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The English national football team represents Englandmarker in international association football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. Although most national teams worldwide represent a sovereign state, the four home nations which form the United Kingdommarker are each represented separately in international tournaments.

England is one of seven national teams to have won the FIFA World Cup, which they did in 1966 when they hosted the finals. They defeated West Germany 4–2 in extra time in the Final. England share with France the record of having one World Cup victory. Since then England's best performance at a World Cup was reaching the semi-finals in 1990, losing to West Germany on penalties. Nevertheless, they remain a prominent team on the global stage, rarely dropping outside of the top ten rankings of both FIFA and Elo. England also reached the semi-finals of the UEFA European Championship in 1968 and 1996. They were the most successful of the Home Nations in the British Home Championship with 54 wins (including 20 shared wins) before the competition was suspended in 1984.

Traditionally, England's greatest rivals have been Scotland, who were their opponents in the first-ever international football match in 1870. Since regular fixtures against Scotland came to an end in the late 1980s, other rivalries have become more prominent. Matches with Argentina and Germany have produced particularly eventful encounters. England's home ground is Wembley Stadiummarker in Londonmarker.

History

The England national football team is the joint oldest in the world, formed at the same time as Scotland. A representative match between England and Scotland was played on the 5th March 1870, having been organised by the Football Association. A return fixture was organised by representatives of Scottish football teams on 30 November 1872. This match, at Hamilton Crescentmarker in Scotlandmarker, is viewed as the first official international as the two teams were independently selected and operated, rather than being the work of a single football association, as the previous 1870 match had been. Over the next forty years, England played exclusively with the other three "Home Nations" - Scotland, Wales and Ireland. The games were made competitive with the British Home Championship from 1883 to 1984.

Before Wembley, Londonmarker was opened, England had no permanent home ground. England joined FIFAmarker in 1906, playing its first ever game outside the British Islesmarker in 1908. However, the relationship between the two was strained, resulting in the British nations' departure from FIFA in 1928, before rejoining in 1946. As a result, England did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1–0 defeat against the United States, failing to get past the first round. England's first ever defeat on home soil to a non-UK team was a 0–2 loss to Ireland on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Parkmarker, Liverpoolmarker. A 6–3 loss in 1953 to Hungary was England's first ever defeat to a non-UK team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapestmarker, Hungary won 7–1, which still stands as England's worst ever defeat. Ivor Broadis scored the England goal. After the game bewildered England centre half Syd Owen said, “It was like playing people from outer space”.

In the 1954 World Cup two goals by Broadis saw him become the first England player to score two goals in a game at the World Cup finals. Broadis beat Nat Lofthouse by 30 minutes when both scored 2 each in the thrilling 4–4 draw against Belgium. In reaching the quarter finals for the first time England lost 4–2 being eliminated by Uruguay. Only once have England progressed beyond the World Cup quarter finals away from home.
Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as the first ever full time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963. Under Ramsey, England experienced its greatest ever success, winning the 1966 FIFA World Cup Final against West Germany 4–2 after extra time. Geoff Hurst famously scored a hat-trick in the final. The 1966 World Cup was also held in England. Though England lost again to the Auld Enemy Scotland only a year later with a famous 3–2 for the Scots at Wembley. England qualified for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico as reigning cup holders. They reached the Quarter-finals but were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2–0 up but were eventually beaten 3–2 after extra time. For the 1974 and 1978 World Cups, England failed to qualify. In 1982, England under Ron Greenwood qualified for 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain after a 12-year absence and were eliminated from the second round without losing a match. The team under Bobby Robson fared better as England reached the quarter finals of the 1986 FIFA World Cup and finished fourth in the tournament four years later. This is the only time England have progressed beyond the World Cup quarter finals away from home.

