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Englewood is a city located in Bergen Countymarker, New Jerseymarker. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 26,203.

Englewood was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 17, 1899, from portions of Ridgefield Township and the remaining portions of Englewood Township. With the creation of the City of Englewood, Englewood Township was dissolved. An earlier referendum on March 10, 1896, was declared unconstitutional.

Geography

Englewood is located at 40°53'36" North, 73°58'33" West (40.893343, -73.975801).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.8.km2 (4.9 sq mi). 4.9 square miles (12.7 km2) of it is land and 0.20% is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,203 people, 9,273 households, and 6,481 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,322.0 people per square mile (2,056.3/km2). There were 9,614 housing units at an average density of 1,952.7/sq mi (754.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 42.49% White, 38.98% African American, 0.27% Native American, 5.21% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.50% from other races, and 4.50% from two or more races. 21.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

7.17% of Englewood residents identified themselves as being of Colombian American ancestry in the 2000 Census, the ninth highest percentage of the population of any municipality in the United States.

There were 9,273 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $58,379, and the median income for a family was $67,194 (these figures had risen to $75,731 and $96,158 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $41,909 versus $34,358 for females. The per capita income for the city was $35,275. 8.9% of the population and 6.6% of families were below the poverty line. 10.2% of those under the age of 18 and 8.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government

Local government

Beginning in 1980, Englewood switched from a Mayor-Council form of government to a modified Council-Manager plan of government in accordance with a Special Charter granted by the New Jersey Legislature.. Under this charter, the mayor retains appointive and veto powers, while the council acts as a legislative and policy making body, with some power to appoint and confirm appointments. The City Council consists of five members: four are elected from wards of roughly equal population and one additional member is elected at large. Administrative functions are responsibilities of the City Manager.

The current Mayor is Michael Wildes (D, term ends on December 31, 2010). The mayor is elected city-wide to a three-year term of office and has significant powers in appointing members to the Planning Board, the Library Board of Trustees, and, with council confirmation, the Board of Adjustment. The mayor serves on the Planning Board. The mayor attends and may speak at council meetings, but voting is confined only to breaking a deadlock with an affirmative vote for passage of an ordinance or resolution. The mayor has veto power over any city ordinance, but can be overridden with votes from four council members.

The City Council consists of five members, each elected for a three-year term. Four are elected from the individual wards in which they live and the other is elected by a city-wide vote as an at-large member. The city is divided into four wards which are approximately equal in population. The City Council is the legislative branch of government, whereby, deciding public policy, creating city ordinances and resolutions, passing the city budget, appropriating funds for city services, and hiring the City Manager. The City Council meets generally four times per month (except during summer months).

Members of the City Council are:
  • At Large: Gordon M. Johnson (D, term ends in 2009)
  • Ward 1: Dr. Kenneth E. Rosenzweig (D, 2008)
  • Ward 2: Charlotte Bennett Schoen (D, 2010), Council President
  • Ward 3: Scott Reddin (D, 2008)
  • Ward 4: Jack Drakeford (D, 2010)


All members of the City Council are Democrats. However, Drakeford is a member of one local faction of the Democrats, and Johnson, Rosenzweig, Schoen and Reddin are part of another faction. These two factions of the party act essentially as two separate political parties because of the lack of a significant Republican presence.

In elections held on November 6, 2007, voters filled two seats on the city council. In the Second Ward, Democratic incumbent Charlotte Bennett-Schoen (618 votes) won re-election, defeating Republican Norman Gorlyn (411). In the Fourth Ward, democratic incumbent Jack Drakeford (498) won a fourth term in office, topping both independent candidate Dierdre Glenn Paul (362) and Republican challenger Alice Joy Frank Leonard (35). Democrats will retain complete control on the 2008 council.

On Election Day, November 7, 2006, Englewood voters selected a mayor and filled the at-large seat on the City Council. As of Election Day, the Mayor and Council were all Democrats, in a community in which registered Democrats outnumber Republicans by a more than 6-1 margin. Incumbent Mayor Michael Wildes (with 4,673 votes) coasted to a win in his bid for a second term in office, defeating independent Robert O. Stern (2,443) and Republican Baruch Y. Prince (400). Assemblyman Gordon M. Johnson (5,132 votes) defeated Republican Harry Kanner (1,501). The election was characterized by mudslinging between the candidates and the factions within Englewood's dominant Democratic party.

Federal, state and county representation

Englewood is in the Ninth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 37th Legislative District.

Politics

As of April 1, 2006, out of a 2004 Census estimated population of 26,353 in Englewood, there were 14,049 registered voters (53.3% of the population, vs. 55.4% in all of Bergen County). Of registered voters, 6,151 (43.8% vs. 20.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,029 (7.3% vs. 19.2% countywide) were registered as Republicans and 6,866 (48.9% vs. 60.1% countywide) were registered as Undeclared. There were three voters registered to other parties.

