meaning 'to extract, or draw out') was an ancient city in the land
, the second city built by king
after the destruction of the Tower of Babel
. The Book of Jasher
11:3 records that
this city was built in the place where God deported people of
various new language groups to different parts of the world, and
Nimrod therefore named the city Erech.
the exact location of Erech is not specified with any accuracy, the
Book of Jubilees 9:3 identifies that the
land of Shinar was allocated to Asshur, second son of Shem, and
these Kings are associated with Nineveh in the
northern part of Mesopotamia.
Sumerian Kings List is the primary source indicating that Erech was
a name for the southern city of Uruk.
tablets were found by Lenzen in
1954 at Uruk. The Early Dynastic period in the list runs from 2900
to 2370BC, and is the first series in the Kings List with realistic
dates for the lengths of the rule of Kings. Prior to this the Kings
list shows only mythical kings who reigned for millennia .The Early
Dynastic period starts with the first Kish dynasty north of Uruk,
before the 'Dynasty of Erech' was founded in Uruk by Meskia-gasher.
This was the period of the famous Gilgamesh
, whose legend is so strongly associated
with Uruk. This would indicate that the influence of Asshur and
King Nimrod extended across the whole area, both northern and
the Akkadian version of
the city’s name and is found on cuneiform tablets discovered in the
northern sites of Kish, Nineveh and Babylon, mostly referring the
conquest of the southern region by the Babylonian king Sargon I.