The 1990s saw four England managers, each in the role for a relatively brief period. Graham Taylor was Robson's successor, but left after England failed to qualify for the 1994 World Cup. At Euro '96, held in England, Terry Venables led England to its best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-final. He left following investigations into his financial activities and his successor, Glenn Hoddle, similarly left the job for non-footballing reasons after just one international tournament - the 1998 World Cup - in which England were eliminated in the Second Round. Following Hoddle's departure, Kevin Keegan took England to Euro 2000, but performances were disappointing and he resigned shortly afterwards.

Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge of the team between 2001 and 2006 and was the first non-English manager of England. Despite controversial press coverage of his personal life, Eriksson was consistently popular with the majority of fans and England enjoyed some success with top qualifying place in two World Cup tournaments and Euro 2004, losing only five competitive matches during his tenure and rising to a (joint) record FIFA No.4 world ranking for the English national team during the 2006 World Cup under his guidance. Eriksson's contract was extended by The FA by two years to include Euro 2008 prior to being terminated by them at the conclusion of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Steve McClaren was appointed as the head coach following the 2006 World Cup. The reign was marked with little success, with England failing to qualify for the 2008 European Championships. McClaren left on 22 November 2007, after only 16 months in charge and making him the shortest tenured full time England manager ever since the inauguration of the post in 1946. He was replaced on 14 December 2007 by the former Real Madrid and AC Milan manager Fabio Capello. The Italian is the second foreign manager to coach England, after Eriksson, and took charge of his first game on 6 February 2008 against Switzerland. England won 2–1. England have enjoyed more success under Capello, having won all but one of their qualifying games for the 2010 World Cup. A 5-1 victory over Croatia at Wembley Stadiummarker ensured the team qualified for the final tournament with two games to spare, a feat that has never been achieved before.

George has scored over 122 goals for england, in ONLY 50 capps

Home stadium

For the first 50 years of its existence, England played its home matches all around the country; for the first few years it used cricket grounds, before later moving on to football clubs' stadiums. England played their first match at Wembley Stadium in 1924 against Scotland, but for the next 27 years used Wembley as a venue for Scotland matches only.

The Wembley Stadiummarker is a stadium in Wembley, located in the London Borough of Brentmarker in London, England. It is owned by The Football Association (FA) via its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Limited, and its primary use is for home games of the England national football team, and the main English domestic football finals.

Media coverage

From the 2008–09 season to the 2011–12 season, England's home qualifiers and away friendlies will be shown live on ITV. Away qualifiers and home friendlies were shown live on Setanta Sports until the company went into administration in June 2009. Currently, no broadcaster has been chosen to take over these games, along with the FA Cup, with the FA looking for a replacement . As a result of the demise of Setanta, England's World Cup qualifier in Ukraine on 10 October 2009 was shown in Britain on a pay-per-view basis via the internet only. This one-off event was the first time an England game had been screened in such a way. The number of subscribers, paying between £4.99 and £11.99 each, was estimated at between 250,000 and 300,000, and the total number of viewers at around 500,000.

In Australia, England national football team home games and selected away games are broadcast by Setanta Sports Australia.

All matches are broadcast with full commentary on BBC Radio Five Live.

Colours

England's traditional home colours are white shirts, navy blue shorts and white socks. Since 2001, the team has periodically worn white shorts during home matches.

The traditional England away colours are red shirts, white shorts and red socks, although England did not need an away kit until they played against a non-Britishmarker side. From 1945 to 1952, England wore a blue away kit. In 1996 England's away kit was changed to grey shirts, shorts and socks. This kit was worn against Bulgaria, Germany and Georgia but the deviation from traditional red was unpopular with supporters and since then the England away kit has remained red. Periodically, the red kit is worn during home matches.

On 28 March 2009, England debuted a new Umbro retro inspired all white home kit, in the 4–0 friendly victory over Slovakia at Wembley. The new kit replaces the traditional navy blue shorts with white shorts. However, the traditional navy blue shorts were used during the team's 1-0 loss against Ukraine on October 10, 2009.

