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Ennis is a city in Ellis Countymarker, Texasmarker, United Statesmarker. The population was 16,045 at the 2000 census.

In 1871, the Houston and Texas Central Railroad (H&TC) purchased of land in Ellis County at a price of , establishing the line's northern terminus. On May 8, 1872, this site was established as the City of Ennis. The namesake of the town was Cornelius Ennis, an early official of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. Ennis served as Mayor of Houston (1856-57), and as a director of the Houston Tap and Brazoria Railway and Houston and Texas Central Railway.[20223]

Geography

Ennis is located at (32.332296, -96.624030).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.4 square miles (47.7 km2), of which, 18.0 square miles (46.6 km2) of it is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (2.17%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 16,045 people, 5,335 households, and 3,947 families residing in the city. The population density was 891.7 people per square mile (344.4/km2). There were 5,618 housing units at an average density of 312.2/sq mi (120.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.57% White, 14.71% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 15.93% from other races, and 2.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.19% of the population.

There were 5,335 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the city the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $38,923, and the median income for a family was $44,608. Males had a median income of $28,585 versus $22,855 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,677. About 10.4% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Ennis is served by the Ennis Independent School District.

Events

The city holds the annual National Polka Festival which features food, music, dancing, and a parade through downtown.

Ennis has an annual Bluebonnet festival during the month of April.

Ennis is the only incorporated city in the United States that still elects its City Marshal. The election is held every two years with the winner being named Chief of Police by the City Council and City Manager. Currently the post is held by Chief John Erisman.

Ennis is home to the Texas Motorplexmarker, a quarter-mile (200 m) drag racing facility built in 1986 by former funny car driver Billy Meyer. It annually hosts the NHRA O'Reilly Fall Nationals each September, when hundreds of professional and amateur drag racers compete for over $2 million in prize money.

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