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Espargos is the seat town of the island municipality of Salmarker, Cape Verdemarker and is also in the heart of the island. Espargos means "asparagus" and refers to the wild vegetable asparagus stalk with its bright yellow flowers which grows in sandy areas around the island. Espargos is connected with roads linking to Reguinho Fiúramarker to the north, Pedra de Lumemarker to the east, Santa Mariamarker to the south and Palmeiramarker to the west. It is close to its airport, Aeroporto Internacional Amílcar Cabralmarker (SID). There are also hotels, restaurants and others. The flat terrain named Terra Boa (good land in Portuguese) to the north, further northeast Morro Sal and further south, small hills and a plateau. The GDP until the 2000s were low-class and the living standards used to be low as well.

Nearest communities



Historical population

Year Population
1990 (June 23, Census) 5,778
2000 (June 16, Census) 5,456
2003 (Estimate) -
2005 (January 1, Computing) 6,173


It has a population of 8,000 habitants, until the 1990s.




History

One of the streets of Espargos


In 1939 the Italian Government of Benito Mussolini was granted authorization by the Portuguese colonial government to begin construction on a transit airport to service its flights flying between Europe and South America. Very simple pre-fabricated installations were built. However, as a consequence of World War II the Italian involvement in the airport project ceased. In 1945 the Portuguese purchased the airport installation from the Italians and by 1949 the Ilha do Sal airport was a fully operational transit facility. The airport has been gradually improved ever since. Small houses were erected in several areas immediately adjacent to the airport. Workers from nearby Sao Nicolau named the civilian area "Preguiça" after the port village on their home island. Espargos is the town's official name. Today Espargos is the principal commercial and government center of Ilha do Sal. In 1990 the population was approximately 4000. Sal History

Espargos has schools, a middle school, churches, banks and a few squares (praças).


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