Third kit

England have occasionally had a third kit as well. At the 1970 World Cup England wore a third kit with light blue shirt, shorts and socks against Czechoslovakia.

They had a strip similar to Brazil's kit, with a yellow shirt and blue shorts in 1973, worn against Czechoslovakia, Poland and Italy.

Between 1986 and 1992 England had pale blue third kits which were rarely worn by the England National Team.

Charity support

England players donate all their pay for international matches to charity causes via the Team England Footballers Charity, which in 2009 is raising awareness about bowel cancer.

2010 FIFA World Cup qualification - UEFA Group 6

England qualified by winning its first eight matches, including a 4-1 and 5-1 victories against Croatia, who knocked England out of EURO 2008. England's sole defeat was in Ukraine, after qualification had been secured.

Friendly matches

England's score first

Opponents Venue Date Result
Switzerland Wembley Stadium, Londonmarker 6 Feb 2008 2–1
France Stade de France, Parismarker 26 Mar 2008 0–1
United States Wembley Stadium, Londonmarker 28 May 2008 2–0
Trinidad & Tobago Hasely Crawford Stadium, Port of Spainmarker 1 June 2008 3–0
Czech Republic Wembley Stadium, Londonmarker 20 August 2008 2–2
Germany Olympiastadion, Berlinmarker 19 November 2008 2–1
Spain Estadio Ramón Sánchez Pizjuánmarker, Sevillemarker 11 February 2009 0–2
Slovakia Wembley Stadiummarker, Londonmarker 28 March 2009 4–0
Netherlands Amsterdam ArenAmarker, Amsterdammarker 12 August 2009 2–2
Slovenia Wembley Stadiummarker, Londonmarker 5 September 2009 2–1
Brazil Khalifa International Stadiummarker, Dohamarker 14 November 2009 0–1


Current squad

The following players were named in the squad for the friendly match against Brazil on 14 November 2009.

Name DOB Club Caps (goals) Debut
Goalkeepers
Robert Green West Ham United 8 (0) v Colombia, 31 May 2005
Ben Foster Manchester United 4 (0) v Spain, 7 February 2007
Joe Hart Birmingham City 1 (0) v Trinidad & Tobago, 1 June 2008
Defenders
John Terry Chelsea 58 (6) v Serbia & Montenegro, 3 June 2003
Wayne Bridge Manchester City 36 (1) v Netherlands, 13 February 2002
Wes Brown Manchester United 22 (1) v Hungary, 28 April 1999
Matthew Upson West Ham United 18 (1) v South Africa, 22 May 2003
Joleon Lescott Manchester City 9 (0) v Estonia, 13 October 2007
Stephen Warnock Aston Villa 1 (0) v Trinidad & Tobago, 1 June 2008
Gary Cahill Bolton Wanderers 0 (0) N/A
Midfielders
Gareth Barry Manchester City 35 (2) v Ukraine, 31 May 2000
Shaun Wright-Phillips Manchester City 29 (5) v Ukraine, 18 August 2004
Michael Carrick Manchester United 20 (0) v Mexico, 25 May 2001
Jermaine Jenas Tottenham Hotspur 21 (0) v Australia, 12 February 2003
Ashley Young Aston Villa 7 (0) v Austria, 16 November 2007
James Milner Aston Villa 6 (0) v Netherlands, 12 August 2009
Tom Huddlestone Tottenham Hotspur 1 (0) v Brazil, 14 November 2009
Strikers
Wayne Rooney Manchester United 57 (25) v Australia, 12 February 2003
Jermain Defoe Tottenham Hotspur 38 (11) v Sweden, 31 March 2004
Peter Crouch Tottenham Hotspur 36 (18) v Colombia, 31 May 2005
Darren Bent Sunderland 5 (0) v Uruguay, 1 March 2006


Recent call-ups

The following players have also been called up to the England squad within the last twelve months.