On the national level, Englewood leans very strongly toward the Democratic Party. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 78% of the vote here, defeating Republican John McCain, who received around 20%.

Education

The Englewood Public School Districtmarker serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. For high school, students from Englewood Cliffsmarker attend Dwight Morrow High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Englewood Cliffs Public Schoolsmarker.

Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are D. A. Quarles Early Childhood Center (400 students; PreK-1), Cleveland School (363; 1-5), Lincoln School (428; 1-5), Janis E. Dismus Middle School (534; 6-8),Dwight Morrow High Schoolmarker (9-12; 1,059) and Academies at Englewood (9-12).

As an alternative to regular public education, Englewood has the Englewood on the Palisades Charter School (216; K-5)

High school students from Englewood may also apply on a competitive basis to attend the public Bergen County Technical High Schoolsmarker and Bergen County Academiesmarker, with the former located in Teterboromarker and Paramusmarker and the latter located in Hackensackmarker.

Englewood is the home to a number of private schools. Dwight-Englewood Schoolmarker has 935 students in preschool through twelfth grade. Elisabeth Morrow Schoolmarker serves 462 students in preschool through eighth grade. Moriah School of Englewoodmarker is a Jewish day school with nearly 1,000 students in preschool through eighth grade, and St. Cecilia Interparochial School is a Catholic school with 165 students in pre-k 3 through eighth grade. Yeshiva Ohr Simcha serves students in high school for grades 9-12 and offers a postgraduate yeshiva program.

Transportation

New Jersey Transit bus lines serving Englewood include the 166 to the Port Authority Bus Terminalmarker in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178 and 186 routes to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminalmarker; and the 756 and 780 offering local service.

Route 4, Route 93, Interstate 95, County Route 501, and County Route 505 also serve Englewood. The northern terminus of Route 93 is at the intersection of Route 4 and Route 93, but the road continues north as CR 501.

A proposed extension of the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail along the Northern Branch would include stations at Englewood Hospital,Town Center and Route 4.

History

Origin of Name

Englewood was so named because it was the first primarily English-speaking settlement on the New Jerseymarker side of the Hudson River in former New Netherland after the annexation of New Netherland by Englandmarker in 1664. Numerous other settlements in the United States were named for Englewood as settlement in North America expanded westward.

Pre-Colonial and Colonial

Englewood, like the rest of New Jersey, was originally populated by Lenni-Lenape Native Americans prior to European colonization. The Lenape who lived in the Englewood region were of the "turtle clan" which used a stylized turtle as its symbol, but little else is known of the original inhabitants.

When Henry Hudson sailed up what would become known as the Hudson River in 1607, he claimed the entirety of the watershed of the river, including Englewood, for the Netherlandsmarker, making the future region of Englewood a part of New Netherland. However, the region remained largely unsettled under Dutch rule as the Dutch did little to encourage settlement north of modern Hudson Countymarker, as the imposing New Jersey Palisadesmarker blocked expansion on the west bank of the Hudson.

In 1664, after the Dutch surrendered all of New Netherland to Englandmarker, the rate of settlement picked up. The English were generous with land grants, and many families, not only English but also Dutch and Huguenot, settled the area. Street names in Englewood still show signs of the relative diversity of its earliest settlers; Brinckerhoff, Van Brunt, Lydecker, Van Nostrand and Durie (Duryea), all Dutch, Demarest (de Marais), DeMott and Lozier (Le Sueur), Frenchmarker Huguenot, and Moore, Lawrence, Cole and Day, English.

Historical notes

From 1906 until 1907 when it burned down, Englewood was the site of Upton Sinclair's socialist inflected intentional community, the Helicon Home Colony. Associated with the project were Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Lewis Sinclair.

The telephone industry made a United States "first" in Englewood with the introduction of what is known now as Direct distance dialing (DDD). On November 10, 1951, Englewood Mayor M. Leslie Downing made the first directly-dialed long distance call, to Mayor Frank Osborne of Alameda, Californiamarker. As of that date, customers of the ENglewood 3, ENglewood 4 and TEaneckmarker 7 exchanges (who could already dial New York Citymarker and area) were able to dial 11 cities across the United States, simply by dialing the three-digit area code and the seven digit number (or the three-digit area code and the local number of two letters and five digits).

Vince Lombardi began his coaching career at St. Cecilia High School two years after his graduation from Fordham Universitymarker, and the NFL championship trophy is named in his honor.

In the 2008 movie Nick & Norah's Infinite Playlist Norah Silverberg one of the primary characters is from Englewood although Englewood is never seen in the film.

Famous residents

Some noted current and former residents include:



References

External links




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