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Ernest Torrence ( June 26, 1878 - May 13, 1933) was a Scottishmarker born film character actor who appeared in many Hollywoodmarker films, including Mantrap (1926) with Clara Bow, and Fighting Caravans (1931) with Gary Cooper and Lili Damita. A towering (6' 4") figure, Torrence frequently played cold-eyed and imposing villains.

Biography

Education and early work

Born Ernest Torrance-Thomson on June 26, 1878, in Edinburghmarker, Scotlandmarker, he as a child was an exceptional pianist and operatic baritone and graduated from the Stuttgart Conservatorymarker, Edinburgh Academy before earning a scholarship at London's Royal Academy of Musicmarker. He toured with the D'Oyly Carte Opera Company in such productions as The Emerald Isle (1901) and The Talk of the Town (1905) before disarming vocal problems set in and he was forced to abandon this career path. Sometime prior to 1900, he changed the spelling of Torrance to Torrence and dropped the name Thomson. Both Ernest and his actor brother David Torrence came to America, in March 1911, directly from Scotland prior to World War I. Focusing instead on a purely acting career, Ernest and his brother developed into experienced players on the Broadwaymarker New York stage. Ernest received significant acclaim with Modest Suzanne in 1912 and a prominent role in The Night Boat in 1920 brought him to the attention of Hollywood filmmakers.

Film career

Torrence played the despicable adversary Luke Hatburn in Tol'able David (1921) opposite Richard Barthelmess, and immediately settled into films for the rest of his career and life. He played an old codger in the acclaimed classic western The Covered Wagon (1923) and gained attention from his roles in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923) as Clopin, king of the beggars, and Betty Bronson in Peter Pan (1924) as the dastardly Captain Hook. In an offbeat bit of casting he paired up with Clara Bow in Mantrap (1926), unusually as a gentle, giant type backwoodsman in search of a wife. He appeared in other silent film classics such as The King of Kings (1927) (as Peter) and Steamboat Bill Jr. (1928) as Buster Keaton's steamboat captain father. During the course of his twelve year film career, Ernest made 49 films, both silent and "talkies".

Death

Torrence made the transition into talking films very well, starring in Fighting Caravans (1931) with Gary Cooper and Lili Damita. He was able to play a notable nemesis, Dr. Moriarty, to Clive Brooks' Sherlock Holmes (1932) in one of his last roles. Filming for I Cover the Waterfront (1933), in which he starred as a smuggler opposite Claudette Colbert in New Yorkmarker, had just been completed when he died suddenly on May 15 1933, at the relatively young age of 54. While en route to Europe by ship, Torrence suffered an acute attack of gall stones and was rushed back to a New Yorkmarker hospital but died later of complications following surgery.

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