Name DOB Club Caps (goals) Debut Most recent callup
Goalkeepers
David James Portsmouth 49 (0) v Mexico, 29 March 1997 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009
Paul Robinson Blackburn Roversmarker 41 (0) v Australia, 12 February 2003 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009
Scott Carson West Bromwich Albion 3 (0) v Austria, 16 November 2007 v Andorra, June 10, 2009
Defenders
Glen Johnson Liverpool 20 (0) v Denmark, 18 November 2003 v Brazil, November 14, 2009
Ashley Cole Chelsea 77 (0) v Albania, 28 March 2001 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009
Rio Ferdinand Manchester United 76 (3) v Cameroon, 15 November 1997 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009
Gary Neville Manchester United 85 (0) v Japan, 3 June 1995 v Andorra, June 10, 2009
Ledley King Tottenham Hotspur 19 (1) v Italy, March 2002 v Ukraine, April 1, 2009
Phil Jagielka Everton 3 (0) v Trinidad & Tobago, 1 June 2008 v Ukraine, April 1, 2009
Leighton Baines Everton 0 (0) N/A v Ukraine, April 1, 2009
Luke Young Aston Villa 7 (0) v United States, 28 May 2005 v Spain, February 11, 2009
Midfielders
David Beckham Los Angeles Galaxy 115 (17) v Moldova, 1 September 1996 v Brazil, November 14, 2009
Frank Lampard Chelsea 76 (20) v Belgium, 10 October 1999 v Brazil, November 14, 2009
Steven Gerrard Liverpool 77 (16) v Ukraine, 31 May 2000 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009
Aaron Lennon Tottenham Hotspur 15 (0) v Jamaica, 2 June 2006 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009
Theo Walcott Arsenal 8 (3) v Hungary, 30 May 2006 v Netherlands, August 12, 2009
Stewart Downing Aston Villa 23 (0) v Netherlands, 9 February 2005 v Ukraine, April 1, 2009
Strikers
Emile Heskey Aston Villa 57 (7) v Hungary, 28 April 1999 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009
Carlton Cole West Ham United 6 (0) v Spain, 11 February 2009 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009
Gabriel Agbonlahor Aston Villa 3 (0) v Germany, 19 November 2008 v Ukraine, October 10, 2009


Coaching staff

Manager Fabio Capello
General Manager Franco Baldini
Assistant Manager Italo Galbiati
Coach/U-21 Manager Stuart Pearce
Coach Ray Clemence
Goalkeeping Coach Franco Tancredi
Under-20/-18 Manager Brian Eastick
Under-19 Manager Noel Blake
Under-17 Manager John Peacock
Under-16 Manager Kenny Swain
Fitness Coach Massimo Neri
Physiotherapist Gary Lewin
Team Doctor Dr. Ian Beasley
Masseurs Dan Hitch
Chris Neville
Steve Slattery
Rod Thornley
Tom McKechnie


Previous squads

FIFA World Cup squads:


UEFA European Football Championship squads:


All time team record

International record against all nations, correct as of 15-11-2009.

