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Epping Forest District

Shown within Essex
Geography
Status: District
Region: East of England
Admin. County: Essex
Area:
- Total
Ranked
338.99 km²
Admin. HQ: Eppingmarker
ONS code: 22UH
Demographics
Population:
- Total ( )
- Density

Ranked

/ km²

Ethnicity: 95.4% White
2.7% S.Asian
1.3% Black
0.6% Mixed Race


Politics

Epping Forest District Council
http://www.eppingforestdc.gov.uk/

Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
Executive:
MPs: Eleanor Laing, Eric Pickles, Bill Rammell
Civil Parishes
Epping Forest is a local government district of the county of Essex, Englandmarker. It is named for Epping Forestmarker, of which the district contains a large part. It lies to the north of Greater Londonmarker, but is not part of it.

Settlement

The north east of the district is rural and sparsely populated for an area so close to Londonmarker; it includes the town of Chipping Ongarmarker and surrounding villages. The south, dominated by Loughtonmarker, the largest town in the District, is more suburban, although set against the semi-rural fringes of the Forest itself. The settlements here border and in places (Chigwellmarker, Buckhurst Hillmarker), are contiguous with London. Although entirely outside Greater Londonmarker much of the south of the district is included in the Greater London Urban Areamarker.

History

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of Chigwell Urban Districtmarker, Epping Urban District and Waltham Holy Cross Urban Districtmarker, along with most of Epping and Ongar Rural Districtmarker. Since then there have been some changes to the Greater London boundary:





Transport

The district can be traced on maps by reference to the M25 motorwaymarker and the M11 motorway which form a junction at Theydon Garnon. From the junction the town of Loughtonmarker and the town of Buckhurst Hillmarker are south west, Chigwellmarker is south, Waltham Abbey is west, Epping north west, and Ongar north east.

Rail transport in the district is provided by the Central Line of the London Underground and the West Anglia Main Line. Further National Rail stations are available at Harlow, Sawbridgeworthmarker and Bishop's Stortfordmarker, along the District's boundary.

The stations in the district are:



Unlike the position on the Metropolitan Line outside Greater London, where a special fare structure exists, each station in the district is in one of Travelcard zones 4, 5 or 6. This is because Essex County Council have agreed a subsidy scheme with Transport for London similar to that with the London boroughs, whilst neither Hertfordshire County Council nor Buckinghamshire County Council have done so. From 2 January 2007, the stations on the Hainault Loop in the southern part of the district (Roding Valley, Chigwell and Grange Hill), which had previously been in Travelcard zone 5, were reallocated to zone 4 in an attempt by Transport for London to encourage greater use of this section of the line. Until November 2006, services to Roding Valley, Chigwell and Grange Hill stopped at around 8pm but since then the service has run to around midnight. However, the service to these stations is still not as frequent as to those wholly within Greater London or to those between Buckhurst Hill and Epping.

The Central Line used to have an extension from Epping to Ongarmarker, with intermediate stations at North Wealdmarker and Blake Hallmarker. However, patronage on this line was never high, and it ceased to be a part of the London Underground when it closed in 1994, with the remote Blake Hall station having closed 13 years earlier, in 1981, reputedly having only served six passengers a day. The line was nonetheless reopened in 2004 as the Epping Ongar Railwaymarker, which runs heritage services on Sundays and bank holidays.

North Weald Airfieldmarker, a Battle of Britain airfield, is owned by the District Council, and has a long runway allowing use of jet aircraft. Stapleford Aerodromemarker [63851] is another local airfield, and offers pleasure and charter flights.

Politics

As of 2006, the members of parliament for the district are Eleanor Laing (Conservative) for the Epping Forestmarker constituency, whilst Eric Pickles (Conservative) sits for the Brentwood and Ongarmarker constituency, covering the east of the district, and the area around Nazeingmarker and Sheeringmarker lies in the Harlowmarker constituency represented by Bill Rammell (Labour). Of the seven Essex County Councillors elected for Epping Forest divisions in 2009, five are from the Conservative Party, one is Liberal Democrat, and one is non-aligned.

Local government

The district council is now based in Eppingmarker, a town roughly in the centre of the district. Its offices were previously located in Loughton.

2007 Local Election

Party Councillors +/-
Conservative Party 32 +3
Liberal Democrats 11 −2
Loughton Residents Association 6 +1
BNP 4 -2
Labour Party 1 0
Others 3 -1
Conservative Gain


Wards

Buckhurst Hill Eastmarker (last election in 2006)

List of places in Epping Forest district



Trivia

A track on Genesis's 1973 album Selling England by the Pound is entitled The Battle of Epping Forest, and refers to a real-life East Endmarker gang-fight in the forest.

References

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Epping_Forest_%28district%29&action=edit
  2. Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex, Greater London and Hertfordshire (County and London Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  3. Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex and Greater London (County Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008.
  4. http://www.eppingforestdc.gov.uk/community/transport/default.asp



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