately 613 barrels of crude oil were
released when a pump failed at Enbridge's Willmar terminal in
Saskatchewan. According to Enbridge, roughly half the oil was
recovered, the remainder contributing to 'off-site' impacts.
1 2007 an Enbridge pipeline that runs from Superior,
Wisconsin to near Whitewater, Wisconsin cracked open and spilled ~50,000 gallons of crude
oil onto farmland and into a drainage ditch.
pipeline was struck by construction crews on February 2 2007, in
Rusk County, Wisconsin, spilling ~126,000 gallons of crude. Some of
the oil filled a hole more than 20 feet deep and was reported to
have contaminated the local water table.
In April 2007, roughly 6,227 barrels of crude oil spilled into a
field downstream of an Enbridge pumping station near Glenavon,
Saskatchewan. Long-term site remediation is being attempted to
bring the site to "as close as possible to its original
Enbridge Energy Partners, a US affiliate of Enbridge Inc., agreed
to pay $1.1 million to settle a lawsuit brought against the company
by the state of Wisconsin for 545 environmental violations.
In a news
release from Wisconsin's Department of Justice, Attorney General
J.B. Van Hollen said "...the incidents of violation were numerous
and widespread, and resulted in impacts to the streams and wetlands
throughout the various watersheds." The violations were incurred while
building portions of the company's Southern Access pipeline, a
~$2.1 billion project to transport crude from the oil sands region in Alberta to Chicago.
January 2009 an Enbridge pipeline leaked about 4,000 barrels of oil
southeast of Fort
McMurray at the
company's Cheecham Terminal tank farm.
It was reported in
the Edmonton Journal
that most of
the spilled oil was contained within berms, but that about 1% of
the oil, about 40 barrels, sprayed into the air and coated nearby
snow and trees.
Enbridge recently participated in Pollution Probe
's 'Clean Air Commute', where
the company competed for the 'Utility Challenge Cup'.
Enbridge is producing the first multi-megawatt hybrid product,
which generates ultra-clean electricity while saving energy, which
is normally lost during natural gas pipeline operations. The hybrid
fuel cell power plants that are involved generate electricity that
is delivered to wholesale grids like large wind farms.
The general opinion from a lot of enbridge customers is that
enbridge cares nothing for it`s customers, and will make them wait
on the phone for unreasonably lengthy periods just to show it`s
Current members of the board of
of Enbridge are: David
, James Blanchard
J. Lorne Braithwaite
, Patrick Daniel
, E. Susan Evans
, Louis Hyndman
, Robert Martin
, George Petty
, Charles Shultz, and
Donald J. Taylor
The President & CEO of Enbridge is Patrick Daniel
- National Transportation Safety Board Report Pipeline
- Enbridge Inc. 2008 Corporate Social Responsibility
- Enbridge Spills and Releases
- Milwaukee Journal Sentinel: "Oil group cleans spill
in Clark County"
- Milwaukee Journal Sentinel: "Oil spill tainted
- Enbridge Spills and Releases
- The Canadian Press: Enbridge Energy agrees to pay
$1.1 million for Wisconsin environmental violations
- Enbridge Energy Settles Lawsuit Over Environmental
Violations for $1.1 Million
- "Enbridge still mopping up Anzac spill"
- CNW Group