Against Played Won Drawn Lost GF GA GD
4 4 0 0 12 1 +11
4 4 0 0 16 0 +16
14 6 6 2 21 15 +6
6 3 2 1 6 5 +1
18 10 4 4 58 27 +31
2 2 0 0 3 0 +3
2 2 0 0 6 1 +5
20 14 5 1 69 25 +44
1 1 0 0 4 0 +4
23 3 9 11 19 31 -12
8 4 4 0 9 2 +7
1 0 1 0 2 2 +0
4 3 1 0 9 4 +5
1 1 0 0 1 0 +1
5 2 2 1 4 3 +1
1 1 0 0 3 0 +3
5 3 2 0 10 3 +7
7 4 1 2 18 10 +8
2 2 0 0 6 0 +6
2 1 1 0 4 2 +2
12 7 3 2 25 15 +10
17 10 4 3 33 18 +15
2 2 0 0 3 0 +3
2 2 0 0 5 0 +5
2 2 0 0 6 0 +6
11 9 2 0 36 7 +29
27 16 4 7 65 33 +32
2 2 0 0 4 0 +4
11 5 2 4 23 15 +8
4 3 1 0 7 3 +4
16 7 3 6 24 19 +5
9 7 2 0 23 3 +20
21 14 2 5 54 29 +25
2 1 1 0 7 2 +5
98 75 16 7 323 81 +242
14 5 7 2 19 12 +7
4 2 2 0 5 1 +6
22 7 6 9 28 26 +2
1 1 0 0 6 0 +6
2 1 1 0 3 2 +1
2 2 0 0 9 1 +8
1 0 1 0 1 1 +0
1 1 0 0 1 0 +1
2 2 0 0 4 0 +4
9 9 0 0 47 3 +44
1 1 0 0 4 2 +2
3 3 0 0 8 1 +7
8 5 1 2 20 3 +17
2 2 0 0 7 0 +7
2 1 1 0 1 0 +1
18 5 9 4 26 21 +5
2 2 0 0 3 0 +3
2 1 1 0 1 0 +1
10 5 3 2 26 7 +19
3 3 0 0 8 0 +8
2 1 0 1 5 4 +1
17 10 6 1 27 10 +17
22 9 10 3 45 25 +20
World 1st XI 2 1 1 0 6 5 +1
11 2 6 3 10 10 +0
2 1 0 1 4 2 +2
2 2 0 0 13 1 +12
2 0 2 0 1 1 +0
110 45 24 41 192 169 +23
1 1 0 0 2 1 +1
3 3 0 0 8 2 +6
1 1 0 0 2 1 +1
2 2 0 0 4 2 +2
22 11 3 8 38 24 +14
21 6 9 6 32 26 +6
2 2 0 0 5 0 +5
2 1 1 0 3 1 +2
10 8 2 0 31 0 +31
9 7 0 2 35 8 +27
11 5 3 3 19 13 +6
4 3 0 1 7 2 +5
10 3 3 4 10 13 -3
99 64 21 14 242 90 +152
14 5 5 4 23 20 +3
Total 877 498 211 168 1964 884 +1080


Competition history

Gold background colour indicates that the tournament was won by the England national football team. Red border colour indicates that the tournament was held on home soil.

FIFA World Cup record

Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA
1930 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1934 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1938 Did not enter - - - - - - -
1950 Round 1 8 3 1 0 2 2 2
1954 Quarter-finals 6 3 1 1 1 8 8
1958 Round 1 11 4 0 3 1 4 5
1962 Quarter-finals 8 4 1 1 2 5 6
1966 Champions 1 6 5 1 0 11 3
1970 Quarter-finals 8 4 2 0 2 4 4
1974 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1978 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1982 Group Round 2 6 5 3 2 0 6 1
1986 Quarter-finals 8 5 2 1 2 7 3
1990 Fourth place 4 7 3 3 1 8 6
1994 Did not qualify - - - - - - -
1998 Round of 16 9 4 2 1 1 7 4
** 2002 Quarter-finals 6 5 2 2 1 6 3
2006 Quarter-finals 7 5 3 2 0 6 2
2010 Qualified - - - - - - -
Total 13/19 1 Title 55 25 17 13 74 47
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**2002 World Cup held also in Republic of Koreamarker but all England matches were played in Japanmarker.


European Championship record

Year Round GP W D* L GS GA
1960 Did not enter - - - - - -
1964 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1968 Third-Place 2 1 0 1 2 1
1972 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1976 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1980 Round 1 3 1 1 1 3 3
1984 Did not qualify - - - - - -
1988 Round 1 3 0 0 3 2 7
1992 Round 1 3 0 2 1 1 2
1996 Semi-finals 5 2 3 0 8 3
2000 Round 1 3 1 0 2 5 6
2004 Quarter-finals 4 2 1 1 10 6
2008 Did not qualify - - - - - -
Total 7/13 23 7 7 9 31 28
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.


