The English Party
( ), was one of the three
informal Early Greek Parties
that dominated the early political history of Modern Greece, the
other two being the Russian
and the French
History and party development
creation and evolution of these Parties was the effect of the
interest that the three Great Powers
(the United Kingdom, France and Russia) displayed for Greek affairs.
As a result,
they counted on the hope that Greeks had, that by supporting them
those countries would also help the Greek Kingdom
to fulfill its expectations
for economical progress and territorial expansion.
establishment of the English Party should probably be considered
the action that some leaders of the Greek War of Independence took in
June 1825, urged by Prince Alexander
Mavrocordatos and Georgios
Kountouriotis, to compose a letter, whereby Greece applied for
protection to the United
lacked support in Central Greece but
was very powerful among the Phanariotes,
the landholders of the Peloponnese and the wealthy shipowners of the Aegean Islands.
During John Capodistria
's period lost much of its
influence due to the establishment of the other parties, but it
regained most of it after the arrival of King Otto
, since the political sympathies of the
principal Regent, Josef
Ludwig von Armansperg
, lay with Britain.
Its unquestioned leader was Prince Alexander
, and the party quickly started to decline in
influence after his death in 1855.
- Clogg, Richard; A Short History of Modern Greece;
Cambridge University Press, 1979; ISBN 0-521-32837-3
- John A. Petropulos; Politics and Statecraft in the Kingdom
of Greece; Princeton University Press, 1968