Honours

Senior team

*Winner (1): 1966
* Fourth Place (1): 1990


* Third Place (1): 1968




* Gold medal (2): 1908, 1912


Minor tournaments

Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA
1964 Taça de Nações Group Stage 3rd 3 0 1 2 2 7
1976 U.S.A. Bicentennial Cup Tournament Group Stage 2nd 3 2 0 1 6 4
1985 Rous Cup 1 Match 2nd 1 0 0 1 0 1
1985 Ciudad de México Cup Tournament Group Stage 3rd 2 0 0 2 1 3
1985 Azteca 2000 Tournament Group Stage 2nd 2 1 0 1 3 1
1986 Rous Cup Champions 1 Match 1st 1 1 0 0 2 1
1987 Rous Cup Group Stage 2nd 2 0 2 0 1 1
1988 Rous Cup Champions Group Stage 1st 2 1 1 0 2 1
1989 Rous Cup Champions Group Stage 1st 2 1 1 0 2 0
1991 England Challenge Cup Champions Group Stage 1st 2 1 1 0 5 3
1993 U.S. Cup Group Stage 4th 3 0 1 2 2 5
1995 Umbro Cup Group Stage 2nd 3 1 1 1 6 7
1997 Tournoi de France Champions Group Stage 1st 3 2 0 1 3 1
1998 King Hassan II International Cup Tournament Group Stage 2nd 2 1 1 0 1 0
2004 FA Summer Tournament Champions Group Stage 1st 2 1 1 0 7 2
Total 6 Titles 55 25 17 13 74 47
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.


Player history

Notable past players

The following England players have been inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame:





Most capped players

As of 9 September, the players with the most caps for England are:

# Name Career Caps Goals Goals per game
1 Peter Shilton 1970–1990 125 0 0
2 David Beckham 1996– 115 17 0.1589
3 Bobby Moore 1962–1973 108 2 0.0185
4 Sir Bobby Charlton 1958–1970 106 49 0.4623
5 Billy Wright 1946–1959 105 3 0.0286
6 Bryan Robson 1980–1991 90 26 0.2889
7 Michael Owen 1998– 89 40 0.4494
8 Kenny Sansom 1979–1988 86 1 0.0116
9 Gary Neville 1995– 85 0 0
10 Ray Wilkins 1976–1986 84 3 0.0357


Top goalscorers

# Player Career Goals (Games) Goals per game
1 Sir Bobby Charlton 1958–1970 49 (106) 0.4623
2 Gary Lineker 1984–1992 48 (80) 0.6000
3 Jimmy Greaves 1959–1967 44 (57) 0.7719
4 Michael Owen 1998– 40 (89) 0.4494
5 Sir Tom Finney 1946–1958 30 (76) 0.3947
= Nat Lofthouse 1950–1958 30 (33) 0.9091
= Alan Shearer 1992–2000 30 (63) 0.4762
8 Viv Woodward 1903–1911 29 (23) 1.2609
9 Steve Bloomer 1895–1907 28 (23) 1.2174
10 David Platt 1986–1996 27 (62) 0.4355


Note: goalscorers with an equal number of goals are ranked in chronological order of reaching the milestone

Managers

Manager England career Played Won Drawn Lost Win %
1946–1962

1963–1974

1974

1974–1977

1977–1982

1982–1990

1990–1993

1994–1996

1996–1999

1999 & 2000 (two stints)

1999–2000

2000

2001–2006

2006–2007

2007–

Managers in italics were hired as caretakers


See also



References

  1. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/991601.cms
  2. Report of Hungary v England World Cup warm up game and England at the 1954 World Cup in the profile of Ivor Broadis
  3. http://www.ft.com/cms/s/2/71d78840-f256-11da-b78e-0000779e2340.html
  4. http://www.guardian.co.uk/football/2009/oct/11/england-ukraine-internet-viewing-figures
  5. Still available for selection


External links




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